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Kapilvastu District

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Title: Kapilvastu District  
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Kapilvastu District

Kapilvastu Jillā
कपिलवस्तु जिल्ला
Location of Kapilvastu
Location of Kapilvastu
Country Nepal
Region Western (Pashchimanchal)
Zone Lumbini
 • Total 1,738 km2 (671 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 571,936
 • Density 330/km2 (850/sq mi)
Time zone NPT (UTC+5:45)
Main language(s) Awadhi, Urdu, Nepali

Kapilvastu district (Nepali: कपिलवस्तु जिल्ला   ), often Kapilbastu, is one of the districts of Lumbini Zone, Western Region, Nepal. The district, with Kapilbastu municipality as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,738 square kilometres (671 sq mi) and as of 2001 had a population of 481,976, which increased to 571,936 in 2011.


  • History 1
  • Geography and Climate 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Administration 4
  • Economy 5
  • Culture 6
  • Places of interest 7
    • World Marsh Region 7.1
    • Archaeological sites 7.2
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10


The district's name comes from the sage Kapila and his followers who built here a city called Kapilavastu. This District was a part of the ancient Shakya Kingdom ruled by King Śuddhodana who was the father of Gautama Buddha.

Geography and Climate

The district is situated at a height of 93 to 1,491 metres (305 to 4,892 ft) above sea level.[1] Geographically, the district can be divided into the low land plains of Terai and the low Chure hills.

Kapilvastu is bounded by Rupandehi District to the east, Dang Deukhuri District in Rapti zone to the northwest, Arghakhanchi District to the north, Balrampur district, Awadh region, Uttar Pradesh, India to the west and Siddharthnagar district, Purvanchal region, Uttar Pradesh to the south.

Climate Zone[2] Elevation Range % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft) 86.8%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.

The Summer is hot with temperature above 27°C and Winter temperature remains below 15°C.


According to the 2001 census, the major ethnic groups in this district are as follows[3] Nepali - 90% and Indians - 10%

A 2011 census found that 50% of people in the district were Awadhi speakers followed by Urdu (18%), Tharu (11%) and (17%) are native Nepali speakers. The number of immigrants from the neighbouring hilly region is increasing every year.


Map of the VDCs in Kapilvastu District

The administration of the district is subdivided as follows[1]-

  • No. of Ilaka: 15
  • No. of VDCs: 77
  • No. of Municipalities: 1
  • No. of Constitutional assembly divisions: 5


Most of the population of the district is dependent on agriculture. Paddy rice is a major crop of the district. A number of youths rely

on foreign employment while sugarcane is an important cash crop.

Crop Production in Metric Ton
Paddy Above 1,50,000
Wheat 25,000-35,000
Sugarcane Above 1,75,000
Oil Seed 1,000-5,000
Tauleshwor Nath temple in Taulihawa


Awadhi people are the major inhabitants of this region, which is very rich in their culture. Awadhi cuisine is well known. Tharu people living in the western part of the district have their own distinct culture.

Holi festival celebration in Kapilvastu

Places of interest

World Marsh Region

A region with biodiversity, cultural, archaeological and historical monuments that has been proposed to be enlisted in the list of World Cultural Heritage of UNESCO.

Archaeological sites

More than 138 historical sites related to Buddha have already been identified within the boundary to the east of Banganga, west of Kothi, north to Indian border and south to Mahendra highway. The forest of the district stands as a natural park. The land is irrigated by the rivers like Banganga, Koili, Surai, Chirai, and others.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c [2]
  2. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005,  
  3. ^ Population Monograph of Nepal, Volume I

External links

  • Districts of Nepal at

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