World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna

Article Id: WHEBN0024008564
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Christian I of Denmark, Erik Axelsson Tott, Eric and Eric, Magnus III of Sweden, 1460s
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna

Jöns Bengtsson
Archbishop of Uppsala
Primate of Sweden
Seal of Archbishop Jöns Bengtsson, displaying the arms of the Archdiocese of Uppsala (left) and the Oxenstierna family (right)
Church Roman Catholic
Archdiocese Uppsala
Appointed 1448
In office 1448-1467
Predecessor Nicolaus Ragvaldi
Successor Jakob Ulvsson
Orders
Consecration 30 June 1448
Rank Archbishop
Personal details
Born 1417
Sweden
Died 15 December 1467
Öland, Sweden
Nationality Swede
Parents Bengt Jönsson Oxenstierna
Kristina Kristiernsdotter (Vasa)

Jöns Bengtsson (Oxenstierna), in latin known as Johannes Benedicti de Salista, (1417 – 15 December 1467) was a Swedish clergyman, canon law scholar and statesman, Archbishop of Uppsala (1448–1467). He was Regent of Sweden, under the Kalmar Union, in 1457, shared with Erik Axelsson (Tott), and alone 1465–1466.

Biography

Family

Jöns Bengtsson was a member of the illustrious Oxenstierna family, various representatives of which had already become prominent in the public life of Sweden. His father was Privy Councillor Bengt Jönsson Oxenstierna and his mother was Kristina Kristiernsdotter Vasa, daughter of Lord High Justiciar Kristiern Nilsson Vasa.

Education and academic career

He studied at the University of Leipzig and returned in 1438 to Sweden with a magister in artibus degree. On his return he was made Archpriest of the chapter of Uppsala Cathedral. Shortly afterwards his father was made Lawspeaker of the province of Uppland and Castellan of Ringstaholm Castle by the Privy Council. In 1440 he attended the Riksmöte in Arboga where the Danish King Christopher of Bavaria was elected King of Sweden, and took part in two Kalmar Union meetings in 1441 as a Swedish representative.

There are no Swedish sources mentioning Jöns Bengtsson in the period between 1442 and 1447, during which he likely returned to Germany to further his academic studies in canon law. He is mentioned as decretorum baccalaureus and Rector of the University of Leipzig for the summer term of 1445.[1]

Archbishop

Shortly after his father Bengt Jönsson and uncle Nils Jönsson Oxenstierna were named Co-regents, Jöns Bengtsson was elected Archbishop in February 1448. He asked the Council of Basel for a confirmation of his election, and he had himself consecrated (30 June 1448) by his suffragans, the day after they had crowned Charles VIII as King. On 1 July, Bengtsson crowned the queen. The confirmation of his appointment by Pope Nicholas V did not reach him until the ensuing year.

In 1457, as Archbishop of Uppsala, he received from the pope the title of Primate of Sweden; the Archbishops of Lund, however, were permitted to retain their title of Primate of the Church of Sweden.

As Charles, to escape from money troubles, increased taxes and confiscated church property, dissatisfaction spread among clergy and people, and Bengtsson placed himself at the head of the opposition (1457). Entering Uppsala Cathedral, he laid aside his pontifical insignia, took up helmet, breastplate, and sword, and announced his intention not to resume his pontifical robes until Charles should be banished from the country. The King was forced to yield and went into exile in Danzig. Thereupon Christian I of Denmark was formally recognized King of Sweden, and crowned at Stockholm by Bengtsson.

General discontent soon followed, especially when Christian, on becoming heir to his uncle,

Overview

The key to the political activity of Bengtsson is to be found in the ambition that was a part of his character — ambition for his family and his country. There was a strong antagonism between the great Oxenstierna family, to which the archbishop belonged, and the Bonde family, of which the king, supported by the national party, was member. Moreover, the archbishop was aware that the nobility and the leading men of Sweden, before the Union of Kalmar, had in general failed to respect the clergy and the property of the Church. In a union of Sweden with Denmark and Norway, he foresaw a limitation of the power of the Swedish nobles; in his character of archbishop, it was clear to him that such curtailment would be a safeguard to the temporalities of the Church.

References

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain

  1. ^ Gillingstam, Hans (1994) Jöns Bengtsson (Oxenstierna), Svenskt biografiskt lexikon, Band 28 (1992-1994), p. 496, online version retrieved on 17 June 2015.

External links

  • Catholic Encyclopedia article
Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna
Born: 1414 Died: 15 December 1467
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Karl Knutsson
as King of Sweden
Co-regent of Sweden
1457
with Erik Axelsson Tott
Succeeded by
Christian I
as King of Sweden
Preceded by
Kettil Karlsson (Vasa)
Regent of Sweden
1465–1466
Succeeded by
Erik Axelsson Tott
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Nils Ragvaldsson
Archbishop of Uppsala
1448–1467
Succeeded by
Tord Pedersson (Bonde)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.