World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Laguna Beach, California

Laguna Beach, California
Images from top, left to right: Laguna Beach coastline, Lifeguard Tower, view from Heisler Park, Festival of the Arts, and statue of Town Greeter Eiler Larsen.
Images from top, left to right: Laguna Beach coastline, Lifeguard Tower, view from Heisler Park, Festival of the Arts, and statue of Town Greeter Eiler Larsen.
Official seal of Laguna Beach, California
Location within California and Orange County
Location within California and Orange County
Country United States
State California
County Orange
(post office)
June 29, 1927[1]
 • Type Council-manager[2]
 • Total 9.821 sq mi (25.435 km2)
 • Land 8.850 sq mi (22.921 km2)
 • Water 0.971 sq mi (2.515 km2)  9.89%
Elevation[4] 20 ft (6 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)[5]
 • Total 22,723
 • Estimate (2013)[5] 23,250
 • Density 2,300/sq mi (890/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes 92651, 92652
Area code 949
FIPS code 06-39178
GNIS feature IDs 1660874, 2411595
Website .netlagunabeachcity

Laguna Beach is a seaside resort city located in southern Orange County, California, United States. It is known for its mild year-round climate, scenic beaches, coves, artist community and the dedicated greenbelt and protected bluebelt that surround this historic village. The population in the 2010 census was 22,723.

Historically a territory of paleoindians, the Tongva people and then Mexico, the location became part of the United States following the Mexican–American War. Laguna Beach was settled in the 1870s, officially founded in 1887 and, in 1927 its current government was incorporated as a city. In 1944, the city adopted a council-manager form for its government. The city has remained relatively isolated from urban encroachment by its surrounding hills, limited highway access, and a dedicated greenbelt. 5.88 miles (9.46 km) of the Laguna Beach coastline are protected by a state marine reserve and an additional 1.21 miles (1.95 km) are designated as a state conservation area.[6]

Tourism is the primary industry with an estimated three million people visiting the community annually.[7] Annual large events include the Pageant of the Masters, Festival of the Arts, Sawdust Art Festival, Art-A-Fair, Bluewater Music Festival, and Kelpfest.


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Demographics 3
    • 2010 3.1
    • 2000 3.2
  • Arts, music, and culture 4
  • Surf culture and sports 5
  • Government 6
    • County, state, and federal representation 6.1
  • Conservation and environment 7
  • Education 8
    • Primary and Secondary 8.1
    • Higher education 8.2
  • Notable people 9
  • Broadcasting and media 10
  • Infrastructure 11
  • 1993 fire 12
  • Sister Cities 13
  • See also 14
  • References 15
  • External links 16


Laguna Beach was the habitation site of a prehistoric paleoindian civilization.[8] In 1933, the first fossilized skull of a paleoindian found in California was uncovered during construction on St. Ann's Drive.[9] Known as "Laguna Woman", the skull originally was radiocarbon dated to more than 17,000 BP, however, revised measurements suggest it originated during the Holocene era 11,700 years before present.[10] Subsequent research has found several prehistoric encampment sites in the area.[11]

Historically, the indigenous people of the Laguna Beach area were the Tongva. Aliso Creek served as a territorial boundary between Gabrieleno and Acjachemen groups, or Juanenos, named by Spanish missionaries who first encountered them in the 1500s.[12][13] The area of Laguna Canyon was named on an 1841 Mexican land grant map as, Cañada de las Lagunas (English:Glen of the Lagoons).[14] After the Mexican-American War ended in 1848, the area of Alta California was ceded to the United States. The treaty provided that Mexican land grants be honored and Rancho San Joaquin, which included north Laguna Beach, was granted to José Antonio Andres Sepúlveda. Following a drought in 1864, Sepúlveda sold the property to James Irvine.[15] The majority of Laguna Beach was one of the few parcels of coastal land in Southern California that never was included in any Mexican land grant.[15]

Pre-1917 postcard of Joseph Yoch's original Hotel Laguna -- built in 1888 and replaced in 1930
View of the Main Beach ca. 1915

Settlers arrived after the

  • Official website
  • Laguna Beach Visitors & Conference Bureau - Tourism
  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

