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Kutaisi

Kutaisi
ქუთაისი
Skyline of Kutaisi

Flag
Official seal of Kutaisi
Seal
Kutaisi
Location of Kutaisi in Georgia
Coordinates:
Country Georgia
Region (Mkhare) Imereti
Government
 • Mayor Shota Murghulia [1]
Area
 • Total 82 km2 (32 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 200,611
Time zone Georgian Time (UTC+4)
Climate Cfa
Website kutaisi.gov.ge

Kutaisi (second largest city, after the capital Tbilisi. Situated 221 kilometres (137 miles) west of Tbilisi, it is the capital of the western region of Imereti.

Contents

  • Geography 1
    • Landscape 1.1
  • Climate 2
  • History 3
  • Culture 4
    • Museums and other cultural institutions 4.1
    • Theatres and cinema 4.2
    • Professional unions and public organizations 4.3
    • Media 4.4
  • Sport 5
  • Main sights 6
  • Economy 7
  • Transport 8
    • Airport 8.1
    • Railway 8.2
  • Local celebrations 9
  • Notable natives 10
  • International relations 11
    • Twin towns and sister cities 11.1
  • See also 12
  • References 13
  • External links 14

Geography

Kutaisi is located along both banks of the Rioni River. The city lies at an elevation of 125–300 metres (410–984 feet) above sea level. To the east and northeast, Kutaisi is bounded by the Northern Imereti Foothills, to the north by the Samgurali Range, and to the west and the south by the Colchis Plain.

Landscape

Kutaisi is surrounded by deciduous forests to the northeast and the northwest. The low-lying outskirts of the city have a largely agricultural landscape. The city centre has many gardens its streets are lined with high, leafy trees. In the springtime, when the snow starts to melt in the nearby mountains, the storming Rioni River in the middle of the city is heard far beyond its banks.

Climate

The climate in Kutaisi is humid subtropical with a well-defined on-shore/monsoonal flow (characteristic of the Colchis Plain) during the Autumn and Winter months. The summers are generally hot and relatively dry while the winters are wet and cool. Average annual temperature in the city is 14.5 degrees Celsius. January is the coldest month with an average temperature of 5.3 degrees Celsius while July is the hottest month with an average temperature of 23.2 degrees Celsius. The absolute minimum recorded temperature is −17 degrees Celsius and the absolute maximum is 44 degrees Celsius. Average annual precipitation is around 1,530 mm (60.24 in). Rain may fall in every season of the year. The city often experiences heavy, wet snowfall (snowfall of 30 cm/12 inches or more per single snowstorm is not uncommon) in the winter, but the snow cover usually does not last for more than a week. Kutaisi experiences powerful easterly winds in the summer which descend from the nearby mountains.

Climate data for Kutaisi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9
(49)
11
(51)
13
(56)
18
(65)
24
(75)
26
(79)
28
(82)
28
(83)
26
(78)
22
(72)
18
(64)
12
(54)
19.6
(67.3)
Average low °C (°F) 4
(39)
4
(39)
6
(42)
9
(49)
14
(57)
17
(62)
19
(66)
19
(66)
16
(61)
13
(55)
11
(51)
7
(44)
11.6
(52.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 145
(5.7)
104
(4.1)
86
(3.4)
84
(3.3)
84
(3.3)
112
(4.4)
99
(3.9)
91
(3.6)
122
(4.8)
100
(4)
81
(3.2)
183
(7.2)
1,291
(50.9)
Source: Weatherbase [2]

History

Kutaisi in 1870
Kutaisi in 1885

Kutaisi was the capital of the ancient Kingdom of Imeretian Kingdom. In 1508, the city was captured by Selim I, who was the son of Bayezid II, the sultan of the Ottoman Empire.

During the seventeenth century, Imeretian kings made many appeals to Solomon I of Imereti to recover his capital, Kutaisi, on August 6, 1770.

Finally, the Russian-Turkish wars ended in 1810 with the annexation of the Imeretian Kingdom by the blood- libel trial that attracted attention all over Russia; the ten accused Jews were acquitted.[3]

Kutaisi was a major industrial center before Georgia's independence in 1991. Independence was followed by the economic collapse of the country, and, as a result, many inhabitants of Kutaisi have had to work abroad. Small-scale trade prevails among the rest of the population.

