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James, Duke of Braganza

Jaime I
D. Jaime I; Ducal Palace of Vila Viçosa
Duke of Braganza
Tenure 20 June 1483 - 20 September 1532
Predecessor Fernando II
Successor Teodósio I
Spouse Leonor of Pérez de Guzmán
Joana of Mendoça
Issue
Isabella, Duchess of Guimarães
Teodósio I
Constantino, 7th Viceroy of India
House House of Braganza
Father Fernando II
Mother Isabella of Viseu
Born 1479
Vila Viçosa, Alentejo, Kingdom of Portugal
Died 20 September 1532
Vila Viçosa, Alentejo, Kingdom of Portugal
Religion Roman Catholicism

Dom Jaime I of Braganza (1479 – 20 September 1532) was the 4th Duke of Braganza and the 2nd Duke of Guimarães, among other titles. He is known for reviving the wealth and power of the House of Braganza, which was confiscated by King João II of Portugal.

Life

Born in 1479, Jaime was young when he witnessed the arrest and execution of his father, Fernando II, Duke of Braganza, and of his uncle, Diogo I of Beja and Viseu. They were both executed for treason, when King João II of Portugal discovered a plot among the nobility against the Crown. After his father's death, Jaime's family, the House of Braganza, were banished to Castile and their properties and vast wealth were seized by the Portuguese Crown.

After King João II's death in 1495, the throne passed to João II's cousin, Manuel, Duke of Beja and Viseu. In 1498, Manuel I, having been a powerful nobleman before his ascension to the throne, forgave the House of Braganza and welcomed them back to Portugal. He returned all their possessions and then some, but demanded devout loyalty from the Duke of Braganza, Jaime I. With all his wealth returned, Jaime I saw to demonstrate the power of the House of Braganza by building the Ducal Palace of Vila Viçosa, a sumptuous Portuguese Renaissance palace in the Alentejo province of Portugal.

Royal Favour

Later in 1498, Manuel I was to go on a trip of duty to Castile, but at the time Manuel I had no heirs to throne, and Portugal had just seen a sort of succession crisis when Manuel I came to the throne. As Jaime I was the son of Isabel of Beja and Viseu, Manuel I's sister, Manuel I had the parlamentry cortes name Jaime I as heir presumptive to the throne of Portugal, a sign of true loyalty to the king, of which Jaime I accepted.

Jaime I married Leonor Pérez de Guzmán y Pérez de Guzmán, daughter of Juan Alfonso Pérez de Guzmán, 3rd Duke of Medina Sidonia. She was murdered in 1512, as per order by Jaime I for he suspected her of adultery. To escape imprisonment, Manuel I demanded Jaime I to prepare a fleet, funded solely by the Duke, to conquer the city of Azamor, on the Moroccan Atlantic coast. The city was easily conquered Duke's forces and he returned to Portugal forgiven and a hero.

Marriages and Children

In 1500, Jaime I married Leonor of Pérez de Guzmán, daughter of Juan Alfonso Pérez de Guzmán, 3rd Duke of Medina Sidonia. They had two children before she was killed in 1512.

Name Birth Death Notes
Isabel 1514 16 September 1576 Married Duarte I, Duke of Guimarães
Teodósio I 1510 22 September 1563 12th Count of Barcelos, 9th Count of Ourém, 6th Count of Arraiolos and Neiva, 5th Duke of Braganza, 4th Marquis of Vila Viçosa

In 1520, Jaime I married Joana of Mendoça, daughet of Diogo of Mendonça, High-Alcaide of Mourão. They had eight children, most of whom saw successful lives.

Name Birth Death Notes
Joana 1521 1588 Married Bernardino de Cardenas, 3rd Marquis of Elche
Jaime 1523 1562 Clergyman
Eugénia 1525 1559 Married Francisco de Melo, 2nd Marquis of Ferreira
Maria 1527 1586 Abbes at the Monastery of the Five Wounds of Vila Viçosa
Constantino 1528 1575 7th Viceroy of India, 9th Captain of Ribeira Grande
Fulgêncio 1529 1582 Grand-Prior of the Collegiate of Guimarães
Teotónio 1530 1602 Archbishop of Évora, Bishop of Fez, parliamentary member of the Portuguese Cortes of Tomar (1581) and Lisbon (1583)
Vicência 1532 1603 Abbes at the Monastery of the Five Wounds of Vila Viçosa

Ancestry

See also

  • List of Dukes of Braganza

Bibliography

  • ”Nobreza de Portugal e do Brasil” – Vol. II, page 442 to 445. Published by Zairol Lda., Lisbon 1989.
  • Genealogy of Jaime, 4th Duke of Braganza, in Portuguese

External links

Jaime I, Duke of Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of Aviz
Born: 1479 Died: 1532
Portuguese nobility
Preceded by
Fernando II
Duke of Braganza and Guimarães;
Marquis of Vila Viçosa; Count of Barcelos,
Ourém, Neiva, and Arraiolos

1498–1532
Succeeded by
Teodósio I

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