External links

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of  
  2. ^ a b "City Profile". City of Laguna Beach. Retrieved 2013-10-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California".  
  4. ^ "Laguna Beach".  
  5. ^ a b "Laguna Beach (city) QuickFacts".  
  6. ^ Carlton, Carisa (November 18, 2013). "The Giant Aquarium: Laguna Beach State Marine Reserve & Conservation Area". Laguna Beach Gazette. Retrieved November 19, 2013. 
  7. ^ Turnbull, Karen (2004). "Laguna Beach and South Laguna". In Esther Cramer. A Hundred Years of Yesterdays II. Orange County Historical Commission. pp. 161–67. 
  8. ^ McManamon, Francis P.; Cordell, Linda S.; Lightfoot, Kent G.; Milner, George R. (December 2008). "The Earliest Inhabitants and Sites". Archaeology in America: An Encyclopedia.  
  9. ^ Driscoll, Marjie (Nov 4, 1971). "His 38-Year Affair With 'Laguna Woman'; Amateur Archaeologist Tells Affair With 'Laguna Woman'". Los Angeles Times. p. H4. 
  10. ^ Pollard, A. Mark; Heron, Carl (2008). Archaeological Chemistry. Royal Society of Chemistry. pp. 281–4.  
  11. ^ Chace, Paul G. (1965) "A History of Archaeology in Orange County" Pacific Coast Archaeological Society Quarterly 1(3): 3-23
  12. ^ Cameron, Constance. "Determining tribal boundaries through potsherds-an archaeological perspective." Pacific Coast Archaeological Society Quarterly 35.2/3 (1999): 96-126.
  13. ^ McManamon, Francis P.; Cordell, Linda S.; Lightfoot, Kent G.; Milner, George R. (December 2008). Archaeology in America: An Encyclopedia.  
  14. ^ Gudde, Erwin Gustav (1969). California Place Names: The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names (3rd ed.). Berkeley and Los Angeles, California: University of California Press. p. 170. 
  15. ^ a b  
  16. ^ Vogel, Claire Marie (March 31, 2009). Laguna Beach. Images of America. Arcadia Publishing. p. 36.  
  17. ^ Boyd, Michelle (March 31, 2011). "Early Days of a Pioneering Laguna Family". Laguna Beach Independent. Retrieved October 8, 2013. 
  18. ^ Joseph Smith Thurston, 1947, Laguna Beach of Early Days, Murray & Gee
  19. ^ Turnbull, Karen (January 1, 1988). Ester R. Cramer, ed. A Hundred Years of Yesterdays: Centennial History of the People of Orange County & Their Communities. Santa Ana: Orange County Centennial Inc.  
  20. ^ Armor, Samuel (1921). History of Orange County, California. Los Angeles: Historic Record Company. pp. 478–81. 
  21. ^ Talber, Thomas B.; MacAuthur, Mildred Yorba; Meadows, Don C. (1963). The Historical Volume and Reference Works: Orange County. Historical Publishers. p. 241. 
  22. ^ Clemence, Sara (May 23, 2005). "Lavish Laguna Living". Forbes Magazine. 
  23. ^ Vogel, Claire Marie (March 31, 2009). Laguna Beach. Images of America. Arcadia Publishing. p. 17.  
  24. ^ a b Neisser, JaPatmes (April 12, 1979). "Laguna Beach: Orange County's Eclectic Village". Orange Coast Magazine 5 (4): 10–16. Retrieved October 8, 2013. 
  25. ^ "History". About Us. Laguna Art Museum. 2013. Retrieved October 8, 2013. 
  26. ^ Vogel, Claire Marie (March 31, 2009). "4 Art, Festivals and Films". Laguna Beach. Images of America. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 77–86.  
  27. ^ Sleeper, Jim (1980). Great movies shot in Orange County that will live forever (or at least until 1934). Trabuco Canyon, CA: California Classics. 
  28. ^ a b c d Talber, Thomas B.; MacAuthur, Mildred Yorba; Meadows, Don C. (1963). The Historical Volume and Reference Works: Orange County. Historical Publishers. pp. 249–50. 
  29. ^ "City of Laguna Beach. Overview". City of Laguna Beach. Retrieved 2009-04-29. 
  30. ^ Gerry Max, Horizon Chasers: The Lives and Adventures of Richard Halliburton and Paul Mooney (McFarland, 2007), p. 67 and 258n9 for references..
  31. ^ a b Schou, Jonathan (March 16, 2010). Orange Sunshine: The Brotherhood of Eternal Love and Its Quest to Spread Peace, Love, and Acid to the World. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 2–8. 
