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Title: Jessonda  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Louis Spohr, Cheryl Studer, Faust (Spohr), Music encyclopedia topics/23, Meanings of minor planet names: 501–1000
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Jessonda is a grand opera (Grosse Oper) in German by Louis Spohr, written in 1822. The German libretto was written by Eduard Gehe.

Spohr, who wrote the work in 1822, had been newly appointed Hofkapellmeister in Kassel. He had reservations about Weber's recently performed Der Freischütz, and sought a subject that was poetic and uncomplicated, avoiding, in his setting, any spoken dialogue. He was opposed to the use of speech on mundane subjects in an operatic context. Ballets and spectacle were provided in set pieces that might also attract ordinary theatre-goers, in a German form of grand opera.


  • Performance history 1
  • Roles 2
  • Synopsis 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5

Performance history

The first performance was at the Kurfürstliches Hoftheater in Kassel on 28 July 1823 under the direction of the composer.

This opera was performed regularly up to about 1860. While the overture to Jessonda may be heard today in concert performance, the opera itself no longer holds the place it once did in the operatic repertoire.


Role Voice type Premiere cast[1]
28 July 1823
(Conductor: Louis Spohr)
Jessonda, widow of a Rajah soprano Katinka Braun / Wilhelmine Schröder-Devrient
Amazili, her sister soprano Sophie Roland/Beltheim
Nadori, a young Brahmin tenor Samuel Friedrich Gerstäcker
Pedro Lopez, Portuguese colonel tenor Johann Gottfried Bergmann
Tristan d'Acunha, Portuguese general baritone Franz Hauser/Keller
Dandau, chief Brahmin bass Eduard Berthold /€Friedrich Sebastian Mayer
Indian officer tenor Johann Ludwig Tourny
First dancer soprano
Second dancer soprano


In this opera the heroine, Jessonda, widow of the Rajah, must be burned to death on his funeral pyre. Before her marriage she had been in love with a Portuguese general. A young Brahmin, Nadori, is sent from the Hindu temple to bring Jessonda the order for her death, as dictated by their customs. However, he falls in love with her sister, Amazili.

The Portuguese forces that are camped outside the city are led by Tristan d'Acunha, who has sworn that Indian customs will be preserved. Nadori has vowed to save Jessonda and Tristan now discovers that she is his long lost love. The Indian breach of the truce allows Tristan to act and Jessonda is rescued in the nick of time, before Dandau, the chief Brahmin, can carry out the intended sacrifice.


  1. ^ "Almannaco 28 July 1823" (in Italian). AmadeusOnline. Retrieved 8 September 2010. 


  • Louis Spohr: A Critical Biography by Clive Brown ISBN 0-521-02905-8, published by CUP.
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