The city had a massive Ministry of Diaspora Issues, and Gantiadi, a scientific journal.

TV: "Rioni"; Radio: "Dzveli Kalaki" (old City)

Also all the republican newspapers, journals and television stations have their representatives in Kutaisi.

Sport

Kutaisi has a great tradition in sports, with many famous sport clubs. national championships and cups. Kutaisi also had an influential basketball club BC Kutaisi 2010.

Main sights

The landmark of the city is the ruined Pantheon, where many notable citizens are buried.

In December 2009, the demolition of a major World War II memorial in the city resulted in the death of two people. Russia had heavily protested the decision to remove the memorial.[1]

Economy

On April 2, 2009, the Georgian economy minister, Lasha Zhvania, announced that an Egypt-based home appliances producer company, Fresh Electric, intends to create a free industrial zone in Kutaisi.[6]

Transport

Airport

Georgia.

Railway

Kutaisi Rail Terminal has direct connection with Georgian Railways.

Local celebrations

"Kutaisoba" is the most important holiday in Kutaisi. It is celebrated on the second of May. On this day the population of Kutaisi crowds into the central park, with their children and celebrate together. Some people make masks and there are many kinds of performances, so it is a lot of fun. Also little children sell chamomiles. It is an old tradition, in the past ladies collected money for poor people, so today children also collect money for them.

On this day one can see traditional Georgian dances and you can hear folk music. Also it is an old tradition to go in the forest, which is near Kutaisi. Families barbecue and play games. On this day, people wear traditional clothes, choxa, so you can imagine that you are in past times. Also there is a new tradition of writing lyrics which have been written by writers from Kutaisi and then airplanes throw them from the sky. There is also a competition in different kinds of martial arts.

Notable natives

International relations

Twin towns and sister cities

Kutaisi is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Official Government site of Kutaisi
  2. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Kutaisi, Georgia". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  3. ^ Effie Ambler, Russian Journalism and Politics: The Career of Aleksei S. Suvorin, 1861-1881 (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1972: ISBN 0-8143-1461-9), p. 172.
  4. ^ ,Civil Georgia, Tbilisi, 21 June 2011Relocation of Next Parliament to Kutaisi Endorsed.Retrieved: 24 November 2013.
  5. ^ "Georgia opens new parliament in Kutaisi, far from the capital". Washington Post. 26 May 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  6. ^ Egypt-based Company Plans Free Industrial Zone in Kutaisi. Civil Georgia. April 2, 2009
  7. ^ "Twin-cities of Azerbaijan". Azerbaijans.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  8. ^ "The two cities". Newport Kutaisi Association. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  9. ^ "Poznań - Miasta partnerskie". 1998–2013 Urząd Miasta Poznania (in Polish). City of Poznań. Archived from the original on 2013-09-23. Retrieved 2013-12-11. 

External links

  • http://www.nkta.org/


, Kutaisi Local newspapers include:

Media

  • Georgian Writers’ Union
  • Georgian Painters’ Union
  • Folk Palace

Professional unions and public organizations

1. Kutaisi Lado Meskhishvili State Academic Theatre
2. Kutaisi Meliton Balanchivadze State Opera House
3. Kutaisi Iakob Gogebashvili State Puppet Theatre
4. Cinema and Entertaining Center “Suliko”
5. Hermann-Wedekind-Jugendtheater

Theatres and cinema

1. Kutaisi State Historical Museum
2. Kutaisi Museum of Sport
3. Kutaisi Museum of Martial Art
4. Museum of Zakaria Paliashvili
5. Kutaisi State Historical Archive
6. Kutaisi State Scientific-Universal Library
7. David Kakabadze Fine Art Gallery
8. Art Salon
9. Akaki Tsereteli State University

Museums and other cultural institutions

Kutaisi has an ancient cultural tradition. Here is a list of the cultural centers in Kutaisi.

Culture

On 26 May 2012, Saakashvili inaugurated the new Parliament building in Kutaisi. This was done in an effort to decentralise power and shift some political control closer to Abkhazia, although it has been criticised as marginalising the legislature, and also for the demolition of a Soviet War Memorial formerly at the new building's location.[5]

[4] In 2011

[1]

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