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Islam in Besançon

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Islam in Besançon

African Muslims first arrived in Besançon and the Franche-Comté from the 1870s to World War I to augment the French army and protect its frontiers during its conflicts with Germany. During the late 1950s and 1960s, massive immigration of Muslims helped rebuild France from the destruction of World War II and contributed to the industrial expansion of the 1970s. In Besançon, Muslims became integrated into society and worship at local mosques, however the number of imams and Muslim associations were inadequate to serve the community to the 1980s. In 1981, the Center of Islam of the Franche-Comté was created, as the sunna association was formed in 1987. In 2010, Islam was the second largest religion in Besançon after Catholicism. According to a report by France Bleu Besançon in 2010, 15,000 Muslims live in Besançon and comprise about 13% of the city's population.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Colonial soldiers in Franche-Comté 1.1
    • Immigration to Besançon 1.2
    • Integration of the arabs muslims in Besançon 1.3
    • The organisation of a muslim communauty 1.4
    • The seven Islamists 1.5
    • The muslim communaute of Besançon in 21st 1.6
  • Mosques and associations 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

History

Colonial soldiers in Franche-Comté

Muslim cemetery of Saint-Claude, Besançon.

After the

  1. ^ Journal du 11 août 2010 de France Bleu Besançon, à propos du jeûne du Ramadan en France et à Besançon (consulté le 13).
  2. ^ Les coloniaux dans l’histoire militaire du nord-est de la France (1st partie) sur Migrations.Besançon.fr (consulté le 31).
  3. ^ Histoire des soldats coloniaux français sur Histoire-immigration.fr (consulté le 31).
  4. ^ Detailed inventory of Coloniaux, for a total of 565,000 mobilized (including 97,100 killed or missing)
    • 175,000 Algerians (whose 35,000 killed or missing)
    • 40,000 Moroccans (whose 12,000 killed or missing)
    • 80,000 Tunisians (whose 21,000 killed or missing)
    • 180,000 Black Africans (whose 25,000 killed or missing)
    • 41,000 Madagascans (whose 2,500 killed or missing)
    • 49,000 Indo-Chinese (whose 1,600 killed or missing)
    Pascal Blanchard and Sandrine Lemaire, Culture coloniale, la France conquise par son Empire (1873-1931), Éditions Autrement, 2002, page number 117.
  5. ^ Le député de Besançon et l’armée indigène en 1915 sur Migrations.Besançon.fr (consulté le 31).
  6. ^ a b Le député de Besançon et l’armée indigène en 1915 sur le BVV de novembre 2006 (consulté le 1).
  7. ^ Le cimetière militaire de Rougemont sur Racines-Comtoises.net (consulté le 1).
  8. ^ sur Besac.comLes Sentinelles de la Mémoire (consulté le 22).
  9. ^ Évolution des nationalités des étrangers à Besançon de 1945 à 1974 sur Migrations.Besançon.fr (consulté le 21).
  10. ^ Évolution des nationalités des étrangers à Besançon de 1975 à 1999 sur Migrations.Besançon.fr (consulté le 21).

References

See also

The second mosque of Besançon was built at the end of the 1990s, and is called the Sunna mosque. It is located in Saint-Claude area and has a minaret. The city also has a cemetery for the Muslims.

Al-fath association exists since the 2000s (decade) in the French area of Planoise, located in Besançon. This association was hosted in a HLM in the area, and had to move to another building because the HLM was going to be destroyed. Al-Fath association works essentially for the Islamic and civic education, sportive events, releases and travels, assistant at the Muslims for administrative queries. For his removal, the association rent a terrain at the city of Besançon for one symbolic euro, during 99 years. For finance the construction of the building, Al-Fath association appeal the gift at the Muslims of the area. In 2008, the association was reinstalled and the first imam (mister Dahmani) took function.

Mosques and associations

The muslim communaute of Besançon in 21st

The seven Islamists

The organisation of a muslim communauty

Integration of the arabs muslims in Besançon

Nationalities of Muslim immigrants to Besançon between 1946 and 1999[9] · [10]
1946 1954 1962 1968 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1990 1999
Algeria 0 282 1034 1416 1899 2201 3652 3793 3837 3100 2695 2622 1718 2024 1545
Morocco 0 3 - 228 389 639 795 901 934 1134 1251 1231 1473 2057 1300
Tunisia 0 2 - 36 142 241 299 300 297 300 299 332 313 316 288
Turkey 1 3 - - 27 49 120 114 154 282 287 341 327 464 522

Immigration to Besançon

The city of Besançon have two musims cemeteries for the coloniaux deads during the world wars (one in the city and one at short distance) : the Muslims cemetery of Saint-Claude area (twenty tombs[6]) and the military cemetery of Rougemont (2169 tombs).[7] A statue named Les Sentinelles de la Mémoire (The Sentinels of Memory) was also created paying tribute to the foreigner deads for the France during the world wars.[8]

The French state called again the coloniaux for World War II. A commemorative plaque pays tribute for him in the center of Besançon : "In Memory of 14 000 Dead In Fighting the FIRST FRENCH ARMY - African Army (Army B) which, after fighting in Tunisia and Italy, will arrive in Provence with a portion of the American 6th Army Corps, release Toulon and Marseille, then arrive in record time in the Doubs, where the difficulty of supplying the detention of two months. General de Lattre de Tassigny in command of this unit makes your PC Besançon Lecourbe Street, the equation of volunteers from the Resistance (French Forces of the Interior), and African units. In the Doubs PC Montbéliard the Army (the Army called B) take the name of First French Army. On November 14, 1944, it is the offensive that will free the rest of the department of Doubs, Belfort and Alsace, then cross the Rhine and pursue the enemy into Austria. On May 8, 1945 its leader, General de Lattre de Tassigny sign on behalf of France's surrender in Berlin. The arms of Colmar became his badge, the two great rivers of the designation: Rhine and Danube.[6]"

" [5]

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