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Limbourg

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Title: Limbourg  
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Subject: History of Belgian Limburg, Baelen, Verviers, Vesdre, Gileppe
Collection: Municipalities of Liège (Province)
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Limbourg

Limbourg
Limburg (Dutch)
Limburg (German)
Municipality
Old centre of Limbourg
Old centre of Limbourg
Flag of Limbourg
Flag
Limbourg is located in Belgium
Limbourg
Location in Belgium
Coordinates:
Country Belgium
Community French Community
Region Wallonia
Province Liège
Arrondissement Verviers
Government
 • Mayor Jean-Marie Reinertz (PS)
 • Governing party/ies PS and MR-IC
Area
 • Total 24.63 km2 (9.51 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 5,776
 • Density 230/km2 (610/sq mi)
Postal codes 4830-4834
Area codes 087
Website www.ville-limbourg.be

Limbourg[2] (German and Dutch: Limburg) is a town located in the province of Liège, Wallonia, Belgium.

On 1 January 2008 Limbourg had a total population of 5,680. The total area is 24.63 km² which gives a population density of 231 inhabitants per km². The present municipality Limbourg was formed in 1977 by the merger of the old municipalities Limbourg, Bilstain and Goé.

The second part of the name Limbourg is from burg meaning a "fortress", which is common in many parts of Europe where Germanic languages are spoken or have been spoken historically (see Germanic placename etymology). Concerning the first part of the name there are various theories. One is lint meaning "dragon". Another is that it refers back to the Roman-era limes, situated at boundaries of the Empire. It may also have been related to the material lim or lime.[3]

Limbourg is located on top of a hill which in its turn is surrounded by the river Vesdre. This was a strong military advantage in the Middle Ages and allowed the city to defend itself against foreign invaders. In the Middle Ages, the ruling family came to have the rank of duke and so the town was the seat of the Duchy of Limburg, which was a part of the Lower Lorraine region of the Holy Roman Empire.

The town featured in the War of the Spanish Succession, falling in 1703 to British and Dutch Republican forces led by the Duke of Marlborough. The lower part of the town, along the Vesdre, is called Dolhain.

See also

References

  1. ^ Population per municipality on 1 January 2013 (XLS; 607.5 KB)
  2. ^ Occasionally formerly "Lambourg", as in the 1584 Treaty of Joinville.
  3. ^ Berkel and Samplonius, "Het Plaatsnamenboek", 1989, Unieboek, Houten

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • Historical view of Limbourg


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