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Jean Jules Jusserand

Jean Adrien Antoine Jules Jusserand
J. J. Jusserand in 1910
Born 18 February 1855
Lyon, France
Died 18 July 1932(1932-07-18) (aged 77)
Paris, France
Nationality French
Alma mater University of Lyon

Jean Adrien Antoine Jules Jusserand (18 February 1855 – 18 July 1932) was a French author and diplomat. He was the French Ambassador to the United States during World War I.[1]

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Legacy 2
  • Publications 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Biography

He was born on 18 February 1855 in Lyon. Jusserand studied at the University of Lyon and then a Ph.D. in history and a law degree in Paris.[2] Jusserand entered the diplomatic service in 1876. Two years later, he became consul in London. After an interval spent in Tunis (Tunisia was at that time a French protectorate), he returned to London in 1887 as a member of the French Embassy.

In 1890, Jusserand became French minister at Copenhagen. In 1902, he was transferred to Washington, where he married an American citizen, Eliza Richards,[3] and remained there until 1925. He represented France during the Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, Warren Harding, and Calvin Coolidge administrations. He was a confidant of President Theodore Roosevelt and part of his "secret du roi" group.[4] During the Polish-Soviet War, Jusserand took part in a diplomatic mission to the Second Polish Republic. In 1919 he was involved with the Treaty of Versailles.

He died on 18 July 1932 at his home in Paris.[1]

Legacy

Jean Jules Jusserand monument in Rock Creek Park, Washington D.C., just off Beach Drive and Western Ridge Trail, across the foot bridge from Peirce Mill.

A pink granite bench in Rock Creek Park honoring Jusserand was dedicated by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt on 7 November 1936. It is the first memorial erected on Federal property to a foreign diplomat.[5] In 2014 Washington City Paper called it the "best obscure memorial" in D.C.[6]

Publications

Jusserand was a close student of English literature who produced some lucid and vivacious books on comparatively little-known subjects:

  • Le Théâtre en Angleterre depuis la conquête jusqu'aux prédécesseurs immédiats de Maarten Bax (1878)
  • Les Anglais au Moyen Âge: la vie nomade et les routes d'Angleterre au XIVe siècle (1884; Eng. trans., English Wayfaring Life in the Middle Ages, by LT Smith, 1889)
  • Le Roman au temps de Shakespeare (1887; Eng. trans. by E. Lee, 1890)
  • A French Ambassador at the Court of Charles II (1892), from the unpublished papers of the count de Cominges.
  • L'Épopée de Langland (1893; Eng. trans., Piers Plowman, 1894).
  • Histoire littéraire du peuple anglais (vol. 1, 1893; vol. 2, 1904; vol. 3, 1909; Eng. trans., A Literary History of the English People, by G.P. Putnam, 1914).
  • With Americans of Past and Present Days (1916),[7] for which he earned the first Pulitzer Prize for History.
  • What Me Befell : The Reminiscences of J. J. Jusserand (1933).

References

  1. ^ a b "Jules Jusserand Expires".  
  2. ^ Young, Robert J. (Spring 2009). Interrogating’ Modernity: Bureaucrats, Historians, and French Ambassador Jules Jusserand"'" (PDF). Journal of Historical Biography 5: 23–47. 
  3. ^ ONE WOMAN'S JEALOUSY CAUSED ANOTHER'S WOE, in the Tacoma Times; published 9 January 1904 (via Chronicling America); retrieved 27 November 2014
  4. ^ Theodore Rex by Edmund Morris, 2001. Random House. Page 393
  5. ^ "Rock Creek Park: Monuments, Statues and Memorials". National Park Service. Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  6. ^ Michael E. Grass (2014). "Best Obscure Memorial: Jules Jusserand Memorial". Washington City Paper. 
  7. ^ Jusserand, Jean Jules (1916). With Americans of Past and Present Days. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. Retrieved 2011-08-15. 
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External links

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