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Javad Khan

Jafar al-Javad Khan Ziyad oghlu Qajar (c. 1748 – 1804) was the last khan of Ganja khanate from 1786 to 1804.[1]


Javad Khan was a son of khan of Karabakh brokered peace. In September 1796 Ganja was temporarily occupied by the Russian general Valerian Zubov during his Persian Expedition of 1796.[1]

During the first Russo-Persian War (1804-1813), Ganja was considered by Russians as a town of foremost importance. General Pavel Tsitsianov approached Javad khan several times asking him to submit to Russian rule, but each time was refused. In November 1803, the Russian army moved from Tiflis and in December, Tsitsianov started the siege preparations. After heavy artillery bombardment, on January 3, 1804, Tsitsianov gave the order to attack the fortress.[2] After fierce fighting the Russians were able to capture the fortress. Javad khan was killed,[2] together with his sons at war.

Javad Khan's handwritten letter to Tsitsianov

Javad Khan's handwritten letter (or his Secretary) to Tsitsianov :


  1. ^ a b Akopyan, Alexander V (Autumn 2008). "Ganja Coins of Georgian Types, AH 1200–1205". Journal of the Oriental Numismatic Society 197 (Supplement: Caucasian Numismatics, Papers on the Coinage of Kartl-Kakheti (Eastern Georgia), 1744-1801): 47–52. 
  2. ^ a b Swietochowski, Tadeusz (1995). Russia and Azerbaijan: A Borderland in Transition.  
Preceded by
Rahim Khan
Khan of Ganja
Succeeded by
Russian conquest
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