World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kuban bridgehead

Article Id: WHEBN0037659029
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kuban bridgehead  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 79th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), Andreas von Aulock, Crimean Offensive, Kuban, Johann Schwerdfeger
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Kuban bridgehead

Satellite image of the Strait of Kerch, on the right the Taman Peninsula (Kuban bridgehead)

The Kuban bridgehead (German: Kuban-Brückenkopf), also known as Gotenkopf (Gothic head), was a German retreat position on the Taman Peninsula, which existed from January to October 1943. It had originally been held by the Germans after the retreat from the Caucasus to allow a new attack on the oil fields of the Caucasus. After the withdrawal of the German Army to the Panther-Wotan line, the troops located in the bridgehead were evacuated across the Strait of Kerch to the Crimea. The German 17th Army under the command of Generaloberst Richard Ruoff, later under the command of General der Pioniere Erwin Jaenecke, was tasked with the defense of the bridgehead.

The Kuban bridgehead was held despite repeated Soviet attacks during this period. This enabled the evacuation by sea, using the Marinefährprahm, of 239,669 soldiers, 16,311 wounded, 27,456 civilians and 115,477 tons of military equipment (primarily ammunition), 21,230 vehicles, 74 tanks, 1,815 guns and 74,657 horses to the Crimean peninsula. The Luftwaffe further evacuated from the bridgehead 15,661 men from an airfield at Slavyansk-na-Kubani. The withdrawal was one of the few military withdrawal operations of the Wehrmacht in which the entire Army Group and all its heavy equipment was not lost.


The Kuban Shield (Ärmelschild Kuban) was awarded to commemorate those who fought to defend the bridgeheads in the Kuban region. The 1977 war film Cross of Iron directed by Sam Peckinpah, featuring James Coburn, Maximilian Schell, James Mason and David Warner, is set on the Kuban bridgehead.[1]


This article incorporates information from the Deutsch WorldHeritage.
  1. ^ Cross of Iron at the Internet Movie Database
  • Friedrich Forstmeier: Die Räumung des Kuban-Brückenkopfes im Herbst 1943. Wehr und Wissen Verlags-Gesellschaft, Darmstadt 1964 (Beiträge zur Wehrforschung 2/3, ISSN 0067-5253).
  • Wolfgang Pickert: Vom Kuban-Brückenkopf bis Sewastopol. Flakartillerie im Verband der 17. Armee. Vowinckel, Heidelberg 1955 (Die Wehrmacht im Kampf 7, ).
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.