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Title: Lezgistan  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lezgian people, Greater Russia, Rattachism, Sardinian nationalism, -stan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Lezgistan from map of the Caucasus by Johann Christoph Matthias Reinecke, 1804

Lezgistan (Lezgian: Леӄи (lek'i)) may refer to the following:

Historical concept

While ancient Greek historians, including Herodotus, Strabo, and Pliny the Elder, referred to Legoi people who inhabited Caucasian Albania, Arab historians of 9-10th centuries mention the kingdom of Lakz in present-day southern Dagestan.[3] Al Masoudi referred to inhabitants of this area as Lakzams (Lezgins),[4] who defended Shirvan against invaders from the north.[5]

Prior to the Russian Revolution, "Lezgin" was a term applied to all ethnic groups inhabiting the present-day Russian Republic of Dagestan.[6]

Political concept

Lezgistan from map of the Caucasus by Johann Gustav Gaerber (1728)
The area of Lezgin settlement in the border of Russia and Azerbaijan.

The Lezgin National Movement, "Sadval" (Unity) was established in July 1990 in Derbent, Dagestan, Russia (then Soviet Union).[7] They demanded the unification of the Lezgin people (in Azerbaijan and Dagestan) because they had been "denied the opportunity to develop their culture" under Soviet rule.

Sadval did not find support ground in Azerbaijan, moreover, it was cited for the March 19, 1994 bomb attack in Baku subway during which 27 people were killed.[8] There was evidence that Armenian Secret Service had participated in the creation of Sadval, provided funding, training and weapons to its militants.[9]


  1. ^ "Лезгистан". Энциклопедический Словарь Ф.А.Брокгауза и И.А.Ефрона. Библиотека «Вѣхи». 1890–1907. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  2. ^ Markedonov, Sergey (2010). Radical Islam in the North Caucasus. Center for Strategic and International Studies. p. 2.  
  3. ^ Haspelmath, Martin (1993). A grammar of Lezgian. Walter de Gruyter. p. 17.  
  4. ^ Yakut, IV, 364. According to al-Masoudi (Murudzh, II, 5)
  5. ^ VFMinorsky. History of Shirvan. M. 1963
  6. ^ Olson, James Stuart; Pappas, Nicholas Charles (1994). An Ethnohistorical dictionary of the Russian and Soviet empires. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 438.  
  7. ^ Minorities at Risk Project, Chronology for Lezgins in Russia, 2004 (accessed 21 September 2011)
  8. ^ "Acts of terrorism in Metro in other countries".  
  9. ^ Coene, Frederik (2009). The Caucasus: an introduction. Taylor & Francis. p. 161.  

See also

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