World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jainism in Pakistan

Article Id: WHEBN0034310490
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jainism in Pakistan  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Jainism in Southeast Asia, Jainism in Nepal, Jainism in Hong Kong, Jainism in Pakistan, Sectarianism in Pakistan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Jainism in Pakistan

A Jain Temple at Sirkap, part of the Indo-Greek kingdom, near modern day Taxila, Punjab, Pakistan

Jainism in Pakistan has an extensive heritage and history, although Jains form a very small community in the Islamic Republic today.

Baba Dharam Dass

Baba Dharam Dass was a holy man whose tomb is located near the bank of a creek called (Deoka or Deokay or Degh) near Chawinda Phatic, behind the agricultural main office in Pasrur, near the city of Sialkot in Punjab, Pakistan.


Bhabra (or Bhabhra) is an ancient merchant community from Punjab which mainly follows Jainism.[1][2]

The original home region of the Bhabras is now in Pakistan. While practically all the Bhabras have left Pakistan, many cities still have sections named after Bhabras.

  • Sialkot: All the Jains here were Bhabra and mainly lived in Sialkot and Pasrur. The Serai Bhabrian and Bhabrian Wala localities are named after them. There were several Jain temples here before partition of India.[3]
  • Pasrur: Pasrur was developed by a Jain zamindar who was granted land by Raja Maan Singh. Baba Dharam Dass belonged to the zamindar family who was murdered on a trading visit.[4]
  • Gujranwala: Two old Jain libraries managed by Lala Karam Chand Bhabra were present here which were visited by Ramkrishna Gopal Bhandarkar.[5]
  • Lahore: There were Jain temples at localities still called Thari Bhabrian and Gali Bhabrian.[6]
  • Mianwali: A well known cast still present in majority there nowadays.

Some also lived in Sindh.[7]

Jain temples


  • Jain Shwetambar Temple with Shikhar, Thari Bhabrian Lahore City.
  • Jain Digambar Temple with Shikhar, Thari Bhabrian Lahore City.
  • Jain Shwetambar Dada Wadi (Mini Temple), Guru Mangat in Lahore Cantt., foot prints in stone.
  • Jain Digambar Temple with Shikhar, Old Anarkali Jain Mandir Chawk:[8] This temple was destroyed in the riots of 1992.[9] Now an Islamic school is run from the former temple.[10][11]


Jain community

Prior to 1947, there were small communities of Jains in the Punjab and Sindh regions. Most of them migrated to India after the partition of India.[15]

Notable people

Prominent Jains from Pakistan (includes pre-partition Jains):


  1. ^ Final Report of Revised Settlement, Hoshiarpur District, 1879-84 By J. A. L. Montgomery, p. 35
  2. ^ Census of India, 1901 By India Census Commissioner, Sir Herbert Hope Risley, p. 137-140
  3. ^ Gazetteer of the Sialkot District, 1920 - Page 51
  4. ^ Baba Dharam Dass Tomb in Pasrur
  5. ^ The two Jain Libraries at Gujranwala by Ramkrishna Gopal Bhandarkar in A Catalogue of Sanskrit Manuscripts in the Library of the Deccan College, by Deccan College Library, Franz Kielhorn- 1884 -- Page 12
  6. ^ "jainrelicsinpakistan - abafna". Retrieved 2012-04-20. 
  7. ^ A gazetteer of the province of Sindh by Albert William Hughes - 1876, - Page 224
  8. ^ TEPA to remodel roads leading to Jain Mandir Chowk
  9. ^ Ghauri, Aamir (5 December 2002). "Demolishing history in Pakistan". BBC News. 
  10. ^ Wikimapia
  12. ^ A ravaged Jain temple corroding away with time, Daily Times (Pakistan)
  13. ^ Malaiya, Yashwant K (18 May 2012). "As Mumbai Jain temple wraps up celebrations, silence shrouds its predecessor in Pakistan". Express Tribune. Retrieved 19 May 2012. 
  14. ^ a b List of Jain temples in Pakistan, Jain World
  15. ^ Kaminsky, Arnold P.; Long, Roger D. (2011). India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. ABC-CLIO. p. 372.  
  • Baba Dharam Dass Tomb in Pasrur
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.