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Jack St. Clair Kilby

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Jack St. Clair Kilby

Jack Kilby
File:Jack Kilby.jpg
Born (1923-11-08)November 8, 1923
Jefferson City, Missouri, U.S.
Died June 20, 2005(2005-06-20) (aged 81)
Dallas, Texas, U.S.
Nationality United States
Fields Physics, electrical engineering
Institutions Texas Instruments
Alma mater

University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physics
IEEE Medal of Honor

Jack St. Clair Kilby (November 8, 1923 – June 20, 2005) was an American electrical engineer who took part (along with Robert Noyce) in the realization of the first integrated circuit while working at Texas Instruments (TI) in 1958. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 2000.[1]

He is also the inventor of the handheld calculator and the thermal printer.

Life and career

Born in Jefferson City, Missouri, Jack Kilby grew up and attended school in Great Bend, Kansas, graduating from Great Bend High School. Road signs at the entrances to the town commemorate his time there, and the Commons Area at Great Bend High School has been named The Jack Kilby Commons Area.

Kilby received his bachelor of science degree from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he is an honorary member of Acacia Fraternity. In 1947, he received a degree in Electrical Engineering. He obtained his master of science in Electrical Engineering from the University of Wisconsin-Extension in Milwaukee, which later became the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee in 1950, while simultaneously working at Centralab in Milwaukee.

In mid-1958, Kilby was a newly employed engineer at Robert Noyce (who independently made a similar circuit a few months later), Kilby is generally credited as co-inventor of the integrated circuit.

Jack Kilby went on to pioneer military, industrial, and commercial applications of microchip technology. He headed teams that built both the first military system and the first computer incorporating integrated circuits. He later co-invented both the hand-held calculator and the thermal printer that was used in portable data terminals.

In 1970, he took a leave of absence from TI to work as an independent inventor. He explored, among other subjects, the use of silicon technology for generating electrical power from sunlight. From 1978 to 1984, he held the position of Distinguished Professor of Electrical Engineering at Texas A&M University.

From 1978 to 1985, he was Distinguished Professor of Electrical Engineering at Texas A&M University. In 1983, Kilby retired from Texas Instruments.

Kilby died June 20, 2005 when he was 81, in Dallas, Texas, following a brief battle with cancer.

On December 14, 2005, DeGolyer Library, SMU.

In 2008, the SMU School of Engineering, with the DeGolyer Library and the Library of Congress, hosted a yearlong celebration of the 50th anniversary of the birth of the digital age with Jack Kilby’s Nobel Prize-winning invention of the integrated circuit. Symposia and exhibits examined the many ways in which technology and engineers shaped the modern world. Jack Kilby was a holder of an honorary Doctorate of Science from SMU and longtime associate of SMU through the Kilby Foundation.

Awards and honors

Recognition of Kilby’s outstanding achievements have been made by the The Kilby Award Foundation was founded in 1980 in his honor.

He is also the recipient of the nation’s most prestigious honors in science and engineering: the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the National Medal of Technology in 1990. In 1982, he was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

In 1993 he was awarded the prestigious acceptance speech.

Kilby was awarded nine honorary doctorate degrees from Universities including Southern Methodist University, the University of Miami, University of Illinois, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Texas A&M University, Yale and Rochester Institute of Technology. The National Chiao Tung University (NCTU) in Taiwan awarded Kilby with a certificate of Honorary Professorship in 1998.

The Kilby Center, TI's research center for silicon manufacturing, is named after him.

The Jack Kilby Computer Centre at the Merchiston Campus of Edinburgh Napier University in Edinburgh is also named in his honor.[10]

Kilby patents

  • U.S. Patent 2,892,130 Plug-in Circuit Units, filed December 1953, issued June 1959, assigned to Globe-Union, Inc.
  • U.S. Patent 3,072,832 Semiconductor Structure Fabrication, filed May 1959, issued January 1963
  • U.S. Patent 3,115,581 Miniature Semiconductor Integrated Circuit, filed May 1959, issued December 1963
  • U.S. Patent 3,138,721 Miniature Semiconductor Network Diode and Gate, filed May 1959, issued June 1964
  • U.S. Patent 3,138,743 Miniaturized Electronic Circuits, filed February 6, 1959, issued June, 1964
  • U.S. Patent 3,138,744 Miniaturized Self-contained Circuit Modules, filed May 1959, issued June 1964
  • U.S. Patent 3,435,516 Semiconductor Structure Fabrication, filed May 1959, issued April 1969
  • U.S. Patent 3,496,333 Thermal Printer, filed October 1965, issued February 1970
  • U.S. Patent 3,819,921 Miniature Electronic Calculator, originally filed September 1967, issued June 1974

See also

  • Geoffrey Dummer, the British engineer who first conceived the idea of the integrated circuit.

Notes

References

  • Berlin, Leslie The man behind the microchip: Robert Noyce and the invention of Silicon Valley Publisher Oxford University Press US, 2005 ISBN 0-19-516343-5
  • Lécuyer, Christophe. Making Silicon Valley: Innovation and the Growth of High Tech, 1930-1970 Published by MIT Press, 2006.ISBN 0262122812
  • Nobel lectures, World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore, 2000.

External links

  • "Jack St. Clair Kilby: A Man of Few Words", biography by Ed Millis.
  • "Story of the Microchip", by Minesh Rai
  • "Video about Jack Kilby", video presentation from Texas Instruments.
  • "Jack St. Clair Kilby", biography by Texas Instruments.
  • Fairchild Corporation and his independent work after leaving TI in 1970.
  • "Jack Kilby, Touching Lives on Micro and Macro Scales - By T.R. Reid", The Washington Post (June 2005).
  • Obituary: The Economist, Jul 7th 2005
  • Find a Grave
  • Nobelprize.org posts Mr Kilby’s Nobel lecture
  • Jack S. Kilby, Autobiography in English
  • Jack S. Kilby Patents
  • Inventors of the Modern Computer
  • Nobel Prize in Physics 2000
  • Kilby statue in Great Bend
  • KERA profiling Kilby
  • ", Tribute to Jack Kilby"], Dream 2047, November 2005

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