  32. ^ Schou, Jonathan (March 16, 2010). Orange Sunshine: The Brotherhood of Eternal Love and Its Quest to Spread Peace, Love, and Acid to the World. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 69. 
  33. ^ "Beaches". Visit Laguna Beach. Laguna Beach Visitors Center. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  34. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Temple Hill
  35. ^ Harris, Eleanor (November 2, 2006). Quick Escapes Los Angeles, 7th: 20 Weekend Getaways from the Metro Area. Quick Escapes (7th ed.). GPP Travel. p. 11.  
  36. ^ Vogel, Claire Marie (March 31, 2009). Laguna Beach. Images of America. Arcadia Publishing. p. 7.  
  37. ^ a b "International Mountain Bicycling Association". 
  38. ^ a b Adam Maya. "Laguna Coast Wilderness Park," Orange County Register, 23 September 2012.
  39. ^ a b "Historical Sea Surface Temperature for Laguna Beach". Laguna Beach Water Temperature and Wetsuit Guide (Orange County, USA). 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  40. ^ "Monthly Averages for Laguna Beach, CA".  
  41. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  42. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  43. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Laguna Beach city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  44. ^ a b "Laguna Beach (city), California". Quick Facts. United States Census Bureau. June 27, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-18. 
  45. ^ 
  46. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  47. ^ American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau
  48. ^ Vogel, Claire Marie (2009). Images of Laguna Beach. Arcadia Publishing. p. 100.  
  49. ^ Change, Richard (June 27, 2010). "Summer is Festival Time".  
  50. ^ Clay, Joanna (June 24, 2011). "Connection through Art-A-Fair". Laguna Beach Coastline Pilot. Retrieved October 9, 2013. 
  51. ^ Allard, Maurice (July 1989). "Spotlight: Laguna Beach". Orange Coast Magazine 15 (7): 22–24. Retrieved August 28, 2013. 
  52. ^ Laguna Plein Air Painters Association — 15th Annual Laguna Beach Plein Air Painting Invitational
  53. ^ "Kelpfest 2014". 
  54. ^ Warshaw, Matt; Finegan, William (November 7, 2005). The Encyclopedia of Surfing. Mariner Books. p. 86.  
  55. ^ Kane, Rich (June 10, 2013). "Brooks Street Surf Classic Finally Happens After a Two-Summer Wait". Laguna Beach Patch. Retrieved April 1, 2014. 
  56. ^ Connelly, Laylan. "Best skimboarders in the world to hit Laguna Beach". Orange County Register. 
  57. ^ 
  58. ^ "US Open 2014". .
  59. ^ "City Clerk". Laguna Beach, CA. Retrieved January 13, 2015. 
  60. ^ "City Treasurer". Laguna Beach, CA. Retrieved January 13, 2015. 
  61. ^ "County, State, and Federal Representatives". City of Laguna Beach. Retrieved November 10, 2012. 
  62. ^ "California's 48th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 
  63. ^ Fetherling first=Dale (September 19, 1976). "Laguna Greenbelt: An Idea That Became a Crusade". Los Angeles Times. p. OC1. 
  64. ^ "Laguna Greenbelt History". About. 2011. Retrieved October 6, 2013. 
  65. ^ Cathy Curtis. Does Indeed Deliver Its Message of Protest,"The Tell" Los Angeles Times, 21 August 1989.
  66. ^ Dave Barton. "Laguna Art Museum exhibit celebrates the city's defining feature—no, it's not the beach” OC Weekly, 29 October 2015.
  67. ^ Antoine Boessenkool. "New exhibit in Laguna recalls 'The Canyon Project'” Orange County Register, 17 October 2015.
  68. ^ a b Reckas, Ted (December 30, 2011). "New Ocean Protections Come Ashore". Laguna Beach Independent. Retrieved October 6, 2013. 
  69. ^ UC Irvine Special Collections. "Guide to the Laguna Beach Historic Survey Board Records, 1980-1981". 
  70. ^ Rollinger, Verna; Laguna Beach City Council (December 21, 1982). "Laguna Beach Historic Resources Survey". Retrieved October 6, 2013. 
  71. ^ Laguna Beach Water Project
  72. ^ Idaho stop
  73. ^ "Laguna College of Art and Design". Colleges.  
  74. ^ Laguna's Only FM Radio Station [2] Retrieved Sept.30, 2014
  75. ^ FEMA: Mitigation Best Practices Portfolio
  76. ^ "Remembering the Day Laguna Beach Burned".  


