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Lhokpu language

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Title: Lhokpu language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Languages of Bhutan, Sino-Tibetan languages, Tibeto-Burman languages, Outline of Bhutan, Lhop people
Collection: Endangered Languages, Languages of Bhutan, Unclassified Sino-Tibetan Languages
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Lhokpu language

Region SW Bhutan (Samtse, Chukha)
Native speakers
2,500  (1993)[1]
  • Lhokpu
Language codes
ISO 639-3 lhp
Glottolog lhok1238[2]

Lhokpu, also Lhobikha or Taba-Damey-Bikha, is one of the autochthonous languages of Bhutan spoken by the Lhop people. It is spoken in southwestern Bhutan along the border of Samtse and Chukha Districts. Van Driem (2003) leaves it unclassified as a separate branch within the Sino-Tibetan language family.[3]


Lhokpu is spoken by the Lhop—a Dzongkha term meaning "Southerners"—, who "represent the aboriginal [gdung] Dung population of western Bhutan [....] Lhokpu is more closely related to the Eastern Kiranti languages of Nepal such as Lohorung or Limbu than to the Lepcha, and, in linguistic terms, Lhokpu seems to be the substrate language for Dzongkha in western Bhutan.".[4]

See also


  1. ^ Lhokpu at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Lhokpu". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Driem, George van (2001). Languages of the Himalayas : an ethnolinguistic handbook of the greater Himalayan Region : containing an introduction to the symbiotic theory of language. Leiden: Brill.  
  4. ^ Driem, George van (1998). Dzongkha = rdoṅ-kha. Leiden: Research School, CNWS. p. 29.  

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