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Title: Karksi-Nuia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: August Kitzberg, Märt Israel, Karksi Parish, Pärsi, Abja-Paluoja
Collection: Cities and Towns in Estonia, Former Municipalities of Estonia, Populated Places Established in the 12Th Century
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Town of Estonia
Karksi church
Karksi church
Karksi-Nuia is located in Estonia
Location in Estonia
Country Estonia
County Viljandi County
Municipality Karksi Parish
 • Total 3 km2 (1 sq mi)
Elevation 112 m (367 ft)
Population (01.01.2010)
 • Total 1,841
 • Density 610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Karksi-Nuia is a town in Viljandi County, southern Estonia close to the Latvian border, it is the administrative centre of Karksi Parish. Karksi-Nuia has a population of 1,841 (as of 1 January 2010)[1] and an area of 3 square kilometres (1.2 sq mi). The nearest villages are Univere to the west, Polli and Karksi to the north, and Kõvaküla to the south.


  • History 1
    • Karksi Castle 1.1
  • Geography 2
  • Notable residents 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


The ruins of Karksi order castle in Estonia.
Karksi castle ruins.

Karksi was first mentioned in the 12th century as an administrative center.[2]

Karksi Castle

A bailiff of Karksi is mentioned in written records for the first time in 1248, and construction of a castle in Karksi started sometime during the Middle Ages. Completion was however delayed as the castle was destroyed several times during the period. When it was finally completed during the 14th century, it was for a time an important stronghold for the Teutonic Order in southern Estonia, and since 1470 the residence of the local commander. During the Great Northern War the castle was destroyed and never rebuilt. Very little remains of the inner castle, which was separated from the outer ward by a moat, but the outer walls and two square towers are relatively well-preserved. The castle was built by rubble stone and brick. Today, the ruins are used as a backdrop for various cultural and sports event.[3][4]


Karksi-Nuia is situated in the southern part of Viljandi County. It has an area of 3 square kilometres (1.2 sq mi) and about 2100 inhabitants. It is part of the Karksi Parish, a municipality that consists of the town and the 20 villages around it. Karksi-Nuia is about 34 kilometres (21 miles) from Viljandi, 82 km (51 miles) from Pärnu, 99 km (62 miles) from Tartu and 193 km (120 miles) from Tallinn.[5]

Notable residents

See also


  1. ^ "Rahvastik" (in Estonian). Karksi vald. Retrieved 27 February 2010. 
  2. ^ "Karksi Vald - History and Symbols". Karksi Parish. Retrieved 2008-06-02. 
  3. ^ "Sightseeing". Karksi municipality. Retrieved 26 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Viirand, Tiiu (2004). Estonia. Cultural Tourism. Kunst Publishers. p. 213.  
  5. ^ "Karksi Vald - Location". Karksi Parish. Retrieved 2008-06-02. 
  6. ^ "Margus Hunt" From

External links

  • Karksi Parish (Estonian)
  • MSN Map

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