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Iurie Leancă


Iurie Leancă

Iurie Leancă
Prime Minister of Moldova
Assumed office
31 May 2013
Acting: 25 April 2013 – 30 May 2013
President Nicolae Timofti
Preceded by Vlad Filat
Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration
In office
25 September 2009 – 30 May 2013
Prime Minister Vlad Filat
Preceded by Andrei Stratan
Succeeded by Natalia Gherman
In office
27 July 2001 – 4 September 2001
Prime Minister Vasile Tarlev
Preceded by Nicolae Cernomaz
Succeeded by Nicolae Dudău
Personal details
Born (1963-10-20) 20 October 1963
Cimișlia, Moldova
Political party Liberal Democratic Party (2009–present)
Other political
Alliance for Democracy and Reforms (1998–1999)
Alliance for European Integration (2009–2013)
Pro-European Coalition (May 2013–present)
Spouse(s) Aida Leancă
Children 2
Alma mater Moscow State Institute of International Relations
Religion Eastern Orthodoxy

Iurie Leancă (Romanian pronunciation: ; born October 20, 1963) is a Moldovan politician who has been Prime Minister of Moldova since 2013. He was Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration from 2009 to 2013 as part of the First and Second Filat Cabinet.


  • Early career 1
  • Foreign and European Integration Minister 2
  • Prime Minister 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Early career

Iurie Leancă was born on October 20, 1963, in Cimișlia. His father is Romanian and his mother Bulgarian. He graduated from Moscow State Institute of International Relations and from 1986 until 1993, Leancă worked at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Between May and October 1989, he served as second secretary at the Soviet embassy in Bucharest, Romania, first secretary in the political department of the foreign ministry of the Soviet Moldavia (1989–1990), and counselor of Moldova's Ministry of Foreign Affairs specializing in European affairs (1990–1993).[1]

Before the Communist uprisings in Eastern Europe in 1989, Iurie Leanca worked for the Soviet Embassy in Bucharest. Between 1993 and 1997, he was the Minister-Counselor at the Embassy of the Republic of Moldova in Washington, D.C. Then, he was a deputy Foreign Affairs Minister (1998–1999) and the first deputy Foreign Affairs Minister (1999–2002), in the Alliance for Democracy and Reforms cabinets and in Vasile Tarlev Cabinet (1). Also, he was the acting Foreign Minister of Moldova (27 July — 4 September 2001).

On 2 December 1998, in his capacity as Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, he signed with the United Nations High Commissioner's Representative to Moldova, Oldrich Andrysek, a "Co-operation Agreement between the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the Government of the Republic of Moldova".

Moldovan Communists received a blow when the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg ruled in favor of the Metropolis of Bessarabia in its case against Moldova, on December 13, 2001. On October 2, 2001 the ECHR heard the case, with Minister of Justice Ion Morei representing the Moldovan government and Vlad Cubreacov, a Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party deputy, representing the Bessarabian Metropolitanate. Deputy Foreign Affairs Minister Iurie Leancă took the fall, and, on January 6, 2002 resigned amid charges that he had failed to vet Morei's speech.[2] However, in 2009 Leancă stated that he had resigned following the formation of the Communist government [3]

He worked as the High Commissioner on National Minorities (2005–2007).

He has been a member of the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova (PLDM) since January 2009. He was elected as MP in April 2009 election and July 2009 election.

Leancă was the vice-president of The Foreign Policy Association of Moldova (2005–2009).

Foreign and European Integration Minister

Dmitry Medvedev and Iurie Leancă

Leancă was deputy prime minister and Foreign and European Integration Minister in Vlad Filat Cabinet.[4]

In a press conference on October 21, Leancă announced that official negotiations on the Moldova–EU association agreement will start on January 12, 2010.

He is married to Aida Leancă and has two children.

He speaks Romanian, Russian, English, German, French, Hungarian and Bulgarian.[5]

Prime Minister

He was appointed Acting Prime Minister on 25 April 2013, following the decision of the Moldova Constitutional Court, to prevent the then acting Prime Minister, Vlad Filat, from being reappointed to the position that he had held from 2009. In May 2013, Leancă was proposed by the PLDM as its candidate for Prime Minister. On 15 May, he was designated Prime Minister by the President Nicolae Timofti and invited to form a government. Negotiations continued until 29 May 2013, when the Coalition for a Pro-European Government, alliance between Liberal Democratic Party, Democratic Party and a break-away faction from the Liberal Party (that formed the Liberal Reformists Party), was agreed. The new government received the support of the Parliament with 58 votes on 30 May and was sworn-in on 31 May.


  1. ^ Brezianu, Andrei, Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Moldova. The Scarecrow Press, Inc., Lanham, Maryland, 2000, 112.
  2. ^ "Constitutional Watch. A country-by-country update on constitutional politics in Eastern Europe and the ex-USSR", East European Constitutional Review, Winter/Spring 2002
  3. ^ "Moldovan Optimist", European Voice, 29 November 2009
  4. ^ Guvernul Alianței pentru Integrare Europeană
  5. ^ (Romanian) Victoria Dumbravă, Iurie Leancă și Igor Corman au vorbit maghiara și germana în direct la TV, UniMedia, 4 februarie 2014. Accesat la 4 februarie 2014

External links

  • The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration
  • Government of Moldova
Political offices
Preceded by
Andrei Stratan
Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration
Succeeded by
Natalia Gherman
Preceded by
Vlad Filat
Prime Minister of Moldova
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