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Insulin glulisine

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Insulin glulisine

Insulin glulisine
Clinical data
Trade names Apidra
AHFS/Drugs.com
MedlinePlus
Pregnancy
category
  • US: C (Risk not ruled out)
Legal status
Routes of
administration
Subcutaneous
Identifiers
CAS Registry Number  N
ATC code A10
DrugBank  Y
UNII  N
KEGG  Y
Chemical data
Formula C258H384N64O78S6
Molecular mass 5823 g/mol
 N   

Insulin glulisine is a rapid-acting insulin analogue that differs from human insulin in that the amino acid asparagine at position B3 is replaced by lysine and the lysine in position B29 is replaced by glutamic acid.[1] It was developed by Sanofi-Aventis and sold under the trade name Apidra.[2] When injected subcutaneously, it appears in the blood earlier than human insulin.[3] When used as a meal time insulin, the dose is given within 15 minutes before a meal or within 20 minutes after starting a meal.[4] Intravenous injections may also be used for extreme hyperglycemia, but must be performed under the supervision of a medical professional.[5]

References

  1. ^ DailyMed: apidra (insulin glulisine) injection, solution
  2. ^ Jasek, W, ed. (2007). Austria-Codex (in German) (2007/2008 ed.). Vienna: Österreichischer Apothekerverlag.  
  3. ^ Garnock-Jones, K. P.; Plosker, G. L. (2009). "Insulin Glulisine". Drugs 69 (8): 1035–1057.  
  4. ^ Drugs.com: Insulin Glulisine
  5. ^ "Sanofi Prescription Products" (PDF). Sanofi. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 

External links

  • Apidra Homepage


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