See also

Laguna Beach has 3 sister cities:

Sister Cities

A fire in Laguna Beach in October 1993 destroyed or damaged 441 homes and burned more than 14,000 acres (5,700 ha). The National Fire Protection Association listed it as the seventh largest-loss wildland fire in the United States.[76]

1993 fire

Fire protection in Laguna Beach is provided by the Laguna Beach Fire Department, and law enforcement by the Laguna Beach Police Department. Laguna Beach also has been using goats as part of its fuel reduction and vegetation management program since the early 1990s.[75] Marine safety services are provided jointly by Laguna Beach City Lifeguards in north Laguna Beach and by U.S. Ocean Safety Lifeguards in south Laguna Beach.


The community is served by two weekly local newspapers: the Laguna Beach Independent and the The Coastline Pilot, a subsidiary of the Los Angeles Times.

Laguna Beach has its own FM community radio station, KX 93.5.[74]

In 2004, MTV created a reality television show entitled Laguna Beach: The Real Orange County, which aired on MTV for three seasons. The show follows the lives of several young Laguna Beach residents as they finish high school and begin the next chapter of their lives. It had a very successful first two seasons and became the second highest rated MTV show. Its success elevated the central figures on the show, Stephen Colletti, Kristin Cavallari, Lo Bosworth, and Lauren Conrad to celebrity status. The show later became a spin-off now known as The Hills.

Broadcasting and media

Notable people

The Laguna College of Art & Design (LCAD) is a small private college located in Laguna Canyon. It was founded in 1961 by the Festival of Arts and Laguna Art Museum as the Laguna Beach School of Art. LCAD offers bachelor of arts degrees in drawing and painting, illustration, animation, graphic design, and game art, and master of fine arts degrees in painting and drawing. In 2013, enrollment was approximately 450 students.[73]

Higher education

The Laguna Beach Unified School District manages public education for city residents. The district includes one high school (Laguna Beach High School), one middle school (Thurston Middle School), and two elementary schools (El Morro Elementary School and Top of the World Elementary School). One private elementary school, St. Catherine of Siena Parish School, is overseen by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Orange.

Primary and Secondary


Laguna Beach is the tenth official Transition Town in the U.S. In February 2007, Laguna's city council unanimously voted to join the U.S. Mayors Climate Initiative, and in April, 2013 became the first Orange County city to request formally that the San Onofre Nuclear Reactor not be restarted after its January 2012 shut down. The Aliso Creek Water Reclamation Facility went into operation in 2014. It removes polluted runoff in Aliso Creek, improves ocean water quality, and creates local recycled water.[71] With a grant from Cal Trans, the city is undertaking a transition plan to implement Complete Streets for all users. A North-South bicycle route with signs and sharrows was completed through town in 2014. Laguna Beach passed a city-wide 'Idaho Stop'[72] for cyclist, a no plastic bag ordinance and a no plastic bottle purchasing policy for its government.

