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Laureate Cross of Saint Ferdinand

Royal and Military Order of Saint Ferdinand
Awarded by Spain
Type Military Order of Merit
Eligibility Military personnel
Status Currently awarded
Established 31 August 1811
Next (higher) None
Next (lower) Military Medal[1]

Ribbon of the order
For the order of knighthood of the Two Sicilies, see Order of Saint Ferdinand and of Merit.

The Royal and Military Order of Saint Ferdinand (Spanish: Real y Militar Orden de San Fernando), commonly known as Laureate Cross of Saint Ferdinand (Spanish: Cruz Laureada de San Fernando), is Spain's highest military award for gallantry. It is awarded in recognition of action, either individual or collective, to protect the nation, its citizens or the peace and security of the international community in the face of immediate risk to the bearer or bearers' life or lives. Those eligible are current and former members of the Spanish Armed Forces.

Among the conditions laid out by the Royal Military Order of Saint Ferdinand for the granting of the award are:

  • that the sole purpose of the action taken wasn't the saving of life;
  • that, as far as possible, the damage and number of casualties caused by the action was minimized;
  • that the action was taken in the face of significant odds or other detrimental factors;
  • that the action taken made a crucial difference to the situation in which it occurred.

The Royal Military Order of Saint Ferdinand was set up by the Cádiz Cortes in 1811 to honour heroic feats of arms. Its awardees include Juan Prim, Juan de la Cruz Mourgeón, Francisco de Albear, José Enrique Varela Iglesias, Francisco Serrano y Domínguez, Frederick Thomas Pelham, Francisco Franco Bahamonde and Mohamed Meziane.

See also



Loosely adapted from the Spanish WorldHeritage article on the same topic.

  • Royal Decree 899/2001, de 27 July. BOE (14/08/01) (Spanish) Accessed December 25, 2012.
  1. ^ .of December 10, by that approved rules for ordinary processing and concession of the Crosses of the Military, Naval and Aeronautical Merit, with white badge, and of the honorific mentions, the delegation of competitions in this matter, and use of representative decorations of rewards.Orden del Ministerio de Defensa /3594/2003, BOE (03/12/23). (Spanish) Accessed December 25, 2012.

External links


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