World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kilometre zero

Article Id: WHEBN0003325206
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kilometre zero  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kilometer zero, Hermannskogel, Ablon-sur-Seine, G1501 Shanghai Ring Expressway, Rizal Park
Collection: Geodesic Datums
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Kilometre zero

In many countries, Kilometre Zero (also written km 0) or similar terms in other languages (also known as Zero mile marker, control stations or control points) is a particular location (often in the nation's capital city), from which distances are traditionally measured. They were markers where drivers could set their odometers to follow directions in early guide books.[1]

A similar notion also exists for individual roads (that is, all locations on the road have a number, depending on their distance from that location), and for individual cities (often the city's central post office is used for this).

The most famous such marker of which any part survives from ancient times is the Milliarium Aureum ("Golden Milestone") of the Roman Empire, believed to be the literal origin for the maxim that "all roads lead to Rome".

Contents

  • Countries 1
    • Argentina 1.1
    • Australia 1.2
    • Byzantine Empire 1.3
    • Canada 1.4
    • Chile 1.5
    • China 1.6
    • Cuba 1.7
    • Dominican Republic 1.8
    • Egypt 1.9
    • Ethiopia 1.10
    • France 1.11
    • Germany (Prussia) 1.12
    • Hungary 1.13
    • India 1.14
    • Indonesia 1.15
    • Italy 1.16
    • Japan 1.17
    • Madagascar 1.18
    • Malaysia 1.19
    • Mexico 1.20
    • Norway 1.21
    • Panama 1.22
    • Philippines 1.23
    • Poland 1.24
    • Romania 1.25
    • Russia 1.26
    • Slovakia 1.27
    • South Korea 1.28
    • Spain 1.29
    • Sri Lanka 1.30
    • Switzerland 1.31
    • Taiwan 1.32
    • Thailand 1.33
    • United Kingdom 1.34
    • United States 1.35
    • Uruguay 1.36
  • Media 2
  • Images 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Countries

Argentina

Kilometre Zero, Buenos Aires

Argentina marks Kilometre Zero with a monolith in Plaza Congreso in Buenos Aires. The work of the brothers Máximo and José Fioravanti, the structure was placed on the north side of Plaza Lorea on October 2, 1935; it was moved to its present location on May 18, 1944. An image of Our Lady of Luján (honored on the monolith as "the patron saint of the national road network") appears on the monolith's north face, a relief map of Argentina is on the south face, plaques in honor of José de San Martín are west, and on its eastern side, the date of the decree and the name of the relevant authorities.

Australia

Highways in Australia are usually built and maintained by the states and territories. In the state of New South Wales, highway distances (mileages) were traditionally measured from a sandstone obelisk in Macquarie Place in Sydney designed by Francis Greenway in 1818.[2] The obelisk lists the distances to various locations in New South Wales at the time.[3] For the railway, it is located at platform 1 of Sydney Central Station.

Byzantine Empire

Reconstruction of Constantinople's Milion based on historical accounts and surviving fragments.

The Byzantine Empire had an arched building, the Milion of Constantinople, as the starting-place for the measurement of distances for all the roads leading to the other cities. In the 1960s, some fragments were discovered and erected in its original location, now in the district of Eminönü, Istanbul, Turkey.

Canada

The Mile 0 point for the Alaska Highway in Dawson Creek

Origin point of the Trans-Canada Highway in Victoria, British Columbia, on the southern end of Vancouver Island. Also the Mile 0 point for the Alaska Highway in Dawson Creek.

Chile

Kilometre Zero at Plaza de Armas in Santiago, Chile.

All national distances from Santiago originate at the Km. 0 plaque, located at the Plaza de Armas main square in downtown Santiago. (Coordinates: .)

Chile's Autopista Central – Eje Norte-Sur (the eastern segment of the Panamerican Highway that passes through Santiago) has its Kilometre Zero at the intersection with the Alameda del Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, the capital's main avenue. (Coordinates: .)

China

China Railways' 0 km is located at the entrance to the Fengtai Yard on the Jingguang Line just outside of Beijing. This point was historically the start of the line; the marker is a simple concrete marker, with "0" painted on it. There is no ceremonial plaque.

The kilometre zero point for highways is located at Tiananmen Square, just outside the Zhengyangmen Gate. It is marked with a plaque in the ground, with the four cardinal points, four animals, and "Zero Point of Highways, China" in English and Chinese.

