World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Karaman

Article Id: WHEBN0000549632
Reproduction Date:

Title: Karaman  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lycaonia, Karamanids, Karaman Province, Piri Reis, Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey University
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Karaman

Karaman
Municipality
Karaman fortification
Karaman fortification
Karaman is located in Turkey
Karaman
Coordinates:
Country Turkey
Province Karaman
Government
 • Mayor Erdem Silay (AK PARTİ)
Area[1]
 • District 3,685.73 km2 (1,423.07 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 141,630
 • District 175,397
 • District density 48/km2 (120/sq mi)
Website .tr.gen.karamanwww

Karaman is a town in south central Turkey, located in Central Anatolia, north of the Taurus Mountains, about 100 km (62 mi) south of Konya. It is the capital district of the Karaman Province. According to 2000 census, the population of the province is 231,872 of which 132,064 live in the town of Karaman.[3][4] The district covers an area of 3,686 km2 (1,423 sq mi),[5] and the town lies at an average elevation of 1,039 m (3,409 ft). The Karaman Museum is one of the major sights.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • History 2
  • Climate 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Etymology

The town owes its name to Karaman Bey who was one of the rulers of the Karamanid dynasty. The former name Laranda which in turn comes from the Luwian language Larawanda, literally "sandy, a sandy place".[6]

History

In ancient times Karaman was known as Laranda (Λάρανδα in Ancient greek). In the 6th century BC it came under Achaemenid rule until 322 BC, when it was destroyed by Perdiccas during Alexander's war against Persia. It later became a seat of Isaurian pirates. It belonged to the Roman and later Byzantine Empire until it was captured by the Seljuks in the early 12th century. Karaman was occupied by Frederick Barbarossa in 1190 . In 1256, the town was taken by the Turkish bey Karamanoğlu Mehmet Bey and was renamed Karaman in his honour. From 1275, Karaman was the capital of the Karaman Beylik (and later Ottoman province) of Karamanid.

In 1468 Karamanid was conquered by the Ottomans and in 1483 the capital of the province was moved to Konya. Karaman has retained ruins of a Karamanid castle and some walls, two mosques and a Koran school (madrasah) from that age. An exquisite mihrab from a mosque from Karaman can now be found in the Çinili Pavilion near the Archeology Museum in Istanbul.

There was a Roman Catholic titular see for the city.[7]

The poet Yunus Emre (c. 1238-1320) resided in Karaman during his later years and is believed to lie buried beside the Yunus Emre Mosque. A small adjacent park is adorned with quotations from his verse, many of them unfortunately graffiti-splattered. In 1222, the Sufi preacher Bahaeddin Veled arrived in town with his family, and the Karamanoğlu emir built a medrese to accommodate them. Veled's son was the famous Mevlana Jelaluddin Rumi, who married his wife, Gevher Hatun, while his family was living in Karaman. It was here, too, that Rumi's mother died in 1224. She was buried, along with other family members, in the Aktekke Mosque (also known as the Mader-i Mevlana Cami), which Alaeddin Ali Bey had built to replace the original medrese in 1370.[8]

Climate

Karaman has a cold semi-arid climate under Köppen climate classification (BSk), with hot and dry summers and cold and snowy winters. Karaman is a very sunny city all year long.

Climate data for Karaman (1960-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
20.5
(68.9)
28.7
(83.7)
32.3
(90.1)
34.3
(93.7)
36.9
(98.4)
40.4
(104.7)
40.4
(104.7)
36.4
(97.5)
33.2
(91.8)
25.7
(78.3)
22.3
(72.1)
40.4
(104.7)
Average high °C (°F) 5.4
(41.7)
7.0
(44.6)
12.3
(54.1)
18.0
(64.4)
23.0
(73.4)
27.7
(81.9)
31.1
(88)
31.0
(87.8)
27.1
(80.8)
20.8
(69.4)
13.5
(56.3)
7.6
(45.7)
18.71
(65.68)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.4
(32.7)
1.6
(34.9)
6.0
(42.8)
11.3
(52.3)
16.1
(61)
20.4
(68.7)
23.5
(74.3)
22.9
(73.2)
18.5
(65.3)
12.8
(55)
6.7
(44.1)
2.6
(36.7)
11.9
(53.42)
Average low °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−3.0
(26.6)
0.2
(32.4)
4.8
(40.6)
8.5
(47.3)
12.2
(54)
15.0
(59)
14.4
(57.9)
10.0
(50)
5.7
(42.3)
1.0
(33.8)
−1.7
(28.9)
5.26
(41.47)
Record low °C (°F) −25.8
(−14.4)
−28.0
(−18.4)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−8.3
(17.1)
−2.2
(28)
3.4
(38.1)
6.4
(43.5)
5.6
(42.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
−5.4
(22.3)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−26.1
(−15)
−28
(−18.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 41.6
(1.638)
35.6
(1.402)
36.2
(1.425)
37.1
(1.461)
36.7
(1.445)
21.0
(0.827)
4.6
(0.181)
4.2
(0.165)
6.9
(0.272)
27.5
(1.083)
33.0
(1.299)
45.5
(1.791)
329.9
(12.989)
Average rainy days 10.2 10.0 9.5 8.4 8.7 4.9 1.5 1.1 1.8 6.1 7.0 10.2 79.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 111.6 126 201.5 237 313.1 363 403 378.2 315 235.6 168 108.5 2,960.5
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [2]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^  
  4. ^ GeoHive. "Statistical information on Turkey's administrative units". Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  5. ^ Statoids. "Statistical information on districts of Turkey". Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  6. ^ Bilge Umar. Türkiye'deki Tarihsel Adlar. İnkılap Kitabevi, 1993. ISBN 975-10-0539-6.
  7. ^  "Laranda".  
  8. ^ "Today's Zaman". , todayszaman.com

External links

  • District governor's official website, karaman.gen.tr (Turkish)
  • District municipality's official website, karaman.gen.tr (Turkish)
  • The official Facebook Page Karaman, facebook.com/KaramanHaberleri (Turkish)
  • Extensive photo site with highlights of the town, (English)
  • Extensive photo site with objects at the museum, (English)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.