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Total population
~13 000 000
Regions with significant populations
Sunni Islam

Kouloughlis, also spelled Koulouglis,[1] Cologhlis and Qulaughlis (from Ottoman Turkish kuloğlu "children of slaves", kul "slave" + oğlu "son of") was a term used during the Ottoman period to designate the creole offspring of usually Turkish men and Arab women.[2][3][4]

The phrase comes from the fact that the rulers of the Ottoman Empire conquered much of Arab world and sent Turkish colonizers to Ottoman Algeria, Ottoman Egypt, Ottoman Libya, and Ottoman Tunisia. Unlike the Franco-Algerians (pieds-noirs) and the North African Jews, descendants of the Kouloughlis have largely integrated into their local societies after independence.


  1. ^ Britannica (2012), Koulougli, Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online 
  2. ^ Daumas 1943, 54.
  3. ^ Ruedy 2005, 39.
  4. ^ Lorcin 1999, 2.

See also


  • Boyer, Pierre (1970), "Le problème Kouloughli dans la régence d'Alger", Revue de l'Occident musulman et de la Méditerranée 8: 77–94 
  • Daumas, Eugène (1943), Women of North Africa: or "The Arab Woman", Indiana University Press,  .
  • Lorcin, Patricia M. E. (1999), Imperial Identities: Stereotyping, Prejudice and Race in Colonial Algeria, Indiana University Press,  .
  • Ruedy, John Douglas (2005), Modern Algeria: The Origins and Development of a Nation, Indiana University Press,  .
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