World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kadınefendi

Article Id: WHEBN0028630913
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kadınefendi  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Emine Nazikedâ Kadınefendi, List of consorts of the Ottoman sultans, Ottoman Empire, Ottoman titles, Social structure of the Ottoman Empire
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Kadınefendi

Kadınefendi (also Kadın efendi, Kadın Efendi) was the title given to the official wives of the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.[1][2][3] The Sultan could have up to four and some times five and eight women[4] i.e. wives with the royal rank of Kadınefendi and unlimited number of Ikbal and Gözdes i.e. wives with the rank of Hanımefendi. The title was a replacement of the early titles, Hatun and Haseki Sultan.[5]

Ranks and styles

The women were ranked and styled as:

  • Başkadın, Başkadınefendi or Devletlu İsmetlu (given name) Başkadınefendi Hazretleri — senior or first wife;
  • İkinci Kadın, İkinci Kadınefendi or Devletlu İsmetlu (given name) İkinci Kadınefendi Hazretleri — second wife;
  • Üçüncü Kadın, Üçüncü Kadınefendi or Devletlu İsmetlu (given name) Üçüncü Kadınefendi Hazretleri — third wife;
  • Dördüncü Kadın, Dördüncü Kadınefendi or Devletlu İsmetlu (given name) Dördüncü Kadınefendi Hazretleri — fourth wife;
  • Beşinci Kadın, Beşinci Kadınefendi or Devletlu İsmetlu (given name) Beşinci Kadınefendi Hazretleri — fifth wife;
  • Altıncı Kadın, Altıncı Kadınefendi or Devletlu İsmetlu (given name) Altıncı Kadınefendi Hazretleri — sixth wife;
  • Yedinci Kadın, Yedinci Kadınefendi or Devletlu İsmetlu (given name) Yedinci Kadınefendi Hazretleri — seventh wife;
  • Sekizinci Kadın, Sekizinci Kadınefendi or Devletlu İsmetlu (given name) Sekizinci Kadınefendi Hazretleri — eighth wife.[6][7]

References

  1. ^ Kadın efendiler: 1839-1924, by Harun Açba
  2. ^ Öztuna, Yilmaz, "Deletler ve Hanedanler", Vol: 2, Ministry of Culture Publications, London (1996), s.924
  3. ^ Saray hatıralarım, by Safiye Ünüvar
  4. ^ Fanny Davis (1986). The Ottoman Lady: A Social History from 1718 to 1918. Greenwood Publishing Group.  
  5. ^ Kadın efendiler: 1839-1924
  6. ^ The Concubine, the Princess, and the Teacher: Voices from the Ottoman Harem. University of Texas Press. 2010.  
  7. ^ "Turkey: The Imperial House of Osman". web.archive.org. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.