Cuba

Cuba's Kilometre Zero is located in its capital Havana in El Capitolio. Embedded in the floor in the centre of the main hall is a replica 25 carat (5 g) diamond, which marks Kilometre Zero for Cuba. The original diamond, said to have belonged to Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and have been sold to the Cuban state by a Turkish merchant, was stolen on 25 March 1946 and mysteriously returned to the President, Ramón Grau San Martín, on 2 June 1946. It was replaced in El Capitolio by a replica in 1973.

Dominican Republic

DR-1, DR-2, and DR-3 all depart from Kilometre Zero from Santo Domingo's Parque de Independencia.

Egypt

Kilometre Zero in Egypt is located at the Attaba Square Post Office in 1st of Abdel Khaliq Sarwat Pasha Street, Cairo.

Ethiopia

Kilometre Zero in Ethiopia is in Menelik Square, Haile Selassie in 1930.

France

Kilometre Zero of the French highways

Kilometre Zero of French national highways, located in Paris on the square facing the main entrance of Notre Dame cathedral, and considered the official centre of the city of Paris.

Germany (Prussia)

Reconstructed Prussian milestone in Berlin

Initially the origin point of all Prussian roads leading to and from Berlin was at Dönhoff-Platz in the city centre (1730–1875); in 1975 a reconstructed milestone was placed in front of the Spittel-Kolonnaden at Marion-Gräfin-Dönhoff-Platz.

Hungary

The Zero Kilometre in Budapest is marked by a monument, forming the number "zero". The starting point was initially reckoned from the threshold of the Buda Royal Palace, but it was taken down to the Széchenyi Chain Bridge when it was built in 1849.

The city of Kecskemét also has a Zero Kilometre Stone on Kossuth Square.

India

Zero Mile Stone Marathi: शून्य मैलाचा दगड is a monument locating the geographical center of India in the city of Nagpur, Maharashtra.The Zero Mile Stone was erected by the British who used this point to measure all the distances. The Zero Mile Stone consists of four horses and a pillar made up of sandstone.ভারতের শূন্য বিন্দু nagpur

Indonesia

Kilometre zero of Indonesia is marked by the monument located in Weh Island, the northernmost and westernmost point of Indonesia.[4][5][6]

Italy

The Italian Kilometre Zero is located on the top of the Capitoline Hill, in Rome.

Japan

The Kilometre Zero of Japan (日本国道路元標 Nipponkoku Dōro Genpyō) is on the middle of Nihonbashi bridge in Tokyo. Tokyo Station is considered the originating point of the national railway network and has several posts and monuments indicating 0 km of lines originating from the station.

Madagascar

The Kilometre Zero for the major roads radiating from Antananarivo is located on the square in front of the Soarano Railway Station.

Malaysia

Malaysia's Kilometre Zero at Johor Bahru

The Kilometre Zero for roads and highways in Peninsular Malaysia is located at Johor Bahru General Post Office.[7] It is one of the rare cases where the national kilometre zero is not located at the national capital, due to the fact that the distance of all three major backbone routes (Federal Routes 1, 3 and 5) are calculated from Johor Bahru, as Johor Bahru is the major entry point to Malaysia from Singapore.

Mexico

The Kilometre Zero is located in Mexico City, next to the Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral.

Norway

The Kilometre Zero is located in Oslo at the address Observatoriegaten 1.

Panama

The Panamanian Kilometre Zero is located at the Martin Sosa Bridge on the Simon Bolivar Avenue (Transisthmian Highway) in Panama City.

Philippines

The Kilometre zero of the Philippines, in Luneta Park, Manila

The marble marker designated as KM 0 fronting the Rizal Monument in Rizal Park is Kilometer Zero for road distances on the island of Luzon and the rest of the Philippines.

Poland

Warsaw.

Warsaw, the capital of Poland, has a meeting point featuring plaques with distances from it to other major cities of the country. It is placed on the intersection of the city's two main avenues, Aleje Jerozolimskie and Marszałkowska Street, next to the Centrum Warsaw Metro station.

Romania

The Kilometre Zero of Bucharest.

Russia

Russia's Kilometre Zero.

The bronze plaque marking Russia's Kilometre Zero is located in Moscow, just in front of the Iberian Chapel, in a short passage connecting Red Square with Manege Square and flanked by the State Historical Museum and the City Duma.

Slovakia

Slovakia has its Kilometre Zero in Bratislava under Michael's Gate in the Michalská veža (St. Michael's tower).

South Korea

Seoul, the capital city of South Korea, has its 'Doro Wonpyo' (Korean: 도로원표) in the centre of Gwanghwamun Intersection to measure all distance of both national and regional roads. The initial statue, made by Seoul Metropolitan City to commemorate in 1997, is located in front of Donghwa Duty-free shop building (near Gwanghwamun Station), 151 m far from its exact point.

