World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

James Gregory (physician)

Article Id: WHEBN0008918610
Reproduction Date:

Title: James Gregory (physician)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: University of Edinburgh Medical School, Donald Gregory, Duncan Farquharson Gregory, Matthew John Tierney, John Abercrombie (physician)
Collection: 1753 Births, 1821 Deaths, 18Th-Century Scottish Medical Doctors, 19Th-Century Scottish Medical Doctors, Academics of the University of Edinburgh, Alumni of Christ Church, Oxford, Alumni of the University of Aberdeen, Alumni of the University of Edinburgh, Burials at the Kirk of the Canongate, Founder Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Leiden University Alumni, Members of the Institut De France, Members of the Philosophical Society of Edinburgh, People Educated at Aberdeen Grammar School, People from Aberdeen, Scottish Classical Scholars
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

James Gregory (physician)

James Gregory

James Gregory FRSE FRCPE (January 1753 – 2 April 1821) was a Scottish physician and classicist.


  • Early life and education 1
  • Medicine in Edinburgh 2
  • Works 3
  • Marriages 4
  • References 5

Early life and education

He was the eldest son of John Gregory (1724–1773) and Elizabeth Forbes (died 1761), and was born in Aberdeen. He was educated at Aberdeen Grammar School, King's College, University of Aberdeen, the University of Edinburgh (MD 1774), the University of Oxford, and Leyden University.

He accompanied his father to Edinburgh in 1764, and after going through the usual course of literary studies at that university, he was for a short time a student at Christ Church, Oxford. It was there probably that he acquired that taste for classical learning which afterwards distinguished him. He studied medicine at Edinburgh, and, after graduating doctor of medicine in 1774, spent the greater part of the next two years in Leiden, Paris, and in Italy.

Medicine in Edinburgh

Dr. Gregory bust in Edinburgh University's Old College.

Shortly after his return to Scotland he was appointed in 1776 to the chair his father had formerly held, and in the following year he also entered on the duties of teacher of clinical medicine in the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.

On the illness of William Cullen in 1790 he was appointed joint-professor of the practice of medicine, and he became the head of the School of Medicine at the University of Edinburgh on the death of Dr. Cullen in the same year.

As a medical practitioner Gregory was for the last ten years of his life at the head of the profession in Scotland (for part of which time he was in partnership with Thomas Brown, M.D.).

He was at one time president of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, but his indiscretion in publishing certain private proceedings of the college led to his suspension on the 13 May 1809 from all rights and privileges which pertained to the fellowship.


Besides his Conspectus medicinae theoreticae, published in 1788 as a text-book for his lectures on the institutes, Gregory was the author of "A Theory of the Moods of Verbs", published in the Edin. Phil. Trans. (1787), and of Literary and Philosophical Essays, published in two volumes in 1792.


He married twice. His first wife, Mary Ross, died in 1784. They had no children.

In 1796 he married Isabella Macleod (1772–1847). They had eleven children: John (1797–1869); Hugh (1799–1811); James Craufurd (1801–1832); Duncan Farquharson Gregory (1813–1844); and Isabella (1816–1818).



This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.