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Irish general election, 1969

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Irish general election, 1969

Irish general election, 1969

18 June 1969

143 of 144 seats in Dáil Éireann
73 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Jack Lynch Liam Cosgrave Brendan Corish
Party Fianna Fáil Fine Gael Labour Party
Leader since 9 November 1966 1965 1960
Leader's seat Cork City North–West Dún Laoghaire and Rathdown Wexford
Last election 72 seats, 47.7% 47 seats, 34.1% 22 seats, 15.4%
Seats before 75 46 19
Seats won 75 50 18
Seat change 0 4 1
Percentage 45.7 34.1% 17.0%
Swing 2.0% 0% 1.6%

Percentage of seats gained by each of the three major parties, and number of seats gained by smaller parties and independents.

Taoiseach before election

Jack Lynch
Fianna Fáil

Subsequent Taoiseach

Jack Lynch
Fianna Fáil

The Irish general election of 1969 was held on 18 June 1969. The newly elected members of the 19th Dáil assembled at Leinster House on 2 July when the new Taoiseach and government were appointed. The general election took place in 42 parliamentary constituencies throughout Ireland for 144 seats in the lower house of parliament, Dáil Éireann.

Contents

  • Campaign 1
  • Result 2
  • First time TDs 3
  • Re-elected TDs 4
  • Outgoing TDs 5
  • By-elections 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8

Campaign

The general election of 1969 saw two new leaders of the two main parties fight their first general election. Jack Lynch of Fianna Fáil became Taoiseach in 1966 and was attempting to win his first election. Liam Cosgrave took charge of Fine Gael in 1965 and was now leading his party into his first election. Brendan Corish was fighting his third general election as leader of the Labour Party.[1]

Fianna Fáil had been in power since 1957 and in spite of media predictions the party was still very popular with the voters. The leader of the party, Jack Lynch, proved to be the party's biggest electoral asset. His quiet, easy-going and reassuring style, coupled with the catchy slogan "Let’s back Jack!" attracted many new voters to Fianna Fáil. The party had introduced many innovative pieces of legislation during the 1960s and was now looking for a fresh mandate. Fianna Fáil were also helped by a deeply divided opposition.

Fine Gael had internal divisions. There was tension between the older conservative members who wanted to keep the party as it was and the younger deputies who wanted to move the party to the left. One of the party's policies proposed to abolish compulsory Irish for State examinations and civil service jobs.

The Labour Party on the other hand were predicted to make massive gains after firmly ruling out a pre-election pact with Fine Gael. The party had fielded a number of new, high-profile candidates, including Justin Keating, Conor Cruise O'Brien, David Thornley, and Noël Browne.[1] The slogan "The Seventies will be Socialist" was popular with Labour supporters; however, Fianna Fáil played the "red card", linking the Labour Party with communism. The tactic worked successfully.

Result

19th Irish general election – 18 June 1969[2][3][4]
Party Leader Seats ± % of
seats
First Pref
votes
% FPv ±%
Fianna Fáil Jack Lynch 75 +3 52.1 602,234 45.7 –2.0
Fine Gael Liam Cosgrave 50 +3 34.7 449,749 34.1 0
Labour Party Brendan Corish 18 –4 12.5 224,498 17.0 +1.6
Irish Workers' Party Michael O'Riordan 0 0 0 242 0.0 0
Independent N/A 1 –1 0.7 42,230 3.2 +1.1
Spoilt votes 16,010
Total 144 0 100 1,334,963 100
Electorate/Turnout 1,735,388 76.9%
  • Fianna Fáil majority government formed.

The result marked a third successive victory for Fianna Fáil, led by Jack Lynch. Fianna Fáil and Fine Gael each lost votes, yet gained seats. Labour gained votes, yet lost seats. It was the last re-election of an Irish government for twenty years, and even in the 1989 general election, Fianna Fáil was only re-elected with a minority in Dáil Éireann.

First time TDs

A total of 37 TDs were elected for the first time:

Re-elected TDs

Outgoing TDs

By-elections

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Kagachi, Chihiro (2002). History of Irish Politics. pp. 133–134. 
  2. ^ "19th Dáil 1969 General Election". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 12 June 2009. 
  3. ^ "Dáil elections since 1918". ARK Northern Ireland. Retrieved 12 June 2009. 
  4. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, pp1009-1017 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
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