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Internal Security Department (Singapore)

Internal Security Department
Jabatan Keselamatan Dalam Negeri
新加坡内部安全局
Xīn jiā pō nèi bù ān quán jú
Seal of the ISD
Agency overview
Formed 17 February 1966
Preceding agency
  • Special Branch, as part of the Malayan Security Service (1948)
Jurisdiction Government of Singapore
Headquarters New Phoenix Park, 28 Irrawaddy Road, Singapore
Minister responsible
Agency executive
  • Classified
Parent agency Ministry of Home Affairs
Website Official Site

The Internal Security Department (ISD; Chinese: 新加坡内部安全局; pinyin: Xīn jiā pō nèi bù ān quán jú) is a domestic intelligence agency of the Ministry of Home Affairs of Singapore. It was formerly part of the Ministry of Interior and Defence until it was split on 11 August 1970. It has the utmost right to detain without trial individuals suspected to be a threat to national security.

The stated mission is to confront and address security threats, including international terrorism, foreign subversion and espionage. The ISD also monitors and addresses potential threats from communism, prevention of racial tension which might affect the public peace, domestic counterterrorism, international counterterrorism, fraud against the state, surveillance, apprehension of suspected militants or terrorists and protection of Singapore's national borders.

Most of its manpower is based from the Singapore Police Force.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Legislation 2
  • Timeline 3
  • Known Directors 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

ISD was first established as part of the Special Branch in 1948 by the British colonial government. In 1963, it became part of the Malaysian Special Branch when Singapore joined Malaysia. After Singapore gained independence, Internal Security Department was formally established on 17 February 1966.

Legislation

An ISD hotline number on a sticker alongside a SPF hotline number.

The powers of investigation and arrest of the ISD are regulated by several laws, including:[2]

Timeline

These events are related to ISD and internal security of Singapore.

  • 1950, Maria Hertogh riots.
  • 1963, arrest of left-wing politicians and trade unionists during Operation Coldstore.
  • 1964, 21 July - 8 September, race riots, took place on the Prophet Muhammad's birthday.
  • 1965, 10 March, MacDonald House bombing by Indonesian saboteurs killed three people, during the konfrontasi period.
  • 1966, arrest of 22 members of Barisan Sosialis.
  • 1969, communal clashes spillover from the 13 May incident.
  • 1974, 31 January, Laju incident, the Japanese Red Army bombed petroleum tanks at Pulau Bukom and hijacked a ferry boat.
  • 1982, uncovered Singapore People's Liberation Organisation activities.
  • 1982, two Soviet spies, Anatoly Alexeyevich Larkin and Alexander Alexandrovich Bondarev, exposed for espionage activities.[3]
  • 1985, local network of Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam uncovered.
  • 1987, arrest of 22 alleged pro-Marxist activists during Operation Spectrum.
  • 1991, four Pakistanis hijacked Singapore Airlines Flight 117.
  • 1997, 1998, six arrested for involvement in espionage and foreign subversive activities.
  • 2001, 9 December, members of Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) arrested for bomb plots on the American, Australian, British and Israeli embassies.
  • 2008, 27 February, Mas Selamat bin Kastari, alleged leader of JI's Singapore branch, escaped while under the ISD's custody.
  • 2009, 1 April, the Malaysian authorities captured Mas Selamat in Skudai, Johor.
  • 2010, 8 February, the ISD summoned Pastor Rony Tan of Lighthouse Evangelism over video clips posted on the church website that were deemed 'highly inappropriate and unacceptable' as they "trivialised and insulted the beliefs of Buddhists and Taoists".[4]

Known Directors

The identity of ISD's director is not conspicuously made known to the public, until he relinquishes the post. Many of ISD's former directors went on to take up higher offices, including:

See also

References

General
  • Lee Kuan Yew. (1998). The Singapore Story. Federal Publications. ISBN 0-13-020803-5
  • Mathew Jones, "Creating Malaysia: Singapore Security, the Borneo Territories and the Contours of British Policy, 1961-1963" in Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, Vol. 28, No. 2, May 2000. pp. 85–109
Specific
  1. ^ "SOC Listing Of Foreign Intelligence Services". Retrieved 2010-07-12. 
  2. ^ "About ISD". Internal Security Department. Retrieved 2010-07-12. 
  3. ^ Countering Threats", Ministry of Home Affairs""". Retrieved 2013-11-11. 
  4. ^ Pastor called up by ISD", Straits Times""". Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  5. ^ http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/straitstimes19710901-1.2.12.aspx
  6. ^ http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/newnation19740614-1.2.13.aspx
  7. ^ http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/newnation19740614-1.2.13.aspx
  8. ^ http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/straitstimes19820916-1.2.146.aspx
  9. ^ http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/straitstimes19750104-1.2.47.aspx
  10. ^ http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/straitstimes20051108-1.2.8.3.aspx
  11. ^ http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/biztimes19940203-1.2.55.8.1.1.aspx
  12. ^ http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/straitstimes19860704-1.2.7.aspx
  13. ^ http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/newpaper19930219-1.2.6.3.2.aspx
  14. ^ http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/straitstimes19970323-1.2.39.10.aspx
  15. ^ http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/straitstimes19970323-1.2.39.10.aspx
  16. ^ http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/newpaper20031210-1.2.27.7.aspx
  17. ^ http://www.psd.gov.sg/docs/default-source/module/press-release/press-release---appointment-of-head-civil-service-and-permanent-secretaries.pdf
  18. ^ New appointments for other permanent secretaries, The Straits Times, 13 August 2010

External links

  • Internal Security Department
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