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Cyrillization of Korean

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Title: Cyrillization of Korean  
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Subject: Cyrillization, Linguistic purism in the Korean language, History of the Korean language, Cyrillization of Greek, Cyrillization of Japanese
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Cyrillization of Korean

The Kontsevich system (Russian: Система Концевича/Sistema Kontsevicha) for the Cyrillization of the Korean language was created by the Russian scholar Lev Kontsevitch (Russian: Лев Концевич) on the basis of the earlier system designed by Aleksandr Holodovich (Russian: Александр Холодович). It is currently the main system of transcribing Korean words into the Russian language.


  • Introduction 1
  • Consonants 2
    • Initial 2.1
    • Final 2.2
    • Medial consonant rules 2.3
  • Vowels 3
  • Examples 4
  • Notes 5
  • See also 6
  • External links 7


Cyrillization systems for Korean were developed domestically in both North and South Korea; Kontsevich carried out work on the systemisation of these rules. In contrast with some systems of romanization of Korean, the transcription is based primarily on the pronunciation of a word, rather than on its spelling.



Cyrillic к н т р м п с ч чх кх тх пх х кк тт пп сс чч -
McCune–Reischauer k n t r m p s ch ch' k' t' p' h kk tt pp ss tch -
Revised Romanization g n d r m b s j ch k t p h kk tt pp ss jj -


Cyrillic к н т ль м п т т т к т п т к - - т - нъ
McCune–Reischauer k n t l m p t t t k t p t k - - t - ng
Revised Romanization k n t l m p t t t k t p t k - - t - ng

Medial consonant rules

Some letters are transcribed differently in the middle of a word when following certain other letters.
Next initial→
Previous ending↓
к н т р м п с ч чх кх тх пх х -
к кк нн кт нн нм кп кс кч кчх ккх ктх кпх кх г
н нг нн нд лл нм нб нс ндж нчх нкх нтх нпх нх н
ль льг лл льтт лл льм льб льсс льчч льчх лькх льтх льпх рх р
м мг мн мд мн мм мб мс мдж мчх мкх мтх мпх мх м
п пк мн пт мн мм пп пс пч пчх пкх птх ппх пх б
нъ нг нн нд нн нм нб нс ндж нчх нкх нтх нпх нх нъ


Cyrillic а я о ё о ё у ю ы и э йя е йе/-е ве ви ый/-и ва во вэ ве
McCune–Reischauer a ya ŏ o yo u yu ŭ i ae yae e/-ë ye oe wi ŭi wa wae we
Revised Romanization a ya eo yeo o yo u yu eu i ae yae e ye oe wi ui wa wo wae we


English Hangul (Hanja) RR
(RR transliteration in parentheses)
(Latin transliteration in parentheses)
“wall” 벽(壁) byeok
“on the wall” 벽에 byeoge
“outside” 밖에 bakke
“kitchen” 부엌 bueok
“to the kitchen” 부엌에 bueoke
WorldHeritage 위키백과(百科) wikibaekgwa
Hangul 한글 hangeul or han-geul
Hanja 한자 (漢字) hanja
character, letter 글자( - 字) geulja
“(an) easy” (+ noun) 쉬운… swiun…
“Four seasons are distinct.” 사계절(四季節)이 뚜렷하다. Sagyejeori tturyeotada.
(Sa-gye-jeol-i ttu-lyeoshada.)
Сагеджори ттурётхада.
(Sagedzhori tturyothada)
“Just check the line colour and width you want.” 원(願)하시는 선(線) 색(色)깔과 굵기에 체크하시면 됩니다. Wonhasineun seon saekkkalgwa gukgie chekeuhasimyeon doemnida.
(Won-ha-si-neun seon saegkkal-gwa gulg-gie che-keu-ha-si-myeon doebni-da.)
Вонхасинын сон сэкккальгва куккие чхекхыхасимён твемнида.
(Vonhasinyn son se`kkal'gva kukkie chhekhyhasimyon tvemnida.)


Personal names are written by family name first, followed by a space and then the given name. As a rule, syllables in given names are not separated.

See also

External links

  • (Russian) Degrees of Courtesy and Communication Styles in the Korean Language, by K. B. Kurotchenkо.
  • (Russian) Entry for Lev Kontsevich on the Institute of Oriental Studies.
  • (Russian) Russian and Latin Transcription of Korean Words, by Lev Kontsevich.
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