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Junagadh District

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Junagadh District

Junagadh district
જુનાગઢ જિલ્હા
district
Junagadh district is located in Gujarat
Junagadh district
Junagadh district
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates:
Country  India
State Gujarat
Population (2011)
 • Total 27,42,291
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Districts of Saurastra, Gujarat

Junagadh District is a district of the Indian state of Gujarat. Its administrative headquarters is the city of Junagadh.

Geography

The district is located on the Kathiawar peninsula in western Gujarat. It is surrounded by Rajkot District (North), Porbandar District (North-West), Amreli District (East). To the South and West is the Arabian Sea.

Porbandar, Mahatma Gandhi's birthplace, was earlier a part of this district, before the Porbandar district was carved out of Junagadh district.

Junagadh has a mountain range called Girnar which is a place of pilgrimage for Hinduism and Jainism.

Divisions

Talukas of Junagadh are:

Junagadh Subdivision

Mangrol Subdivision

Somanth Sub-Division

Transportation

Junagadh is well connected by road and railway networks. It is about 100 km from Rajkot and 350 km from Ahmedabad. National highway 8D connects Junagadh to Rajkot via Jetpur.

Junagadh railway station is also well connected with Rajkot, Ahmedabad. It is in the city area. Junagadh also has an airport at Keshod which has limited connectivity with Mumbai.

The district has a long shore line and has ports like Veraval, Mangrol, Chorwad etc. But it has limited usages other than fisheries industry.

As of October 2011, the government of India has given its approval for a rope way on Mount Girnar. However it will take a lot of time to develop it. In the past helicopter service was available for Mount Girnar but it is now discontinued.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Junagadh district has a population of 2,742,291,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica[2] or the US state of Utah.[3] This gives it a ranking of 142nd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 310 inhabitants per square kilometre (800/sq mi).[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 12.01%.[1] Junagadh has a sex ratio of 952 females for every 1000 males.[1] It had a literacy rate of 67.7% in 2001 which increased to a literacy rate of 76.88% in 2011.[1]

Culture

Junagadh District enshrines the Somnath Temple at Somnath, Prabhaspatan near Veraval. Somnath is the first out of the 12 Jyotirlingas.

Notable personalities

Flora and fauna

Junagadh contains the Gir Forest National Park, which is the only home to Asiatic lions. Mount Girnar is also declared a forest reserve for Bamboos. "Girnari Giddh", the long-billed vultures, are found only on Girnar, as the Girnar region alone accounts for about 25 per cent of the species and about 10 per cent of the total vulture population in the Gujarat State.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ http://journals.lww.com/plasreconsurg/Citation/1970/02000/Commentary_By_Dr__Charles_Pinto.12.aspx

External links

  • Junagadh Collectorate official website
  • Places in Junagadh
  • Junagadh Jilla Panchayat official website
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