World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kediri, East Java

Article Id: WHEBN0007188517
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kediri, East Java  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 2010 Piala Indonesia, Kediri Kingdom, Kediri Regency, Anthony Fokker, Budi Sudarsono
Collection: Cities in Indonesia, Kediri, Populated Places in East Java, Regencies of East Java
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Kediri, East Java

Kota Kediri
City
Motto: Joyo ing Boyo
(Indonesian: Glory in the catastrophe)
Kota Kediri is located in Indonesia
Kota Kediri
Coordinates:
Country Indonesia
Province East Java
Government
 • Mayor Abdullah Abu Bakar, S.E
Area
 • Total 63.4 km2 (24.5 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2003)
 • Total 252,000
 • Density 3,975/km2 (10,300/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Website www.kotakediri.go.id

Kediri is an Indonesian city, located near the Brantas River in the province of East Java on the island of Java.

Archaeological artefacts discovered in 2007 appeared to indicate that the region around Kediri may have been the location of the Kediri kingdom, a Hindu kingdom in the 11th century.[1]

The city is a major trade centre for the Indonesian sugar and cigarette industry.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Society and Culture 2
    • Sport 2.1
    • Education 2.2
    • Tourism 2.3
  • References 3
  • External links 4

History

The Brantas River valley was known as the site of classical Javanese culture, particularly between the 10th and 15th centuries. The town of Kediri was established by King Airlangga on the banks of the upper Brantas river in 1042. It was originally called Dahanapura or Daha. After the death of Airlangga his kingdom was divided into two parts: the kingdom of Panjalu in the west, and the kingdom of Janggala in the east. Daha became the capital of Panjalu, and later the capital of the Kediri kingdom.[3]:146–147,158 Over the centuries, control of the city passed to the Singhasari, Majapahit, Demak and Mataram kingdoms.

The name "Kediri", or "Kadiri", is derived from the Sanskrit word Khadri, meaning Indian Mulberry, indicative of the mulberry trees (locally known as pacé or mengkudu) which grew in the area.

After the era of the Javanese kingdoms, Kediri went into decline, becoming a small rural settlement, which was later annexed by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) as part of the Dutch conquest of Java. East Java in the 1740s was controlled by Cakraningrat IV, a Madurese regent who was favorably disposed toward the VOC, as he believed the Dutch would help him in securing the independence of Madura from the Kasunanan Kartasura kingdom. However, when his plans were rejected by the VOC, Cakraningrat rose against the Europeans. The rebellion was ultimately suppressed by the VOC, assisted by two generals sent by Pakubuwana II, Sunan Kartasura. Kediri then became part of the VOC and remained under Dutch control until the independence of Indonesia in 1945.[4]

Kediri began to flourish when the Dutch East Indies founded the autonomous Gemeente Kediri in 1906. Zelfstanding Gemeenteschap (self-government with full autonomy) was granted in 1928.

During the Indonesian National Revolution in 1945–1949, Kediri became a target of General Sudirman's guerrilla campaign. In 1965, after the failed 30 September Movement coup, Kediri suffered terrible bloodshed in which thousands of people were killed.

The Gudang Garam kretek tobacco industry was established in 1958 by Chinese Indonesian Tjoa Ing Hwie. He purchased vast lands in Kediri and established a kretek cigar factory. Today, Gudang Garam is the major employer of the city, with more than 40,000 workers.

Society and Culture

Being the site of an ancient capital of Javanese kingdoms, the city is one of the major cultural center for Javanese people, the city also contains some ancient ruins and candis that dates back to the era of Kediri and Majapahit kingdom.

Sport

Kediri is home of Persik Kediri which plays in Premier Division of Indonesian Football League. Persik Kediri has won total two title of Premier Division of Indonesian Football League, last occurring in 2006.

Education

Kediri city has Three National Universities, they are Universitas Brawijaya, STAIN Kediri, Politeknik Negeri Kediri. But also, Kediri has been many best education like Institut Ilmu Kesehatan Bhakti Wiyata, Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri, Universitas Kadiri, and Universitas Islam Kadiri.

Tourism

The part of Kediri city have a good place like Gua Maria Pohsarang, Kediri Waterpark

References

  1. ^ Kediri archeological discovery offers clues on ancient kingdom, The Jakarta Post, 24 March 2007.
  2. ^ Kediri, Encyclopædia Britannica.
  3. ^  
  4. ^ History of Kediri by City Council

External links

  • About Kediri Regency
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.