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Interstate compact

In the United States of America, an interstate compact is an agreement between two or more states. Article I, Section 10 of the United States Constitution provides that "no state shall enter into an agreement or compact with another state" without the consent of Congress. Consent can be obtained in one of three ways. First, there can be a model compact and Congress can grant automatic approval for any state wishing to join it, such as the Driver License Compact. Second, states can submit a compact to Congress prior to entering into the compact. Third, states can agree to a compact then submit it to Congress for approval, which, if it does so, causes it to come into effect. Not all compacts between states require explicit Congressional approval - the Supreme Court ruled in Virginia v. Tennessee that only those agreements which would increase the power of states at the expense of the federal government required it.

Frequently, these agreements create a new governmental agency which is responsible for administering or improving some shared resource such as a seaport or public transportation infrastructure. In some cases, a compact serves simply as a coordination mechanism between independent authorities in the member states.

Such compacts are distinct from Uniform Acts, which are model statutes produced by non-governmental bodies of legal experts to be passed by state legislatures independently.

Contents

  • Operating agencies created by interstate compact 1
  • Non-operating interstate compacts 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Operating agencies created by interstate compact

Non-operating interstate compacts

See also

References

  1. ^ "Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission: About Us". Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  2. ^ Upper Colorado River Basin Compact of 1948, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, 1948
  3. ^ Connecticut River Valley Flood Control Commission
  4. ^ DRBC Milestones and Accomplishments
  5. ^ DRPA History
  6. ^ "ECS Officers and President:ECS Officers for 2011-13". ECS Official Website. Education Commission of the States. c. 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-02-18. Retrieved 2012-02-19. John Hickenlooper, Chair 
  7. ^ Interstate Commission for Adult Offender Supervision
  8. ^ Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin
  9. ^ Interstate Environmental Commission
  10. ^ Northwest Power and Conservation Council
  11. ^ Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
  12. ^ http://www.owrb.ok.gov/rrccommission/rrccommission.html
  13. ^ Tahoe Regional Planning Agency
  14. ^ Washington Metropolitan Area Transportation Authority
  15. ^ Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Commission
  16. ^ Waterfront Commission of New York Harbor
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