World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

John Chupco

Article Id: WHEBN0006756498
Reproduction Date:

Title: John Chupco  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Native Americans in the American Civil War, 1820s births, Reconstruction Treaties, Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, History of Cleveland County, Oklahoma
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

John Chupco

John Chupco
Born 1821
Died February 17, 1881(1881-02-17)
Seminole Nation of Oklahoma
Nationality Seminole Nation of Oklahoma
Ethnicity Seminole
Occupation chief, sergeant, farmer, rancher
Organization Hvteyievike Band
Height 2.0066 m (6 ft 7 in)[1]
Religion Christian[1]
Denomination Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)[1]

John Chupco (ca. 1821–1881) was a leader of the Hvteyievike, or Newcomer, Band of the Seminole during the time of their forced relocation to Indian Territory.[1] They were the last group to move from Florida to Indian Territory.

From 1861 to 1866, Chupco served as chief of the Seminole who supported the Union; they removed to Kansas for safety. There was great bitterness when the tribe divided over their loyalties during the war, with many supporting the Confederacy. Afterward Chupco and his band returned to Indian Territory, working to rebuild the tribe.


  • Early life and education 1
  • Career 2
  • Death 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life and education

John Chupco was born in Florida. He grew up in traditional ways.


By the time of the Seminole forced relocation, Chupco was chief of the Hvteyievike Band, which he led from Florida to Indian Territory under Indian Removal.

In 1861 when the American Civil War began, Chupco served as town chief. He refused to sign a treaty between the Seminole and the Confederate States of America.[1] The Seminole leadership and members split, as did the Cherokee.

Chupco's tribal town followed Opothleyahola, the Muscogee Creek leader loyal to the Union, and they relocated to Kansas for safety. There Chupco enlisted in the Union Army and ultimately became a first sergeant in Company F, First Regiment, Indian Home Guard.[1] From 1861-1866, Chupco served as chief of the Seminole who supported the Union.

After the war, he served as a Southern Treaty Commission Deligate. John Jumper led the Seminoles who had been allied with the Confederacy;[1] because of their actions, the United States insisted on a new treaty with the tribe after the war. The split between these Seminole groups lasted until 1872, at which time the majority of the tribe elected Jumper as chief.

During Reconstruction, Chupco encouraged his tribe to rebuild their nation. In 1869, he joined the Presbyterian Church congregation in Wewoka, Oklahoma. He became a farmer and rancher and resisted the creation of Oklahoma Territory, concerned that opening up the area to European-American settlement would damage the future of the Seminole.[1]


John Chupco died on February 17, 1881 in the Seminole Nation.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i May, Jon D. "Chupco, John (ca. 1821–1881)." Oklahoma Historical Society's Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Retrieved 29 Jan 2012.


  • "Hvteyievike Band." Accessed 08/29/06.
  • "Seminole Nation Leaders." Accessed 12/06/06.

External links

  • US Treaty with the Seminole 1866
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.