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Kingdom of the Rhinns

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Title: Kingdom of the Rhinns  
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Kingdom of the Rhinns

Na Renna in the 11th century Kingdom of the Isles
An excerpt from the Annals of Inisfallen.[1]
The text refers to an event dated 1094, and reads in Irish "Macc Congail, rí na Rend, do marbad", which translates into English as "Congal's son, king of Na Renna, was slain".

Na Renna, or the Kingdom of the Rhinns, was a Norse-Gaelic lordship which appears in 11th century records. The Rhinns (Scottish Gaelic: Na Rannaibh) was a province in medieval Scotland, and comprised, along with Farines, the later Wigtownshire. The Martyrology of Óengus gives some idea of the kingdom's domain in the 11th century, as Dún Reichet (Dunragit) and Futerna (Whithorn) are said to lie in the kingdom, implying that it embraced the whole of later Wigtownshire.

List of known rulers

Three rulers are explicitly stated in the sources to have ruled this kingdom:

Dates Name Styles Notes
d. 1034 Amlaíb mac Sitriuc
(Óláf Sigtryggsson)
This was not Óláf's only kingdom; he was said by the Life of Gruffudd ap Cynan to have ruled "Dublin, Mann, Galloway, the Rhinns, Angelsey and Gwynedd". Son of Sigtrygg Silkbeard. His daughter Ragnaillt was the mother of Gruffudd ap Cynan.
d. 1065 Echmarcach mac Ragnaill rex innarenn Previously king of Dublin and king of Man; on his death, he was merely "King of the Rhinns".
d. 1093 Macc Congail rí na Rend Known only by obituary. Possibly a son of Fingal mac Gofraid.

See also


  1. ^ (Bodleian Library MS. Rawl. B. 503, folio 30r)
  • Byrne, Francis J., "Na Renna", Peritia, vol. 1 (1982), p. 267
  • Russell, Paul (ed.), Vita Griffini Filii Conani: The Medieval Latin Life of Gruffudd Ap Cynan, (Cardiff, 2005)
  • Stokes, Whitley, Félire Óengusso Célí Dé: The Martyrology of Oengus the Culdee, (London, 1905; reprinted, Dublin, 1984)
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