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Juan Goytisolo

Juan Goytisolo
Born Juan Goytisolo [1]
(1931-01-06) January 6, 1931
Barcelona, Spain
Occupation Novelist, short story writer, poet, essayist
Nationality Spanish
Period 1954-
Literary movement Post-Modernism
Notable works Count Julian
Notable awards Miguel de Cervantes Prize
2014
Spouse Monique Lange
Relatives Luis Goytisolo, José Agustín

Juan Goytisolo (born 6 January 1931 in Barcelona) is a Spanish poet, essayist, and novelist. He lives in Marrakech.

Contents

  • Background 1
  • Career 2
  • Family 3
  • Works 4
    • Fiction 4.1
    • Essays 4.2
    • Others 4.3
  • Literary Prizes 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Background

Juan Goytisolo was born to an aristocratic family. He has claimed that this level of privilege, accompanied by the cruelties of his great-grandfather and the miserliness of his grandfather (discovered through the reading of old family letters and documents), was a major reason for his joining the Communist party in his youth.[2] His father was imprisoned by the Republican government during the Spanish Civil War, while his mother (Julia Gay [3]) was killed in the first Francoist air raid in 1938.

Career

After law studies, Goytisolo published his first novel, The Young Assassins, in 1954. His deep opposition to Francisco Franco led him into exile in Paris in 1956, where he worked as a reader for Gallimard. In the early 1960s, he was a friend of Guy Debord. Breaking with the realism of his earlier novels, he published Marks of Identity (1966), Count Julian (1970), and Juan the Landless (1975). As with all his works, they were banned in Spain until after Franco's death.

Count Julian (1970, 1971, 1974) takes up, in an act of outspoken defiance, the side of Julian, count of Ceuta, a man traditionally castigated as the ultimate traitor in Spanish history. In Goytisolo's own words, he imagines "the destruction of Spanish mythology, its Catholicism and nationalism, in a literary attack on traditional Spain." He identifies himself "with the great traitor who opened the door to Arab invasion." The narrator in this novel, an exile in North Africa, rages against his beloved Spain, forming an obsessive identification with the fabled Count Julian, dreaming that, in a future invasion, the ethos and myths central to Hispanic identity will be totally destroyed.

Family

Goytisolo was married to the publisher, novelist and screenwriter Monique Lange, a cousin of novelist Marcel Proust, Emmanuel Berl, and the philosopher Henri Bergson. Lange died in 1996. After her death, he is noted as saying their once shared Paris apartment had become like a tomb. In 1997 he moved to Marrakech.

He is brother to José Agustín Goytisolo and Luis Goytisolo, also writers.

Works

For decades, my name was more popular in police stations than bookshops,
and I do not mean to compliment the literary awareness of Spanish policemen.[4]

Juan Goytisolo

Fiction

  • Juegos de manos (1954).
  • Duelo en el Paraíso (1955).
  • El circo (1957). Part of the trilogy El mañana efímero.
  • Fiestas (1958). Part of the trilogy El mañana efímero.
  • La resaca (1958). Part of the trilogy El mañana efímero.
  • Para vivir aquí (1960). Short stories.
  • La isla (1961).
  • La Chanca (1962).
  • Fin de Fiesta. Tentativas de interpretación de una historia amorosa (1962). Stories.
  • Marks of Identity (Señas de identidad, 1966). Álvaro Mendiola trilogy.
  • Count Julian (Reivindicación del conde don Julián, 1970). Álvaro Mendiola trilogy.
  • Juan the Landless (Juan sin Tierra, 1975). Álvaro Mendiola trilogy.
  • Makbara (1980).
  • Paisajes después de la batalla (1985).
  • Las virtudes del pájaro solitario (1988).
  • La cuarentena (1991).
  • La saga de los Marx (1993).
  • El sitio de los sitios (1995).
  • Las semanas del jardín (1997).
  • The Marx Family Saga (1999).
  • Carajicomedia (2000).
  • State of Siege (2002).
  • Telón de boca (2003).
  • A Cock-Eyed Comedy (2005).
  • Exiled from Almost Everywhere (El exiliado de aquí y allá, 2008)

Essays

  • Problemas de la novela (1959). Literature.
  • Furgón de cola (1967).
  • España y los españoles (1979). History and politics.
  • Crónicas sarracinas (1982).
  • El bosque de las letras (1995). Literature.
  • Disidencias (1996). Literatura.
  • De la Ceca a la Meca. Aproximaciones al mundo islámico (1997).
  • Cogitus interruptus (1999).
  • El peaje de la vida (2000). With Sami Nair.
  • Landscapes of War: From Sarajevo to Chechnya (2000).
  • El Lucernario: la pasión crítica de Manuel Azaña (2004).

Others

  • Campos de Níjar (1954). Travels, journalism.
  • Pueblo en marcha. Tierras de Manzanillo. Instantáneas de un viaje a Cuba (1962). Travels, journalism.
  • Obra inglesa de Blanco White (1972). Editor.
  • Coto vedado (1985). Memoir.
  • En los reinos de taifa (1986). Memoir.
  • Alquibla (1988). TV script for TVE.
  • Estambul otomano (1989). Travels.
  • Aproximaciones a Gaudí en Capadocia (1990). Travels.
  • Cuaderno de Sarajevo (1993). Travels, journalism.
  • Argelia en el vendaval (1994). Travels, journalism.
  • Paisajes de guerra con Chechenia al fondo (1996). Travels, journalism.
  • Lectura del espacio en Xemaá-El-Fná (1997). Illustrated by Hans Werner Geerdts.
  • El universo imaginario (1997).
  • Diálogo sobre la desmemoria, los tabúes y el olvido (2000). Conversation with Günter Grass.
  • Paisajes de guerra: Sarajevo, Argelia, Palestina, Chechenia (2001).
  • Pájaro que ensucia su propio nido (2001). Articles.
  • Memorias (2002).
  • España y sus Ejidos (2003).

Literary Prizes

References

  1. ^ El País Retrieved 2010-07-16.
  2. ^ Goytisolo, Juan. Forbidden Territory. New York: Verso, 2003.
  3. ^ "[H]is mother, killed during the Spanish Civil War, was Julia Gay". George E. Haggerty, Gay Histories and Cultures: An Encyclopedia, p. 413.
  4. ^ Quoted in Eberstadt, cited above.
  5. ^ (Spanish) "Los protagonistas de la lengua" El País Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  6. ^

External links

  • (Spanish) Official Page
  • "Scourge of the New Spain", an article on Goytisolo from The Guardian
  • Interview with Goytisolo from the Center for Book Culture
  • Juan Goytisolo at the complete review - bibliography, evaluation, and links
  • Fernanda Eberstadt, The Anti-Orientalist, The New York Times Magazine article, April 16, 2006
  • Juan Goytisolo, Voltaire and Islam, El País, 4 May 2006
  • Juan Goytisolo, La historia se escibe en la plaza El País, 14 February 2011
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