American Craftsman Bungalows from the early 1900s dot the downtown and South Laguna areas. Between 1980 and 1981, the city conducted the Laguna Beach Historic Survey, a city-wide block-by-block study which noted the location of pre-1940 buildings and determined which had historic significance.[69] 706 homes and structures in Laguna Beach were classified as historically significant.[70]

The Laguna Beach State Marine Reserve (LBSMR), which extends from Irvine Cove to Treasure Island Beach, was established in 2012, to make most of the coastal area a no-take zone.[68] Docents of the Laguna Ocean Foundation provide monitoring and education at tidepools within the LBSMR.[68] In addition, the 3.2 mile long Crystal Cove State Park abuts the northern border of Laguna Beach.

The creation of the 7,000-acre Laguna Art Museum in 2015-16.,.[66][67] Today the Wilderness Park and Laguna Canyon within it are designated as open space into perpetuity.[38]

Laguna Beach has a history of environmental stewardship and historic preservation. Laguna Beach is the only Orange County city protected by a dedicated greenbelt inland and bluebelt seaward. In 1968, local conservationists founded Laguna Greenbelt and began a drive to conserve a horseshoe of hills and canyons surrounding Laguna Beach.[63] As of 2011, more than 20,000 contiguous acres of wildlands constituted The Laguna Coast Wilderness Park, Jim Dilley Preserve, Crystal Cove State Park, and the Aliso-Wood Canyons Wilderness Park.[64]

Beachgoers at Main Beach in Laguna Beach

Conservation and environment

In the United States House of Representatives, Laguna Beach is in California's 48th congressional district, represented by Republican Dana Rohrabacher.[62]

In the California State Legislature, the city is in the 37th Senate District, represented by Republican John Moorlach, and in the 74th Assembly District, represented by Republican Matthew Harper.[61]

Laguna Beach is located in the fifth district of the Orange County Board of Supervisors.

County, state, and federal representation

The city clerk and city treasurer are elected by popular vote and serve four-year terms.[59][60]

Laguna Beach was first settled in the 1870s, but was founded officially in 1887 and, in 1927 it incorporated as a city. Beginning in 1944, a council-manager form of government was adopted.[2] Residents of Laguna Beach elect five non-partisan council members who serve four-year staggered terms, with elections occurring every two years. The position of mayor is non-elected and chosen annually among the members of the city council. The council serves to pass ordinances, approve a budget, and hire the city manager and city attorney. The city manager oversees administrative operations and the appointment of department heads. In 2011, John Pietig was hired as city manager following the retirement of his boss, Ken Frank who, after 31 years, was one of the longest-serving city managers in Orange County history.

the OCSD Helicopter "Duke 1" flies over Sharks Cove, in Laguna Beach California in January of 2013


The U.S. Open for Lawnbowling is held annually, at the lawn bowling field at Heisler Park.[58]

Laguna's foothill trails are known internationally for mountain biking.[37] Mountain bike hall of fame legend, Hans Rey makes his home in Laguna Beach, as do the Rads,[57] pioneers of mountain biking going back to the 70s.

The Laguna Open Volleyball Tournament first started in 1956 and is the second oldest volleyball tournament in the U.S. Local players such as Dain Blanton have gone on to become world champion players and Olympians.

Started in 1976, the 'Vic' Skimboarding World Championship is held at Aliso Beach in Laguna Beach, and is the longest running skim boarding contest on the pro circuit.[56]

Laguna has a rich surf history. The Brooks Street Surfing Classic is the oldest continuing surf contest in the world.[54] Begun in 1955, the competition is held only when peak swell conditions occur during a four-month-long window in the summer. Participation is open only to Laguna Beach residents.[55] Notable participants have included surfing greats such as Hobie Alter, Mickey Munoz, and Tom Morey, to name a few.

Surf culture and sports

The Laguna Beach Arts Commission sponsors a weekly Summer Concert in the Park series at Bluebird Park and Heisler Park. The Laguna Beach Chamber Music Society holds an annual chamber music festival during the winter season. Laguna is also home to the annual Bluewater Music Festival, and Kelpfest held on Earth Day, to raise awareness of the importance that kelp plays in ocean habitat.[53]

The Laguna Beach Plein Air Painting Invitational is held annually in October.[52] Some of North America's plein air landscape painters are invited to participate in the week-long events including public paint outs, artist meet and greets, and educational activities.

