World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jean Alaux

Article Id: WHEBN0014762994
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jean Alaux  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: War of the Spanish Succession, Prix de Rome, 1864 in art, Académie des Beaux-Arts, French Academy in Rome, 1785 in art, Battle of Villaviciosa
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Jean Alaux

Not to be confused with Jean-Paul Alaux.

Jean Alaux, called "le Romain" ("the Roman"), (1785 – 2 March 1864) was a French history painter and Director of the French Academy in Rome from 1846-52.[1]


Alaux was born in Bordeaux, the son of a painter, and the second of four brothers who were all themselves painters. he received his first lessons in art from his father, but went on to formal training with Pierre Lacour, then Pierre-Narcisse Guérin. He was admitted to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1807. From 1808 he entered works for the Prix de Rome but his energies were diverted when his elder brother, Jean-Francois Alaux (1783–1858), asked him to help with a large "neorama" (a type of Panorama) he was working on. Jean eventually won the Prix de Rome's first prize in 1815, with a work entitled "Briseis weeping over the body of Patroclus", a scene inspired by The Iliad of Homer. He subsequently became a pensionnaire at the French Academy in Rome from 1816 to 1820 (later becoming its director).[1]

Amongst his fellow artists at the Academy were luminaries such as Drolling, Picot and Gogniet, and sculptors such as D'Angers, Pradier and Ramey; he became a friend of Ingres. His first painting there was "Cadmus killing the dragon at the fountains of Dirce". It was later purchased by the Duke of Orleans but destroyed in the fire which engulfed the Palais-Royal in the French Revolution of 1848. He also painted, there, "Diamedes carrying off the palladium" and "Episodes in the combats between the centaurs and the Lapithes". In 1821, he returned to France, where his reputation steadily grew with works such as "The Baptism of Clovis" (1825), "States General of 1838", "The Assembly of the notables at Rouen in 1596" and "States General 1614".[1] Under the July Monarchy, he worked at the "Galerie des batailles" at the Château de Versailles, for which he painted The Battle of Villaviciosa (1836); The Capture of Valenciennes (1837); The Battle of Denain (1839).

He was appointed director of the French Academy in Rome in 1846 and was caught up in the siege of Rome of 1849, involving defending Italian forces under Garibaldi and the invading French army; he and the students were forced to temporarily flee the city for France. His directorship ended, quietly, in 1852.[1]

Alaux died in Paris on 2 March 1864.[1]


External links

  • Paintings by Alaux (Insecula)
  • Christies)
  • The atelier of Ingres in Rome (Christie's)

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.