World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

James Smith First Nation

Article Id: WHEBN0015522781
Reproduction Date:

Title: James Smith First Nation  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cree, James Smith, Treaty 6, List of Indian reserves in Saskatchewan, Muskoday First Nation, SaskPower, Fort de la Corne
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

James Smith First Nation

The James Smith First Nation is a Cree First Nation in Saskatchewan, Canada. James Smith has one Indian Reserve Fort à la Corne #100 located north of Kinistino, Saskatchewan near Fort de la Corne on the Saskatchewan River. This reserve is shared between three first nations, the other two being the Peter Chapman First Nation and Chakastaypasin First Nation. James Smith has a present population of 2,412, with the on-reserve population estimated to be at 1,592 members. James Smith is part of the Prince Albert Grand Council. Bordering the reserve are the rural municipalities of Kinistino No. 459 and Torchwood No. 488, as well as the Cumberland 100A Indian reserve.

Background and diversity of bands

Current Chiefs: Robert Head, Calvin Sanderson, Wally Burns

The First Nation takes its name after Chief James Smith, a brother of Chief John Smith who founded the Muskoday First Nation.

James Smith signed Treaty Six at Fort Carlton in 1876. The population at the time of the signing was 134 members or 32 families. The original language spoken was Cree. James Smith, alongside John Smith, migrated to the area from the Red River district of Manitoba, and his Cree name has been recorded as `Notaw(k)eecheekanis'.

However, the term `nihtawikhicikanis means 'good growing area' and is better applied to the community rather than the chief.

The Chakastaypasin First Nation later joined the people of James Smith following the dissolution of their reserve near St. Louis, Saskatchewan after the Saskatchewan Rebellion (a process of presumably forced relocation vaguely assigned to "the late 1880s").[1] As they are separate signatories to Treaty 6, the Chakastapaysin do have some legal status as a separate nation, but their status as a separate First Nation remains in limbo, with an inquiry looming since 1999.[1]

The people of the Peter Chapman First Nation were incorporated into the same band in 1902, but they are generally recognized as a separate band, with their legal status disputed both in court and by an ongoing commission of inquiry.[2] Recently the three nations who had been forced under one government by the name of James Smith decided to separate into their founding bands.

The Margaret Turner Health Clinic, named after Margaret Turner in memory of her health work in the 1980s-90s, is located in the Middle Village.

The Bernard Constant Community School (BCCS) formerly known as James Smith School was renamed after teacher Bernard Constant in the 1990s. The James Smith School was originally in the South Village but in 1991 it was torn down and the new school was built in the Middle Village which opened on May 2, 1992. Buildings from the 1980s-90s were demolished, due to the lack of funds, but the South Hockey Ring was left.

See also

References

External links

  • Prince Albert Grand Council site on James Smith
  • Government of Saskatchewan site on James Smith
  • Map of James Smith 100 at Statcan

Coordinates: 53°08′09″N 104°52′16″W / 53.13583°N 104.87111°W / 53.13583; -104.87111

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.