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Kansas Army National Guard

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Title: Kansas Army National Guard  
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Kansas Army National Guard

Headquarters, State Area Command
Kansas Army National Guard
Active August 30, 1855 - present
Country  United States of America
Allegiance  State of Kansas
Type ARNG Headquarters Command
Size 5,538 authorized
Part of Kansas National Guard
Army National Guard
Garrison/HQ City of Topeka and City of Salina
Nickname(s) "Kansas ARNG"
Commanders
Commander BG Robert E. Windham
Chief of Staff COL Barry Taylor

The Kansas Army National Guard is a component of the Army National Guard and the Kansas National Guard. Kansas Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Kansas Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Kansas. It is, along with the Kansas Air National Guard, an element of the Kansas National Guard.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Units 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

History

The Kansas Army National Guard armory in Concordia, Kansas is a typical building used for the National Guard programs.

The forerunner of the Kansas National Guard, the Kansas Territorial Militia, was formed on August 30, 1855. On January 29, 1861, six years after the formation of the territorial militia, Kansas became the 34th state and the state militia was organized into units of the Kansas National Guard. Article 8, Section 4 of the state militias into the present National Guard system.

The Kansas Army National Guard has been involved in the nation’s conflicts since the state’s inception as a territory. The Kansas Guard actively participated in the Civil War, 1861–1865;6 Indian Wars, 1864–1870; Spanish–American War, 1898–1899; and the Pancho Villa Expedition of 1916; and the First World War, 1917–1919.[1]

The 2nd Infantry Regiment of the Kansas Volunteer Militia was organized from existing units in 1880. The regiment was mustered into federal service in June 1916 for duty guarding the Mexican Border against invasion. The regiment served for five months at Eagle Pass, Texas. In August 1917, the 2nd Infantry Regiment was drafted into federal service. The Kansas National Guard supplied troops to the 137th Infantry Regiment, Kansas National Guard and assigned to the 35th Division. The regiment saw duty in France and participated in the Meuse-Argonne offensive. The 137th Infantry Regiment were demobilized in May of 1919, after 34 months of active duty service. In November 1921, the 2nd Infantry Regiment was re-designated as the 161st Field Artillery Regiment and assigned to the 35th Division.

In 1918, Kansas Army National Guard Lieutenant Erwin R. Bleckley, who volunteered for aviation duty, was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during an aerial sortie during World War I. He was the first National Guard aviator to earn the award and one of only three to earn it during the 20th century.[2]

Since 1918, the Kansas Army National Guard has been involved in the Second World War, 1940–1946; the Korean War from 1950 to 1952, when the 130th Field Artillery Group headquarters, the 195th Field Artillery Battalion, and the 174th Military Police Battalion were mobilized. The 69th Infantry Brigade was then mobilized for training at Fort Carson during the Vietnam War. In a message received from the Department of the Army dated April 11, 1968, the 69th Infantry Brigade was ordered to active duty effective May 13, 1968.[3] The 3rd Battalion, 137th Infantry was not included in the call to active duty for two reasons; to leave a unit available in Kansas in the event of civil disturbances or major natural disaster; and because the battalion was newly reorganized as an infantry unit and had not yet completed Advanced Unit Training. The 69th Brigade arrived at Fort Carson in May 1968, and some personnel began to be levied for Vietnam duty in July, arriving in-theater in October. After return from Fort Carson, on December 12, 1969 demobilization ceremonies were held at various armories throughout Kansas and Iowa. The 69th Brigade officially reverted to state control on December 13, 1969. 324 officers and 2,073 enlisted men of the Brigade served in Vietnam and 40 died, with hundreds being wounded.

The state maintained the 69th Infantry Brigade as part of the 35th Infantry Division from the 1980s to the 1990s or later.

Kansas Army National Guard personnel also saw service during Operations Desert Shield/Desert Storm, 1990–1991; Operations Northern and Southern Watch in Southwest Asia, 1992–2002; Operation Restore Hope in Somalia, 1992–1993; Operations Joint Endeavor, Deny Flight and Joint Guardian in Bosnia-Herzegovina, 1995–2003; Operations Phoenix Scorpion, Phoenix Scorpion III and Desert Fox in Southwest Asia, 1997 and 1998; Operation Allied Force in Kosovo, 1999–present; Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Noble Eagle, 2001–present; and Operation Iraqi Freedom, 2003–2011, Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa 2010-2011.[1]

The Manhattan and Salina, respectively.

About 350 soldiers of the 1st Battalion, 635th Armor, departed on the first leg of a deployment to Kosovo on Oct. 27, 2004 as part of NATO’s peacekeeping operation in the former Yugoslavia. On Jan, 27, 2006 they returned from their 15-month deployment to Kosovo. While there, they had provided force protection and fixed and roving security, as well as escort duty.

Historic units include:

Units

The Kansas Army National Guard is authorized 5538 soldiers. Subordinate units within the Kansas Army National Guard include:

  • Joint Forces Headquarters-Kansas
  • 287th Sustainment Brigade
    • HHC 287th
    • 287th Special Troops Battalion
    • 891st Engineer Battalion
    • 169th Corps Support Sustainment Battalion (CSSB)

References

  1. ^ a b http://www.accesskansas.org/ksadjutantgeneral/Library/Annual%20Report%202008/Annual%20report%202008%20Final.pdf
  2. ^ http://www.ngb.army.mil/resources/photo_gallery/heritage/index.htm
  3. ^ 69th Infantry Brigade: The 1968 Mobilization, from "THE BATTLE OF FORT CARSON, VIETNAM AND RETURN," the program for 69th Infantry Brigade (Separate). Second Reunion In Commemoration of the Brigade’s Mobilization for Federal Active Duty (May 13, 1968 - December 12, 1969), Topeka, Kansas, October 28-29, 1994.
  4. ^ Jeffery Lynn Pope, Leonia E. Kondratiuk, Armor-Cavalry Regiments, Army National Guard Lineage, DIANE Publishing, 1995, p67.
  5. ^ Isby and Kamps, Armies of NATO's Central Front, Jane's Publishing Company.
  6. ^ http://www.kansastag.gov/press_release_detail.asp?PRid=313
  7. ^ http://kansastag.gov/press_release_detail.asp?PRid=1296

External links

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