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Kaikhosro of Kartli


Kaikhosro of Kartli

Kaikhosro (also spelled Kay Khusrau, Kai Khusraw; Georgia, from 1709 to 1711. He reigned in absentia since he served during the whole of this period as a Persian commander-in-chief in what is now Afghanistan.


  • Biography 1
  • Family 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes and references 4
  • External links 5


Kaikhosro was the son of Prince wali/king of Kartli and a sipah-salar (commander-in-chief) of the Persian armies in what is now Afghanistan, and granted Tabriz and Barda in possession. He spent the whole of this period in field, and Kartli was administered by his brother Vakhtang.

In November 1709, Kaikhosro led a new Persian–Georgian army, supported by contingents from Alexander. On October 26, 1711, Kaikhosro ordered a retreat from the city. The Afghans attacked the retreating army and won a crushing victory; Kaikhosro was killed when he fell off his horse and his entire army of 30,000 soldiers (of whom only some 700 escaped) was annihilated.[1][2]


Kaikhosro was married to Ketevan, daughter of the certain Giorgi. Her surname is not known. In the 1720s, she followed the royal family of Kartli in their flight to the Russian Empire, where she was known as the tsaritsa Ekaterina Igoriyevna (Russian: Екатерина Гиоргиевна). She died at Moscow on 3 May 1730 and was buried at the Greek Church of St. Nicholas in Kitaigorod.

Kaikhosro had four children, three—David, Ana, and Khoreshan—by Ketevan and one—Shahanavaz-Khan—by a concubine.

  • Prince David (1710—1738) was married to a certain Mariam, lived in Russia and died at Moscow, being buried at the Donskoy Monastery.
  • Princess Ana (died 1786).
  • Prince Shahnavaz (Shanaoz-Khan; fl. 1742).

See also

  • Kings of Kartli
  • Iranian Georgians

Notes and references

  1. ^ Packard Humanities Institute - Persian Literature in Translation - Chapter IV: An Outline Of The History Of Persia During The Last Two Centuries...THE AFGHÁN INVASION (A.D. 1722-1730)
  2. ^ Maeda, Hirotake (April 7, 2008). "Kay Kosrow Khan", in: Encyclopaedia Iranica (Online edition). Retrieved on 2008-06-15.
  • Martin Sicker, The Islamic World in Decline: From the Treaty of Karlowitz to the Disintegration of the Ottoman Empire (Hardcover) (2000), Praeger/Greenwood, ISBN 0-275-96891-X, page 44

External links

  • Nancy Hatch Dupree - Mir Wais Hotak (1709–1715)
Preceded by
George XI
King of Kartli
1709 - 1711
Succeeded by
Interregnum (1711-1714)
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