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Jean-François Varlet

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Title: Jean-François Varlet  
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Subject: Insurrection of 31 May – 2 June 1793, French Revolution, Enragés, Law of 22 Prairial, Assembly of Vizille
Collection: 1764 Births, 1837 Deaths, Enragés, Politicians from Paris
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Jean-François Varlet

Jean-François Varlet (1764, Paris – 1837) was a leader of the Enragé faction in the French Revolution

Born in Paris on 14 July 1764 into a family of the petty bourgeoisie, Jean-François Varlet studied at the College d'Harcourt.

He welcomed with enthusiasm the Revolution,wrote patriotic songs, signed petitions, including that of the Champ de Mars on 17 July 1791.

On 24 May 1793 , he was arrested along with Jacques-René Hébert, but was triumphantly released three days later. He then laid on preparations for the insurrections of 31 May 1793 and 2 June 1793.

In various writings published in 1792 and 1793, he is a proponent of direct democracy and the redistribution of property. He classed himself with Jacques Roux and others in the Enragés party.

Arrested again in September 1793, he was released on 29 October 1793; arrested yet again after the fall of Robespierre, he spent almost a year in prison.

He became a Bonapartist after 1800 and lived some time in Nantes. He welcomed the fall of Charles X. He died by drowning at Corbeil-Essonnes on 4 October 1837.

Publications

  • Aux Mânes de Marat, 1790 - 1830
  • Déclaration solennelle des droits de l’homme dans l’état social
  • Gare l’explosion, 1794
  • Magnanimité de l’Empereur des Français envers ses ennemis, à l’occasion de la nouvelle déclaration des Puissances, 1814
  • Le panthéon français, 1795
  • Projet d’une caisse patriotique et parisienne, 1789
  • Vœux formés par des Français libres, 1785 - 1795
  • Vœux formés par des Français libres, 1785 - 1795
  • Vœux formés par des Français libres, ou Pétition manifeste d’une partie du souverain à ses délégués pour être signée sur l’autel de la patrie et présenté [sic] le jour où le peuple se lèvera en masse pour résister à l’oppression avec les seules armes de la raison
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