World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Juan Meléndez Valdés

Article Id: WHEBN0001663426
Reproduction Date:

Title: Juan Meléndez Valdés  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Spanish literature, WikiProject Missing encyclopedic articles/1911 verification/J4, Meléndez, José Cadalso, Esteban Manuel de Villegas
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Juan Meléndez Valdés

Juan Meléndez Valdés, by Francisco de Goya circa 1790

Juan Meléndez Valdés (11 March 1754 – 24 May 1817) was a Spanish neoclassical poet.

Biography

He was born at Ribera del Fresno, in what is now the province of Badajoz. Destined by his parents for the priesthood, he graduated in law at Salamanca, where he became indoctrinated with the ideas of the French philosophical school. In 1780 with Batilo, a pastoral in the manner of Garcilaso de la Vega, he won a prize offered by the Spanish academy; next year he was introduced to Jovellanos, through whose influence he was appointed to a professorship at Salamanca in 1783.

The pastoral scenes in Las Bodas de Camacho (1784) do not compensate for its undramatic nature, but it gained a prize from the municipality of Madrid. A volume of verses, lyrical and pastoral, published in 1785, caused Meléndez Valdés to be hailed as the first Spanish poet of his time. This success induced him to resign his chair at Salamanca, and try his fortune in politics. Once wore the friendship of Jovellanos obtained for him in 1789 a judgeship at Zaragoza, whence he was transferred two years later to a post in the chancery court at Valladolid. In 1797 he dedicated to Godoy an enlarged edition of his poems, the new matter consisting principally of unsuccessful imitations of John Milton and Thomson; but the poet was rewarded by promotion to a high post in the treasury at Madrid.

On the fall of Jovellanos in 1798 Meléndez Valdés was dismissed and exiled from the capital; he returned in 1808 and accepted office as a Minister of Public Instruction in 1811, under Joseph Bonaparte. He had previously denounced the French usurper in his verses. He now outraged the feelings of his countrymen by the grossest flattery of his foreign master, and in 1813 he fled to Alais. It is around 1812 that he was promoted to be a member of the Royal Spanish Academy, too. Four years later he died in poverty at Montpellier. His remains were removed to Spain in 1866 and finally to Madrid, "Panteón de Hombres Ilustres", in 1900.

In natural talent and in acquired accomplishment Meléndez Valdés was not surpassed by any contemporary Spaniard; he failed from want of character, and his profound insincerity affects his poems. Yet he has fine moments in various veins, and his imitation of Jean Seconds Basia is notable. He was a close friend of the artist Francisco de Goya.

References

  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain
  •  
  • http://www.las9musas.net/siglo18/mvaldes/bibmelen.html
  • http://www.cervantesvirtual.com/bib_autor/melendez/imagenes3b.shtml
  • W. E. Colford, Juan Meléndez Valdés. A Study in the transition from Neo-Classicism to Romanticism in Spanish Poetry. New York, Hispanic Institute, (1942), 369 pages.
  • G. Demerson, Don Juan Meléndez Valdés et son temps. Paris, Lib. Klincksieck, (1962)
  • R. Froldi, Un poeta illuminista: Meléndesz Valdés, Milan, Ist. Editoriale Cisalpino, (1967)
  • G. Demerson, Don Juan Meléndez Valdés y su tiempo (1754 - 1817) Madrid, Ed. Taurus, (1971), 2 vols. Enlarged new edition, in Spanish, of the afore mentioned text.
  • R. M. Cox, Juan Meléndez Valdés, New York Twayne Publications (1974), 179 pages.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.