The Laguna Playhouse, founded in 1920, is noted as the "oldest continuously running theatre on the west coast".[51] The playhouse provides professional stage productions in its 420-seat Moulton Theater, as well as performances by the Laguna Playhouse Youth Theatre program. The Irvine Bowl is a 2600-seat amphitheater used for the Pageant of the Masters program and for occasional concerts.

The Festival of Arts, originated in the 1930s and showcases juried works by local artists. The Sawdust Art Festival was founded in 1965 as a counterculture alternative to the Festival of the Arts. It exhibits non-juried crafts and arts on a dedicated three-acre site. The Art-A-Fair began in 1966, built an exhibition site in 1977 and exhibits juried works of 125 artists from outside the area.[50]

Entrance to the Festival of the Arts and Pageant of the Masters

[49] The

Arts, music, and culture

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $90,017, and the median income for a family was $146,562.[47] Males had a median income of $66,221 versus $46,138 for females. The per capita income for the city was $58,732. About 2.8% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

In the city the population was spread out with 15.8% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 33.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 103.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.0 males.

There were 11,511 households out of which 18.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.9% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.8% were non-families. 36.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05 and the average family size was 2.69.

As of the census[46] of 2000, there were 23,727 people, 11,511 households, and 5,778 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,035.1/km2 (3,000/sq mi). There were 12,965 housing units at an average density of 565.6/km2 (1,000/sq mi). The racial makeup of the city was 91.99% White, 0.80% African American, 0.36% Native American, 2.08% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 2.21% from other races, and 2.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.62% of the population.

Condominiums lining the beach in Laguna Beach
Laguna Beach, California, Emerald Bay


During 2009–2013, Laguna Beach had a median household income of $94,325, with 6.3% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[45]

There were 12,923 housing units of which 60.0% were owner-occupied and 40.0% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.7%. 64.6% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 35.0% lived in rental housing units.

The population was spread out with 16.1% under the age of 18, 4.8% aged 18 to 24, 23.4% aged 25 to 44, 37.4% aged 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.3 years. For every 100 females there were 100.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.8 males.

The Census reported that 99.6% of the population lived in households and 0.4% lived in non-institutionalized group quarters. There were 10,821 households out of which 20.1% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 43.6% were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present. 5.2% of households were unmarried opposite-sex partnerships and 2.8% were same-sex married couples or partnerships. 35.2% of households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09. The average family size was 2.72.

The 2010 United States Census[43] reported that 22,723 people, 10,821 households, and 5,791 families resided in the city. The population density was 2,313.8 people per square mile (893.4/km²). There were 12,923 housing units at an average density of 1,315.9 per square mile (508.1/km²). The racial makeup of Laguna Beach was 90.9% White (85.7% Non-Hispanic White), 0.8% African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.5% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races.[44] 7.3% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.[44]



Climate data for Laguna Beach, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 89
Average high °F (°C) 68
Average low °F (°C) 44
Record low °F (°C) 21
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.75
Source: The Weather Channel[40]

Laguna Beach has a mild Mediterranean climate with abundant sunshine all year. The average daily high temperature ranges from 68 °F in January to 80 °F in August. Mean annual precipitation is relatively low at 13.56 inches. The average ocean water temperatures range from about 59 °F in February to 68 °F in August; with early to mid-September water temperatures often peaking at about 72 °F.[39] However, the ocean surface temperatures along the beaches of Laguna Beach may vary by several degrees from the average, dependent upon offshore winds, air temperature, and sunshine.[39]


South Laguna Beach

The natural landscape of beaches, rocky bluffs and craggy canyons have been noted as sources of inspiration for Plein air painters who have settled in the Laguna Beach since the early 1900s.[35][36] The hills also are known internationally for mountain biking.[37] Laguna Coast Wilderness Park[38] is a 7,000-acre (2,800 ha) wilderness area in the hills surrounding Laguna Beach. This park features coastal canyons, ridgeline views and the only natural lakes in Orange County.

