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Libourne

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Title: Libourne  
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Subject: 10月25日 (旧暦), A89 autoroute, Fronsac, Gironde, 90th Fighter Squadron, Gare de Libourne
Collection: Communes of Gironde, Subprefectures in France
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Libourne

Libourne
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Libourne
Coat of arms
Libourne is located in France
Libourne
Libourne
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Gironde
Arrondissement Libourne
Canton Libourne
Intercommunality Libournais
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Gilbert Mitterrand (PS)
Area1 20.63 km2 (7.97 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 23,736
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 33243 / 33600
Elevation 2–28 m (6.6–91.9 ft)
(avg. 15 m or 49 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Libourne (Gascon Liborna) is a commune in the Gironde department in Aquitaine in southwestern France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department.

It is the wine-making capital of northern Gironde and lies near Saint-Émilion and Pomerol.

Bridge over the Dordogne

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Population 3
  • Sights 4

Geography

Libourne is located at the confluence of the Isle and Dordogne rivers.

History

In 1270, Leybornia was founded as a bastide by Roger de Leybourne (of Kent), an English seneschal of Gascony, under the authority of King Edward I of England. It suffered considerably in the struggles of the French and English for the possession of Gironde in the 14th century, and joined France in the 15th century.

Population

Sights

The Gothic church, restored in the 19th century, has a stone spire 232 ft (71 m) high. On the quay there is a machicolated clock-tower which is a survival of the defensive walls of the 14th century; and the town-house, containing a small museum and a library, is a quaint relic of the 16th century. It is located by the main square, the Place Abel Surchamp, which hosts every week end one of the largest fresh food market in the region. There

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