Spain

Madrid's renewed Kilometre Zero.

Spain has its Kilometre Zero in the centre of the Puerta del Sol in Madrid (incidentally, the clock of the old Royal House of the Post Office, in front of which the plaque is located, marks the official time in Spain, according to the urban legend). The plaque that marks this point was turned around 180 degrees by mistake in 2002 during a reform of the square. The plaque was renewed in 2009, during the roadworks of the Puerta del Sol square, and this time placed in the right position.

Sri Lanka

In Sri Lanka, all distances from Colombo is measured in kilometers (formerly in miles) from the Fort Clock Tower near President's House. This practice began with the construction of the Colombo-Kandy road in 1830, which was the first modern highway in the island. Since then three major roads have been constructed from Colombo; A1 – Colombo-Kandy Road, A2 – Colombo-Wellawaya (CGHW) Road and A4 – Colombo-Batticaloa (CRWB) Road.

Switzerland

Switzerland's Kilometer Null is located in Olten. It was made in the 19th century to mark the point from where the Swiss railway system was measured. Because of the dimension of the Swiss railway system, it is no longer used.

Taiwan

Road sign of the kilometer zero in Taiwan

The crossroad of Zhongxiao Road and Zhongshan Road (Taipei) in Zhongzheng District, Taipei is the start point of provincial highway No. 1, 1A (Traditional Chinese: 臺1甲), 3, 5 and 9. In 2012, by Directorate General of Highways, MOTC, a traffic sign and a sidewalk carve of kilometre zero of provincial highway are placed by the northeast side and by southeast side of the intersection separately.[8]

Thailand

A kilometre zero milestone in northern Thailand.

Thailand has two points that are declared as Kilometre Zero. The National Highway's Kilometre Zero is the Democracy Monument on Ratchadamnoen Avenue, and the Railway's Kilometre Zero is the Erawan Elephant Monument, in front of Bangkok Railway Station.

United Kingdom

At the Charles I statue in Trafalgar Square, London.

The term 'Kilometre Zero' is not used in the United Kingdom. Most distances from London are measured in miles from Charing Cross. See also, London Stone, Hicks Hall, and St Mary-le-Bow, a church from which the distance of the original London to Lewes road is measured.

Distances to/from Edinburgh are measured to the former GPO building in Prince's Street. Similarly, building numbers in Edinburgh start at the end of the street nearest to the former GPO building.

United States

The metric system is not the common system in the United States, but mile markers for most major roads begin at either their western or southern terminus. The mile-marking systems are generally within individual states; the mile count starts over when a state boundary is crossed.

Pierre Charles L'Enfant, the original architect of Washington, D.C., proposed an otherwise unnamed reference marker in the form of a pole to be located one mile east of the Capitol that was never built.

Although not used for measurement on U.S. roads (outside of the city itself), a Zero Milestone near the White House was proposed in 1919 and a permanent marker placed in 1923 by the Federal government, funded by the Good Roads Movement.

Columna de la Paz in Montevideo.

Uruguay

Uruguay has a "Kilómetro Cero" for the national routes at the La Paz Pillar, located in Plaza de Cagancha of the city of Montevideo.[9]

Also, a "Kilómetro Cero" has been established for the Uruguay River by the Treaty of Río Uruguay in 1961 on the parallel passing by the area called Punta Gorda in the Colonia Department, south of the city of Nueva Palmira.

Media

Kilometer Zero is also the name of a literary journal once published from the famous book shop Shakespeare and Company.

The 2000 film Km. 0 was a romantic comedy set in Madrid.

Images

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ohio Lincoln Highway Historic and Cultural Resources" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-04-22. 
  2. ^  
  3. ^ Heritage Branch ( 
  4. ^ "Menjejakkan Kaki di Tugu Nol Kilometer Sabang" (in Indonesian). Kompas. 11 February 2013. 
  5. ^ "Weh Island: Diving the Untouched Edge". Sabang is the capital city of Weh Island. Why not explore the town as well? You might want to take a picture of a sign bearing "Indonesia Nol Kilometer" (Zero Kilometer of Indonesia). 
  6. ^ "Sabang: Indonesia at KM 0". The Jakarta Post. January 13, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Peninsular Malaysian Kilometre Zero". Blog Jalan Raya Malaysia. 12 May 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  8. ^ Cai Weiqi (蔡偉祺) and Cai Wenju (蔡文居) (2012-10-07). "台灣公路原點 就在監察院前人行道" (in Chinese). The Liberty Times. 
  9. ^ "Kilómetro cero en Plaza Cagancha". Junta Departamental de Montevideo. 25 March 2010. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.