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John Moses (American politician)

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John Moses (American politician)

John Moses
United States Senator
from North Dakota
In office
January 3, 1945 – March 3, 1945
Preceded by Gerald Nye
Succeeded by Milton Young
22nd Governor of North Dakota
In office
January 5, 1939 – January 4, 1945
Lieutenant Jack A. Patterson
Oscar W. Hagen
Henry Holt
Clarence P. Dahl
Preceded by William Langer
Succeeded by Fred G. Aandahl
Personal details
Born (1885-06-12)June 12, 1885
Strand, Norway
Died March 3, 1945(1945-03-03) (aged 59)
Rochester, Minnesota
Political party Democratic
Religion Lutheran

John Moses (June 12, 1885 – March 3, 1945) was the 22nd Governor of North Dakota from 1939 to 1945, and served in the United States Senate in 1945 until his death that year.

Biography

Moses was born in Strand in Rogaland county, Norway in 1885. He was the son of Reverend Henrik B. and Isabella (Eckersberg) Moses. He attended public school in Norway, and graduated from the high school at Kongsvinger in 1900 and from junior college in Oslo in 1903. He came to the United States in 1905 and worked for the Great Northern Railway from 1906 to 1911. He entered the University of North Dakota in 1912, and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1914. He entered the University of North Dakota Law School and graduated with a Juris Doctor degree in 1915. He began practicing law at Hazen, North Dakota in 1917. He was married to Ethel Joslyn and had four children.[1]

Political career

From 1919 until 1923, and later from 1927 until 1933, Moses served as State's Attorney for Mercer County. In 1936 he came in third in the three-way governor's race, behind former governors William Langer and Walter Welford. Moses became governor in 1939, following William Langer's second term in the office. Moses worked hard to reduce Langer's influence. He sought to cut government spending and to balance the state's budget. Moses was in office during World War II. He tried to encourage war-time industries to locate in the state, but North Dakota ranked last in the nation for receiving war spending. Despite the lack of wartime appropriations, Moses' administration was a time of prosperity for the state. Rainfall was plentiful and there was a ready market for agriculture products. Moses was a popular governor. During his election campaign he gave speeches in English, German, or Norwegian, depending on his audience. A Democrat, Moses was noted for his support from both political parties. In 1944 Moses defeated Gerald P. Nye for a seat in the United States Senate.

Death

Moses died on March 3, 1945, shortly after taking his place in the Senate,[2] during open heart surgery.[3] He is buried in St. Mary's Cemetery, Bismarck, North Dakota.[4]

References

  1. ^ "John Moses". National Governors Association. Retrieved 6 September 2012. 
  2. ^ 'Governor John Moses''(North Dakota Governors Exhibit)"'". History.nd.gov. Retrieved 2013-02-16. 
  3. ^ "John Moses". Find A Grave. Retrieved 6 September 2012. 
  4. ^ "John Moses". Soylent Communications. Retrieved 6 September 2012. 

Further reading

  • Schweitzer, Adam John Moses and the New Deal in North Dakota (Master’s thesis, University of North Dakota, 1954)

External links



  • John Moses at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  • John Moses Papers at The University of North Dakota
  • Exhibits - North Dakota Governors - John Moses
  • Exhibits - North Dakota Governors Online Exhibit
  • Soylent Communications
  • National Governors Association


Political offices
Preceded by
William Langer
Governor of North Dakota
1939 – 1945
Succeeded by
Fred G. Aandahl
United States Senate
Preceded by
Gerald P. Nye
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from North Dakota
1945
Served alongside: William Langer
Succeeded by
Milton R. Young
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