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Joseph LeConte

Joseph Le Conte
Joseph Le Conte
Born (1823-02-26)February 26, 1823
Liberty County, Georgia
Died July 6, 1901(1901-07-06) (aged 78)
Yosemite Valley, California
Alma mater Franklin College, New York College of Physicians and Surgeons, Harvard University
Occupation Physician, scholar, professor and conservationist
Spouse(s) Caroline Nisbet

Joseph Le Conte (alternative spelling: Joseph LeConte) (February 26, 1823 – July 6, 1901) was a physician, geologist, professor at the University of California, Berkeley and early California conservationist.


  • Early life 1
  • Career 2
  • Legacy 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Early life

Of Harvard University, and studied natural history under Louis Agassiz.[2] An excursion made with Professors J. Hall and Agassiz to the Helderberg mountains of New York developed a keen interest in geology.


After graduating at Harvard, Le Conte in 1851 accompanied Agassiz on an expedition to study the

  • The Autobiography of Joseph Le Conte. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1903.
  • A Journal of Ramblings through the High Sierras of California, by Joseph LeConte
  • "Reminiscences of Joseph LeConte" by John Muir (1901)
  • The Joseph LeConte Group of the Sierra Club, in Athens, Georgia
  • Phillip C. Cato, "The Evolutionary Theology of Joseph LeConte." (Ph.D. dissertation, Emory University, 1977)
  • U.S. National Academy of Sciences biography of Dr. Joseph LeConte
  • LeConte Memorial Lodge in Yosemite Valley, a national historic landmark
  • National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoir

External links

  1. ^ "LeConte family". New Georgia Encyclopedia. 2003. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f  
  3. ^ a b Reed, Thomas Walter (1949). History of the University of Georgia. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia. pp. 401–405. 
  4. ^ LeConte, Joseph (1903). Autobiography of Joseph LeConte. p. 238. 
  5. ^ , 40:147-163 (June 1972)Journal of the American Academy of ReligionBirch, Charles, "Participatory Evolution: the Drive of Creation,"
  6. ^ a b c d "Joseph LeConte: Scientist and Savant". Sierra Club History. Sierra Club. Retrieved 2007-09-13. 
  7. ^ Godfrey, Elizabeth H. (April 1946). "Joseph N. LeConte" (PDF). Yosemite Nature Notes 25 (4): 66–69. 
  8. ^  
  9. ^  
  10. ^ Farquhar, F.P. (1926). Place Names of the High Sierra. Mountaineers. 
  11. ^ "UGA Alumni Heritage". 2015-10-29. 
  12. ^ "The impact of Joseph LeConte (1869-1901)". UC Berkeley. 2010-04-11. 
  13. ^ "Joseph LeConte". Find A Grave. 2013-04-05. 


[13].Oakland, California in Mountain View Cemetery He is buried in [12] were also named after him.UCLA, LeConte Hall on the UC Berkeley campus, Le Conte Avenue in Berkeley, and Le Conte Avenue bordering the south of Hollywood in Le Conte Middle School, University of South Carolina LeConte College, which houses the Department of Mathematics and Statistics near the Horseshoe at the [11] He died of a heart attack in the

In 1874, he was nominated to the National Academy of Sciences.[6] He was president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1892,[6] and of the Geological Society of America in 1896. Le Conte is also noted for his exploration and preservation of the Sierra Nevada of California, USA. He first visited Yosemite Valley in 1870, where he became friends with John Muir and started exploring the Sierra.[6] He became concerned that resource exploitation (such as sheepherding) would ruin the Sierra, so he co-founded the Sierra Club with Muir and others in 1892.[6] He was a director of the Sierra Club from 1892 through 1898. His son, Joseph N. LeConte, was also a noted professor and Sierra Club member.


He published a series of papers on monocular and binocular vision, and also on psychology.[2] His chief contributions, however, related to geology. He described the fissure-eruptions in western America, discoursed on earth-crust movements and their causes and on the great features of the Earth's surface.[2] As separate works he published Elements of Geology (1878, 5th ed. 1889); Religion and Science (1874); and Evolution: its History, its Evidences, and its Relation to Religious Thought (1888). This last work anticipates in structure and argument Teilhard de Chardin's "Phenomenon of Man."(1955).[5]

Discouraged by unsettled postwar conditions at the University of South Carolina, in 1868 he accepted an offer of a professorship at the newly established University of California. In September 1869, he moved west to Berkeley, California.[3] His older brother John had come to California in April 1869, also to join the faculty of the new University as a professor of physics. Joseph was appointed the first professor of geology and natural history and botany at the University, a post which he held until his death.

During the Civil War Le Conte continued to teach in South Carolina. He also produced medicine and supervised the niter works (to manufacture explosives) for the Confederacy. In his autobiography he wrote that he found Reconstruction intolerable. He referred to "a carpet-bag governor, scalawag officials, and a negro legislature controlled by rascals" and stated that the "sudden enfranchisement of the negro without qualification was the greatest political crime ever perpetrated by any people".[4]

On January 14, 1846, he married Caroline Nisbet, a niece of Eugenius A. Nisbet. The Le Conte had four children grow to adulthood: Emma Florence Le Conte, Sarah Elizabeth Le Conte, Caroline Eaton Le Conte, and Joseph Nisbet Le Conte.

. University of South Carolina From 1857 to 1869 he was a professor of chemistry and geology at South Carolina College, which is now the [2] and from December 1852 until 1856 professor of natural history and geology at Franklin College.[3]

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