The land in and around Laguna Beach rises quickly from the shoreline into the hills and canyons of the San Joaquin Hills. The town's highest point, at an elevation of 1,007 feet (307 m), is Temple Hill in the Top of the World neighborhood.[34] Because of its hilly topography and surrounding parklands, there are few roads into or out of town; only the Coast Highway connecting to Newport Beach to the northwest and to Dana Point to the south, and State Route 133 crossing the hills in a northeastern direction through Laguna Canyon. Parts of Laguna Beach border the Aliso/Wood Canyons Regional Park.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Laguna Beach has a total area of 25.4 km2 (9.8 sq mi), of which 22.9 km2 (8.8 sq mi) is land and 2.5 km2 (0.97 sq mi). Its coastline is 7 mi (11 km) long and includes 27 beaches and coves.[33] It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean on the southwest, Crystal Cove State Park on the northwest, Laguna Woods on the northeast, Aliso Viejo and Laguna Niguel on the east, and Dana Point on the southeast.


Laguna Beach was the southern California epicenter of 'alternative' culture in the late 1960s and early 1970s.[31] In early 1967, John Griggs and other founding members of the Brotherhood of Eternal Love relocated from Modjeska Canyon to the Woodland Drive neighborhood of Laguna Beach, which they later re-christened "Dodge City".[31] Timothy Leary lived in a beach house on Gaviota Drive.[32]

Many creative, bohemian, and wealthy people have made Laguna Beach their home. They have added to the local culture by providing a theme for the small town. The adventurer Richard Halliburton built his Hangover House on the slopes of South Laguna. Hildegarde Hawthorne, granddaughter of the novelist Nathaniel Hawthorne, described Laguna "as a child of that deathless search, particularly by persons who devote their lives to painting or writing, or for some place where beauty and cheapness and a trifle of remoteness hobnob together in a delightful companionship."[30]

The arrival of painters, photographers, filmmakers, and writers established Laguna Beach as a noted artist community.[24] Although there only were approximately 300 residents in 1920, a large proportion of them worked in creative fields.[28] The small town remained isolated until 1926 because the long winding Laguna Canyon road served as the only access.[28] With the completion of the Pacific Coast Highway in 1926, a population boom was expected. In order to protect the small town atmosphere of the art colony, residents who called themselves "Lagunatics" pushed for incorporation.[28] The municipal government for Laguna Beach incorporated as a city on June 29, 1927.[29] The city experienced steady population growth since that time, rising from 1900 residents in 1927 to more than 10,000 in 1962, and becoming four times larger in area.[28]

The scenic beauty of the isolated coastline and hills attracted plein-air painters in the early 1900s. William Wendt, Frank Cuprien, and Edgar Payne among others settled there and formed the Laguna Beach Art Association. The first art gallery opened in 1918 and later became the Laguna Beach Art Museum.[25] Precursors to The Festival of the Arts and the Pageant of the Masters began in 1921, and eventually were established in their present day form by Roy Ropp in 1936.[26] Due to its proximity to Hollywood, Laguna also became a favorite filming location. Starting in 1913, dozens of silent films were made at local coves with Harold Lloyd, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., and others. Actors and film crews stayed during long production shoots at the Arch Beach Tavern on the hillside above Moss Street.[27]

The community in Laguna Canyon and around the main beach expanded during the 1880s. The city officially founded a post office in 1887 under the name Lagona (sic), but the postmaster in 1904, Nicholas Isch, successfully petitioned for a name correction to Laguna Beach.[21] By then Laguna Beach already had developed into a tourist destination.[22] Hubbard Goff built a large hotel at Arch Beach in 1886, which later was moved and added to Joseph Yoch's Laguna Beach Hotel built in 1888 on the main beach.[23] Visitors from local cities pitched tents on the beaches for vacation during the warm summers.[24]

[20] (1921), Samuel Armor cited permanent homestead of Nate Brooks as the beginning of the modern day town and described Brooks as the "Father of Laguna Beach."History of Orange County, California In his book, [19] In 1876, the brothers William and Lorenzo Nathan "Nate" Brooks purchased tracts of land in Bluebird Canyon at present-day Diamond Street. They subdivided their land, built homes and initiated the small community of Arch Beach.[18][17]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.