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Kiev-class aircraft carrier

 

Kiev-class aircraft carrier

Aircraft carrier Novorossiysk, USSR, 1986
Novorossiysk in 1986
General characteristics
Type: Aviation Cruiser
Displacement: 42,000-45,000 metric tons full load
Length: 273 m (896 ft)
Beam:
  • 53 m (174 ft) o/a
  • 31 m (102 ft) w/l
Draught: 10 m (33 ft)
Propulsion: 8 turbopressurized boilers, 4 steam turbines (200,000 shp), four shafts
Speed: 32 kn (59 km/h; 37 mph)
Complement: 1,200 to 1,600
Armament:
Aircraft carried:
  • Up to 30, including:
  • 12 × Yak-38 aircraft
  • 16 × helicopters
Aviation facilities: Abbreviated angled aft flight deck

The Kiev-class aircraft carriers (also known as Project 1143 or as the Krechyet (Gyrfalcon) class) were the first class of fixed-wing aircraft carriers built in the Soviet Union.

First laid down in 1970 the Kiev class was partially based on a design for a full-deck carrier proposed in Project Orel. Originally the Soviet Navy wanted a supercarrier similar to the American [[. However, the smaller Kiev class design was chosen because it was considered to be more cost effective.

Unlike American or British carriers, the Kiev class is a combination of a cruiser and a carrier. In the Soviet Navy this class of ships was specifically designated as a heavy aviation cruiser rather than just an aircraft carrier. Although the ships were designed with an island superstructure to starboard, with a 2/3 length angled flight deck, the foredeck was taken up with the heavy missile armament. The intended mission of the Kiev class was support for strategic missile submarines, other surface ships and naval aviation; it was capable of engaging in anti-aircraft, anti-submarine and surface warfare.

A total of four Kiev class carriers were built and commissioned, serving in the Soviet and then Russian Navy. The first three were decommissioned, of which, one was scrapped and two were sold as recreational pieces to China. The fourth ship, Admiral Gorshkov, was sold to the Indian Navy in 2004, and after years of extensive modifications and refurbishment, is currently in active service.

General characteristics

  • Designer: Nevskoye Planning and Design Bureau
  • Builder: Nikolayev South (formerly Chernomorsky Shipyard 444)
  • Power Plant: 8 turbopressurized boilers, 4 steam turbines (200,000 shp), four shafts
  • Length: 273 metres (896 ft) overall (283 metres (928 ft) for Baku subgroup)
  • Flight Deck Width: 53 metres (174 ft)
  • Beam: 32.6 metres (107 ft)
  • Displacement: 43,000-45,500 metric tons full load
  • Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)
  • Aircraft: 26-30
  • Crew: 1,200-1,600 (including air wing)
  • Armament:
    • Kiev and Minsk:
      • 4 × twin P-500 Bazalt SSM launchers (8 missiles)
      • 2 × twin M-11 Shtorm SAM launchers (72 missiles)
      • 2 × twin 9K33 Osa launchers (40 missiles)
      • 2 × twin 76.2 mm AA guns
      • 8 × AK-630 30 mm CIWS
      • 10 × 21" torpedo tubes
      • 1 × twin SUW-N-1 FRAS Anti-Submarine Rocket launcher
    • Novorossiysk:
      • 4 × twin P-500 Bazalt SSM launchers (8 missiles)
      • 2 × twin M-11 Shtorm SAM launchers (72 missiles)
      • 2 × twin 76.2 mm AA guns
      • 8 × AK-630 30 mm CIWS
      • 1 × twin SUW-N-1 FRAS Anti-Submarine Rocket launcher
    • Baku:
      • 6 × twin P-500 Bazalt SSM launchers (12 missiles)
      • 24 × 8-cell 9K330 Tor vertical SAM launchers (192 missiles)
      • 2 × 100 mm guns
      • 8 × AK-630 30 mm CIWS
      • 10 × 21" torpedo tubes
      • 2 × RBU-6000 anti-submarine rocket launchers
  • Date Deployed: 1975 (Kiev)

Ships

Name
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