World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kaushambi district

Article Id: WHEBN0002746244
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kaushambi district  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Allahabad division, Manjhanpur, Allahabad, Allahabad district, Fatehpur district
Collection: Districts in India, Districts of Uttar Pradesh, Kaushambi District
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Kaushambi district

Kaushambi district
कौशाम्बी ज़िला
کوشامبی ضلع
District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Kaushambi district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Kaushambi district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Allahabad
Headquarters Manjhanpur
Tehsils 3
Area
 • Total 1,903.17 km2 (734.82 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,596,909
 • Density 840/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 63.69 per cent
Website Official website

Kaushambi is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Manjhanpur town is the district headquarters. Kaushambi district is a part of Allahabad Division.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Economy 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Facts 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

In ancient India it was the capital of the Vatsa Mahajanapada,[1][2][3] one of 16 such regions. The Puranas state that Vatsa was named after a Kaśī king.[4] The Ramayana and the Mahabharata attribute the credit of founding its capital Kauśāmbī to a Chedi prince Kuśa or Kuśāmba. The Puranas state that after the washing away of Hastinapura by the Ganges, the Bhāratas king Nicakṣu, great-great grandson of Janamejaya, abandoned the city and settled in Kauśāmbī. This is supported by the Svapnavāsavadattā and the Pratijñā-Yaugandharāyaṇa attributed to Bhāsa. Both of them have described the king Udayana as a scion of the Bhāratas family (Bhārata-kula). The Puranas provide a list of Nicakṣu’s successors which ends with king Kṣemaka.[5]Gautama Buddha visited Kaushambi several times during the reign of Udayana on his effort to spread the dharma, the Noble Eightfold Path and the Four Noble Truths. Udayana was a Buddhist upāsaka. The Chinese translation of the Buddhist canonical text Ekottara Āgama states that the first image of Buddha, carved out of sandalwood was made under the instruction of Udayana.According to the Puranas, the 4 successors of Udayana were Vahināra, DanḍapāṇI, Niramitra and Kṣemaka. Later, Vatsa was annexed by Avanti. Maniprabha, the great-grandson of Pradyota, ruled at Kauśāmbī as a prince of Avanti.[8]Ashoka gave importance to Kaushambi and placed a pillar of Ashoka in Kaushambi, which has inscriptions there in Pali. A Jaina derasar was also constructed in Kaushambi. Both the pillar and the temple still exist there and the ruins of Vatsa and its university are still being excavated by archaeologists.Kaushambi is also the birthplace of sixth Jain Tirthankar Padam Prabhu Ji.

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Kaushambi one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[6] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[6]

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Kaushambi district has a population of 1,596,909,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau[8] or the US state of Idaho.[9] This gives it a ranking of 313th in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 897 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,320/sq mi) .[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 23.49%.[7] Kaushambi has a sex ratio of 905 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 63.69%.[7]

Facts

Kaushambi is a newly created district out of Allahabad. It consists of major towns such as Chail, Manjhanpur, Bharwari, Kashiya Muratganj, Sirathu, Karari and Kara.It is very easy to reach Kaushambi by road; it is approximately 45 km from Allahabad. This site is good for history lovers who have interest in ancient history.Many Kaushambi artifacts are in Allahabad Museum. It has a few excavated sites, including a Pillar of Ashoka with inscriptions in Pali; surrounding the pillar is a historic site of ruins of the Vatsa Mahajanapada and its university.There is a Jain derasar 14 km from Sarai Akil. The soil is very fertile and it is world-famous for the Surkha Guava. The Surkha region lies mainly in Allahabad.

References

  1. ^ Geographical Review of India. Original from the University of Michigan: Geographical Society of India. 1951. p. 27. 
  2. ^ Hermann Kulke, Dietmar Rothermund (2004). A History of India. Routledge. p. 52.  
  3. ^ http://books.google.co.in/books?id=VnwXuJaeDvgC&lpg=PA53&ots=CcwVswgxOj&dq=Kaushambi%20mahajanapada&pg=PA53#v=onepage&q=Kaushambi%20mahajanapada&f=false
  4. ^ Pargiter, F.E. (1972) Ancient Indian Historical Tradition, Motilal Banarasidass, Delhi, pp.269-70
  5. ^ Raychaudhuri, Hemchandra (1972) Political History of Ancient India, University of Calcutta, Calcutta, p.117-8
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Kaushambi District Population Census 2011, Uttar Pradesh literacy sex ratio and density". Census Organization of India. 2012. Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. 
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est. 
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Idaho 1,567,582 

External links

  • Official website

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.