World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Lambton County

Article Id: WHEBN0000627765
Reproduction Date:

Title: Lambton County  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ontario Highway 21, St. Clair Catholic District School Board, Dawn-Euphemia, Grand Bend, Lambton Shores
Collection: Former Counties in Ontario, Lambton County
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Lambton County

Lambton County
County (upper-tier)
County of Lambton
Location of Lambton County
Location of Lambton County
Coordinates:
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Formed 1849
County seat Wyoming[1]
Municipalities
Area[2]
 • Land 2,842.81 km2 (1,097.62 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 124,623
 • Density 43.8/km2 (113/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Website www.lambtononline.ca/

Lambton County is a county in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. It is bordered on the north by Lake Huron, which is drained by the St. Clair River, the county's western border and part of the Canada-United States border. To the south is Lake Saint Clair and Chatham-Kent, another county in Ontario. Lambton County's eastern border follows the Ausable River north until it reaches Lake Huron at the beach community of Grand Bend. The county seat is in the Town of Plympton-Wyoming.

Lambton County started as a part of the District of Hesse. The district of Hesse included British territories west of Long Point, (practically all of western Ontario). The district was latter divided and renamed using English district names (Essex, Suffolk, Kent, etc.). Lambton was part of Kent county. In 1849 districts were abolished and the County of Lambton was formed. Lambton and Kent first shared the capital city of Sandwich (since renamed as Windsor, Ontario). In 1852 the partnership was dissolved and Lambton become a full county. It is named in honour of the Earl of Durham who lived in Lambton Castle.[3]

The largest city in Lambton County is Sarnia,[4] which is located at the mouth of the St. Clair River. The two Blue Water Bridges cross the river at Sarnia, connecting it to Port Huron, Michigan. The bridges are one of the busiest border crossings between the two countries. The river is also traversed by two passenger ferries further south, and a rail tunnel, also at Sarnia, runs underneath it. The CN rail tunnel accommodates double stacked rail cars.

Contents

  • Subdivisions 1
    • Cities and Towns 1.1
    • Townships and Villages 1.2
    • Independent First Nation reserves 1.3
  • Demographics 2
  • Economy 3
  • Highways 4
  • Communities 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Subdivisions

Cities and Towns

Townships and Villages

Independent First Nation reserves

Independent of the County, but located within the Lambton census division, are three First Nations reserves:

Demographics

Historic population:

  • 2011: 124,623 (5-year growth rate: 0.0%)
  • 2006: 124,600 (5-year growth rate: 0.8%)
  • 2001: 123,611 (5-year growth rate: -2.5%)
  • 1996: 126,829

The demographics below are for the Lambton census division, which combines Lambton County and three First Nations reserves.

Economy

An oil well near Sarnia

Total employment for Lambton County is 66,370. Of those 9,760 (14.7%) are employed in manufacturing; 7,545 (11.4%) in retail trade; 5,080 (7.7%) in accommodation and food services; and 3,155 (4.8%) are employed in agriculture.

Petrochemical and refining is the largest manufacturing sector in Lambton County's economy. Established during World War II, Sarnia and the area along the St. Clair River is home to a major processing centre for oil from Alberta.

In late 2010 and early 2011 a number of companies announced plans to provide ethane from the Marcellus Shale in the USA to Lambton County industries; providing a potential new feedstock for the production of ethylene in Lambton County.

Lambton County is the site of North America's first drilled commercial oil well at Oil Springs in 1858.

Tourism is another important industry in Lambton County, especially along the lake and river. The community of Grand Bend, and the Pinery Provincial Park are especially popular tourist destinations, attracting thousands of people each week throughout the summer to their long, uninterrupted beaches. The part of Lambton County along Lake Huron known as Lambton Shores depends almost entirely upon the seasonal industries of tourism and agriculture for its well-being. There are also popular conservation areas along the St. Clair River, and a conservation area named Rock Glen Falls near Arkona along the Ausauble River internationally known for its Devonian period fossils.

Lambton County has 2,346 farms with a total of 592,793 acres. The largest single use of farmland in Lambton is crop production,with 85% of total farmland reported as land in crops. Over the last 20 years soybeans, wheat, and grain corn have accounted for over 80% of total area crop production in Lambton. The fourth and fifth leading crops are sugar beets and hay. Among other crops oats, barley and mixed grains are also produced. Top animal production includes dairy, beef, hog, and poultry...[7]

Highways

Communities

See also

References

  1. ^ "Contact Us - The Corporation of the County of Lambton". Retrieved 2006-11-19. 
  2. ^ a b c "Lambton County census profile".  
  3. ^ W.G. Trestain, London Free Press, July 15, 1939
  4. ^ "City of Sarnia - Population and Location". Retrieved 2006-11-19. 
  5. ^ "2006 Community Profiles".  
  6. ^ "2001 Community Profiles".  
  7. ^ Overview of the Agriculture Sector in Sarnia and Lambton County 1986 to 2006, July 2010

External links

  • Lambton County - The Corporation of the County of Lambton.
  • Ontario Visual Heritage Project: Sarnia-Lambton
  • Historic bridges in Lambton County
  • Lambton County History
  • community newspaper - serving north Lambton County (Grand Bend and Port Franks).Grand Bend Strip
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.