World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Kosovo Offensive (1915)

For the other Battles of Kosovo, see Battle of Kosovo
Kosovo Offensive
Part of Serbian Campaign (World War I)
Date 10 November 1915 - 4 December 1915
Location Kosovo
Result Decisive Bulgarian victory,
Serbian Army retreated to Albania and Greece
Belligerents

 Bulgaria

 German Empire
 Austria-Hungary
 Serbia
Commanders and leaders
Nikola Zhekov
Konstantin Zhostov
Kliment Boyadzhiev
Georgi Todorov
August von Mackensen
Max von Gallwitz
Hermann Kövess von Kövessháza
Radomir Putnik
Živojin Mišić
Stepa Stepanovic
Pavle Jurišić Šturm
Strength
First Army;
Northern Operations Group of Second Army
Eleventh Army
Third Army :156,000 men (79,000 combatants, 372 guns and 220 machine guns)[1]
150,000 combatants[2]
Casualties and losses
Light 30,000 killed and wounded, 199 guns lost

The Kosovo Offensive Operation (Bulgarian: Косовска настъпателна операция), the third major battle in history to have been fought there, occurred between 10 November 1915 and 4 December 1915.

Battle and Serbian defeat

The battle began with the forcing of the South Morava by the Bulgarian 1st Army and ended with the total defeat of the Serbian army. The main blow was made by the 1st Army at the direction Niš-Pristina. For 2 days, the Serbian army seized Prokuplje, where they mounted a short-lived resistance.

The greatly outnumbered Serbian army retreated, then made a futile stand near the city of Gnjilane. The Serbs then tried a desperate counter-attack towards Vranje and Kumanovo to join the Anglo-French troops but were again defeated. The 6th and 9th Infantry Divisions of 1st Army easily took Priština on 24 November. Then the whole of the Bulgarian army advanced, supported from the north by parts of 11th German Army and the Austro-Hungarian 3rd Army. The battle ended on 4 December when Debar was captured. The Serbs lost 30,000 soldiers, 199 guns, 150 cars and vast quantity of other military equipment. The Serbian army subsequently retreated into Albania, eventually being transported to the Greek island of Corfu.

Footnotes

  1. ^ Българската армия в Световната война, vol. V (1946), pg. 143. The strength listed is as of 2 of November 1915.
  2. ^ Българската армия в Световната война, vol. V (1946), pg. 242. This figure is estimated by the Austro-Hungarian General Staff.

References

  • Атанас Пейчев и колектив, 1300 години на стража, Военно издателство, София 1984.
  • Министерство на войната, Щаб на войската (1946). Българската армия в Световната война 1915 - 1918, Vol. V. Косовската операция. Печатница на щаба навойската, София. 

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.