World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Indian River County, Florida

Article Id: WHEBN0000072383
Reproduction Date:

Title: Indian River County, Florida  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of municipalities in Florida, Blue Cypress Lake, Fellsmere, Florida, List of Florida state parks, Sebastian Inlet State Park
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Indian River County, Florida

Indian River County, Florida
Indian River County Courthouse in Vero Beach
Seal of Indian River County, Florida
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Indian River County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded May 30, 1925
Named for Indian River Lagoon
Seat Vero Beach
Largest city Sebastian
Area
 • Total 617 sq mi (1,598 km2)
 • Land 503 sq mi (1,303 km2)
 • Water 114 sq mi (295 km2), 18.5%
Population
 • (2013) 141,994
 • Density 274/sq mi (106/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website .com.ircgovwww

Indian River County is a county located in the Treasure Coast region in the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 138,028.[1] Its county seat is Vero Beach, Florida.[2] It is Florida's 6th richest county and one of the top 100 richest counties in the U.S.[3]

Indian River County comprises the Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL Combined Statistical Area.

History

Prior to 1821 the area of Indian River County was part of the Spanish colony of East Florida. In 1822 this area became part of St. Johns County, in 1824 it became part of Mosquito County (original name of Orange County), and in 1844 its portion of Mosquito County became part of newly created St. Lucia County. In 1855 St. Lucia County was renamed Brevard County. In 1905 St. Lucie County was formed from the southern portion of Brevard County; in 1925 Indian River County was formed from the northern portion of St. Lucie County.[4] It was named for the Indian River Lagoon, which runs through the eastern portion of the county.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 617 square miles (1,600 km2), of which 503 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 114 square miles (300 km2) (18.5%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 112,947 people, 49,137 households, and 32,725 families residing in the county. The population density was 224 people per square mile (87/km²). There were 57,902 housing units at an average density of 115 per square mile (44/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.43% White, 8.19% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.15% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. 6.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 49,137 households out of which 21.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.50% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.72.

In the county the population was spread out with 19.20% under the age of 18, 6.00% from 18 to 24, 22.30% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 29.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,635, and the median income for a family was $46,385. Males had a median income of $30,870 versus $23,379 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,227. About 6.30% of families and 9.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 5.70% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Bus systems

Goline is Indian River County's main method of public transportation. The program was introduced in 1994, to introduce an alternative option to driving. In the mid-2000s, Indian River county had planned for a series of routes for the Buses from Barefoot bay to the south end of Vero Beach, due to the mass population in the early and mid 2000's. In 2006, Goline (formally Indian River Transit) was introduced with more stops along and through the Treasure Coast. By 2010, it had a total of 14 stops with 3 or 4 more stops planned for 2011/2012. There is no fee to board the bus, though people are encouraged to donate to the system. Currently the times are from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm on Weekdays and from 9:00 am to 3:00 pm on Saturdays. On some routes, there are extended hours.[11] For route listings please refer to this website http://www.golineirt.com [12]

Train

There is a planned Amtrak station in Vero Beach. Details for the meetings for the initial process are on this page.[13] There are also planned stations in Melbourne and Ft. Pierce, connecting the Space Coast and Treasure Coast regions with the rest of the country.[14]

Economy

It is home to general aviation manufacturer Piper Aircraft and Velocity Aircraft [1], CVS distribution Center. Indian River County is home to the world famous Indian River Citrus, a locally harvested fruit, that is sold world wide.[15]

Libraries

Education

Indian River County School District operates public schools. Public high schools include:

Private schools

  • Glendale Christian School
  • Indian River Christian School
  • Master's Academy
  • St. Edwards Lower School
  • St. Edwards Upper School
  • St. Helen's Catholic School
  • Tabernacle Baptist School
  • The Willow School

Colleges and universities

Politics

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic Other
2012 60.8% 38.5% 0.7%
2008 56.7% 42.0% 1.3%
2004 60.2% 39.0% 0.8%
2000 57.7% 39.8% 2.5%

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Florida locations by per capita income
  4. ^ According to the Historical Records and State Archives Surveys, published by Florida Works Progress Administration, and available in the digital historical maps of Florida section of the UF library. And the Indian River County Historian, Ruth Stanbridge
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  11. ^ "Indian River Transit - GoLine Information". GoLineIRT.com. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  12. ^ http://www.golineirt.com/GoLineGuide.pdf
  13. ^ http://www.irmpo.com/Documents/Amtrak.pdf
  14. ^ "Home". irmpo.com. 2012-07-01. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  15. ^ "Indian River Citrus". Indian-river.fl.us. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 

External links

Governmental

  • Board of County Commissioners
    • Indian River County Board of County Commissioners
  • Constitutional Officers
    • Indian River County Clerk
    • Indian River County Supervisor of Elections
    • Indian River County Property Appraiser
    • Indian River County Sheriff
    • Indian River County Tax Collector
  • School District
    • Indian River County School District
  • Multi-county Districts
    • Indian River State College
    • St. Johns River Water Management District
    • Treasure Coast Regional Planning Council
  • Judicial
    • Indian River County Clerk of Courts
    • Public Defender, 19th Judicial Circuit of Florida * State Attorney, 19th Judicial Circuit of Florida
    • Circuit and County Courts for the 19th Judicial Circuit of Florida

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.