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Indonesian Naval Aviation

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Indonesian Naval Aviation

Indonesian Navy
Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Laut

Indonesian Navy insignia
Founded 1945
Country  Indonesia
Type Navy
Role Defence, Patrol and Dominance of Indonesian's coastlines, seas and its territories
Size 74,000 personnels
more than 150 ships
Motto Jalesveva Jayamahe
(Sanskrit, lit:"Victorious on the Sea")
Anniversaries 22 August 1945 (founded)
Engagements Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation
Incorporation of West Papua into Indonesia
Indonesian Invasion of East Timor
Insurgency in Aceh
Navy Chief of Staff Admiral Marsetio[1]
Naval Jack
Naval Aviation Roundel

The Indonesian Navy (Indonesian: Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Laut, TNI–AL) was founded on August 22, 1945. Its role is to patrol Indonesia's immense coastline, to ensure safeguard the territorial waters and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of Indonesia, to protect Indonesia's maritime strategic interests, to protect the islands surrounded Indonesia and to defend against seaborne threats.

The Indonesian Navy is the largest navy in South East Asia based on the number of active personnel and ships. As of 2008, the Indonesian Navy had about 74,000 active personnel and more than 150 ships in active service. The Indonesian Navy is also one of only few navies in the region which are substantially supported by domestic military industries as well as armed with marine corps, supersonic missiles and attack submarines.

All commissioned ships of the TNI-AL have the prefix KRI (Kapal Perang Republik Indonesia), which means Republic of Indonesia warship.


The Indonesian Navy was formed on August 22, 1945. It was formed as the Agency of the People’s Security Sea Service (Badan Keamanan Rakyat-Laut). Later on October 5, 1945, BKR Laut became known as Angkatan Laut Republik Indonesia (ALRI). This was later changed to Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Laut (TNI-AL) in the 1970s.

Total personnel of the Indonesian Navy was estimated at 74,000 in 2008. The Indonesian Navy purchased a number of ships of the Parchim, Frosch and Kondor Class from the former East German Navy in the 1990s. Navy vessels include KRI Cobra and others. In 2006, Indonesian Navy purchased 2 sets of Yakhont missiles and 20 BMP-3F amphibious light tanks with option of 100 more BMP-3 from Russia. Indonesia also plans to buy landing craft from Russia.

The Indonesian Navy is modernizing its fleet. New corvettes ordered from Netherlands are being added.[2] The Navy also plans to induct 60 patrol vessels within a decade to maintain adequate force level while replacing obsolete ships in service. This will help in the fight against sea piracy and other maritime crime.[3]


The navy comprises the following:

  • Headquarters Staff (HQ, Jakarta) under the overall command of the Navy Chief of Staff,
  • Two Fleet Commands :
    • Eastern Fleet Command, in Surabaya, conterminous with Army's KODAM V and KODAMs VII through IX and Air Force's Operation Command II.
    • Western Fleet Command, in Jakarta, conterminous with Army's KODAMs I through IV and VI and Air Force's Operation Command I.
  • Several Naval Main Bases and Naval Bases throughout Indonesia. Apart from the major bases at Surabaya and Jakarta, forward operating bases exist at Kupang, West Timor and Tahuna, Sulawesi.
  • Marine Corps, with two Marine Forces
  • Naval Aviation Center,
  • Military Sealift Command - coordinates the navy's logistical support systems.

Plans exist to have a single HQ at Surabaya, with commands at Riau (West), Papua (East), and Makassar (Central).[4] JDW reported on 12 November 2003 that Admiral Bernard Kent Sondakh, the Chief of Naval Staff, was advocating a plan to merge the two fleets to form a single Main Operations and Administration Defence Command, to be headed by a three-star officer and headquartered at Surabaya.[5]


The majority of the vessels in the Indonesian navy are from the Netherlands and Britain. However, since 2003, Indonesian shipyards have produced many of their own small vessels, in particular those of smaller displacement like patrol boats and fast attack crafts. Recently, two Makassar class LPDs have been launched by PT. PAL, with assistance from Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co.(DSME) of South Korea, and there are a plans to build indigenous missile-armed corvettes (Kornas).

Naval aviation

In the 1960s, the Indonesian Navy Naval Aviation had a long-range strike capability with Indonesian Navy had Il-28 medium bombers. In 1975-79, the Dinas Penerbangan Angkatan Laut (Naval Aviation Service) received 12 GAF Nomad Searchmaster B's and six Searchmaster L twin-turboprops to form a maritime patrol Squadron (800 Skwadron).[6] In mid 1996 six NC.212-MPAs also join the squadron. All aircraft fly from the Naval headquarters base of Surabaya, but detachments are at times sent to Tanjung pinang and Manado.

