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Jose Campeche

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Jose Campeche

José Campeche y Jordán
José Campeche
Birth name José Campeche Jordán
Born December 23, 1751
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Died November 7, 1809
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Nationality Puerto Rican
Field Painting
Training Trained by Luis Paret y Alcázar
Movement Rococo
Works Virgen de la Soledad de la Victoria, Our Lady of Bethlehem, The Virgin of the Rosary, Saint John the Baptist, The Sacred Family, The Bishop of San Francisco de la Cuerda, The Vision of Saint Anthony and The Shipwreck of Power in honor of Ramón Power y Giralt,

José Campeche y Jordán[note 1] (December 23, 1751 – November 7, 1809), is the first known Puerto Rican visual artist and considered by many as one of the best rococo artists in the Americas.[1]

Early years

Campeche was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico. His parents were Tomás Campeche (1701–1780), a freed slave born in Puerto Rico, and María Jordán y Marqués from the Canary Islands; due to his mixed descent, he was labelled as a mulatto, a common term during his time. His father was a restorer and painter of religious statues and had an early influence on the young Campeche's interest in the arts. He was trained by Luis Paret y Alcázar, a Spanish court painter banished from Spain.[2] [1][3]

Paintings by Campeche

Campeche distinguished himself with his paintings related to religious themes and of governors and other important personalities. His most famous paintings are:[2][1][3] and his best known portraits are of:

Some of José Campeche's works
Virgen de la Soledad de la Victoria
(c. 1782-1789)
The Rescue of Don Ramón Power y Giralt
(c. 1790)
San Juan Nepomuceno
(c. 1798)
"Ramón de Castro"

Puerto Rican society of the time appreciated Campeche's personal and artistic merits and he is now considered to be amongst the most gifted rococo artists in the Americas. His works of art can be found in museums, churches and private collections in Puerto Rico and Venezuela. Campeche died in the city of San Juan on November 7, 1809.[2][1][3]


  • There is a "José Campeche room" in the former Dominican Convent in Old San Juan, Puerto Rico, where some of his works can be seen. The building is currently being renovated and will be reinaugurated as the National Gallery of Puerto Rico.
  • Puerto Rico has various schools and avenues named after Campeche to honor his memory.
  • The José Campeche High School is located in San Lorenzo.
  • Manuel Gregorio Tavárez composed a funeral march "Redención" in Campeche's honor.
  • Puerto Rico's greatest graphic artist Lorenzo Homar also created a work of art commemorating Campeche.
  • Campeche is buried in the San José Church in Old San Juan.[2][1][3]

See also

Puerto Rico portal
Biography portal



José Campeche - Testigo de la Ciudad, Arturo Dávila, Cuadernos de Cultura #12, Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña, 2005

External links

  • El Nuevo Dia

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