Commandants of Naval Aviation(Puspenerbal)

List of Naval Aviation(Puspenerbal) Commandants
Rank Name From Until Remarks
First Admiral TNI Sugianto, S.E, M.A.P. - 23 February 2013
First Admiral TNI I Nyoman Nesa 23 February 2013[7] Present

Current aircraft


Aircraft Origin Role Versions In service Note
Beech Bonanza  United States Light Transport G-33 Bonanza 5
de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo  Canada VIP Transport DHC-5D Buffalo 6
GAF Nomad  Australia Light Transport N.24 Nomad 24
CASA C-212 Aviocar  Spain Maritime Patrol & Tactical Transport NC-212 MPA 12
CASA CN-235  European Union
Maritime Patrol & Tactical Transport CN-235 MPA 3 2 ordered[9][10][11]
MBB BO 105  European Union Utility NBO-105 10
Eurocopter EC-120 Colibri  European Union Utility EC-120B Colibri 20
Mil Mi-2 Hoplite  Poland Utility Mi-2A 5
Bell 412  Canada United States Utility Bell 412EP 20[12][13] Licensed production by Indonesian Aerospace
Eurocopter AS565 Panther / AgustaWestland AW159 Wildcat  European Union Anti-submarine helicopter AS565 / AW159 Wildcat 0 11 ordered .[14][15]

Ground forces


The Korps Marinir are the Indonesian Navy's ground troops. It was created on November 15, 1945 and has the duties of being the main amphibious warfare force and quick reaction force of defence against enemy invasion.

Special Forces

  • Komando Pasukan Katak - the primary special operations force of the Indonesian Navy. They are recruited from navy sailors, and they are commonly called as "FROG MAN".
  • Batalion Intai Amfibi - the Marine Corps' Amphibious Reconnaissance Battalion, which also has capability as para-commando. They are recruited from marines corps.
  • Detasemen Jala Mangkara - special operations and counter-terrorism forces of the Indonesian Navy. It is a combined detachment formed from selected personnel of the Navy's Underwater Special Unit (Kopaska) and the Marine Corps' Amphibious Reconnaissance Battalion (KIPAM aka Yontaifib).

Ongoing projects

Ideally, the Navy should have 250 ships, and it has a blueprint up to 2024.[16]

In April 2011, PT PAL, in cooperation with Netherlands' Naval Shipbuilding, started designing a new light frigate for ASW purposes. It will be the largest warship built by PT PAL.[17]

At the same time, Indonesian Navy has accepted a grant of 2 used patrol boats equipped with guided missiles made in Britain from Brunei after upgrading itself with newer vessels. [18]

June 2011: Indonesia will pick submarine from one of three countries: French Scorpène, German Type 209 and South Korean Chang Bogo class Type 209.[19]

December 2011: A contract to build three submarines was signed by Indonesian party and Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering (DSME). 2 submarines will be built in South Korea in cooperation with Indonesian state-owned shipbuilder PT PAL, while the third will be built at PT Pal's facilities. The contract was worth $1.07 billion and construction would start in January 2012 and expected deliveries in 2015 and 2016. The submarines would weigh 1,400 tons and be 61.3 meters long to carry up to 40 crewmembers and have 8 weapons tubes for torpedoes and other weapons. The procurement is an effort to keep pace with other countries in the region and not to match them.[20][21]

January 2012: The Navy had confirmed the order for the 24 guided-missile fast boats to be deployed in shallow waters in the western part of Indonesia and in North Sulawesi which are geographically dotted by small islands and divided by straits. Indonesia has 2 KCR-40s (Kapal Cepat Rudal 40-meter) and the third has being built. KCR-40s was 45 percent locally sourced and is designed and built solely locally, worth Rp 73 billion ($7.98 million) each and has a top speed of 30 knots. The boats are provided with Chinese C-705 anti-ship missiles with a range up to 120 kilometres (75 mi), a 6-barrel 30-millimeter close-in weapons system and two 20-millimeters guns.[22][23][24]

Integrated Maritime Surveillance Systems

With various coast-line radars, Indonesia has one of the world's longest Integrated Maritime Surveillance Systems (IMSS). The network covers more than 1,205 kilometres (749 mi) of coastline in the Straits of Malacca and about 1,285 kilometres (798 mi) of coastline in the Sulawesi Sea.[25]


External links

  • Official website
  • Indonesian Navy ships and equipment (Navy Recognition)
  • ALRI - Navy of the Republic of Indonesia @
  • Indonesian Military Blog

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