World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Line of succession to the Liechtensteiner throne

Prince Karl I, who established primogeniture
Prince Johann I Joseph, whose legitimate male patrilineal descendants are entitled to succeed
Prince Hans-Adam II, the present monarch

Succession to the Liechtensteiner throne is governed by the house laws of the Princely Family of Liechtenstein, which stipulate agnatic primogeniture. In 2004 the head of state, Hans-Adam II, publicly responded to criticism from the UN which had voiced its discrimination concerns about the exclusion of women from the line of succession, stating that the rule was older than the state itself.

Contents

  • Succession rules 1
  • Line of succession 2
  • Discrimination concerns 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Succession rules

In 1606, the first prince of Liechtenstein, Karl I, and his younger brothers, Maximilian and Gundakar, signed Family Covenant, agreeing that the headship of the family should pass according to agnatic primogeniture to the heir of the most senior line.[1] The family continued to be governed by various statutes until 1993, when it was decided that some of the provisions were outdated and that they should be amended. The statute was repealed on 26 October,[2] and the new house law was published on 6 December.[3] According to the house law, the right to succeed to the throne of Liechtenstein is reserved for male patrilineal descendants of Prince Johann I Joseph born to married parents, excluding issue born of marriage to which the sovereign did not consent. Should there be no more eligible male patrilineal descendants left, the sovereign has the right to adopt an heir presumptive. It is explicitly stated that if a member of the princely family adopts a prince who is in the line of succession, the adoptee's place in the line will not be altered.[3] There is no scenario under which a woman could succeed to the throne of Liechtenstein.[4] The house law also provides for a possibility of renunciation of succession rights.[3]

Line of succession

  • Prince Johann I Josef (1760–1836)
    • Prince Franz de Paula (1802–1887)
      • Prince Alfred (1842–1907)
      • (4) Prince Nikolaus (b. 2000)
      • (6) Prince Alfons (b. 2001)
      • (7) Prince Constantin (b. 1972)
                      • (8) Prince Moritz (b. 2003)
      • (9) Prince Benedikt (b. 2008)
                  • (10) Prince Philipp (b. 1946)
      • (13) Prince Rudolf (b. 1975)
      • (14) Prince Nikolaus (b. 1947)
      • (15) Prince Josef-Emanuel (b. 1989)
                • Prince Karl (1910–1985)
                  • (16) Prince Andreas (b. 1952)
      • (17) Prince Gregor (b. 1954)
                • Prince Georg (1911–1998)
      • (18) Prince Christoph (b. 1958)
      • Prince Heinrich (1920–1993)
      • (19) Prince Hubertus (b. 1971)
              • Prince Johannes (1873–1959)
                • Prince Alfred (1907–1991)
                  • (20) Prince Franz (b. 1935)
                    • (21) Prince Alfred (b. 1972)
      • (22) Prince Franz (b. 2009)
      • (23) Prince Lukas (b. 1974)
                  • Prince Friedrich (1937–2010)
                    • (24) Prince Emanuel (b. 1978)
                      • (25) Prince Leopold (b. 2010)
      • (26) Prince Heinrich (b. 2012)
      • (27) Prince Ulrich (b. 1983)
      • (28) Prince Anton (b. 1940)
      • (29) Prince Georg (b. 1977)
      • Prince Johannes (1910–1975)
      • (30) Prince Eugen (b. 1939)
      • (31) Prince Johannes (b. 1969)
              • Prince Alfred (1875–1930)
                • Prince Hans-Moritz (1914–2004)
                  • (32) Prince Gundakar (b. 1949)
                    • (33) Prince Johann (b. 1993)
      • (34) Prince Gabriel (b. 1998)
                  • (35) Prince Alfred (b. 1951)
                  • (36) Prince Karl (b. 1955)
      • (37) Prince Hugo (b. 1964)
      • Prince Heinrich (1916–1991)
                  • (38) Prince Michael (b. 1951)
                  • (39) Prince Christof (b. 1956)
      • (40) Prince Karl (b. 1957)
      • Prince Karl Aloys (1878–1955)
      • (41) Prince Wolfgang (b. 1934)
      • (42) Prince Leopold (b. 1978)
      • (43) Prince Lorenz (b. 2012)
      • Prince Eduard Franz (1809–1864)
      • Prince Aloys (1840–1885)
      • Prince Friedrich (1871–1959)
                • Prince Aloys (1898–1943)
      • (44) Prince Luitpold (b. 1940)
      • (45) Prince Carl (b. 1978)
      • Prince Alfred (1900–1972)
      • Prince Alexander (1929–2012)
                    • (46) Prince Christian (b. 1961)
                      • (47) Prince Augustinus (b. 1992)
      • (48) Prince Johannes (b. 1995)
      • (51) Prince Konrad (b. 1992)
      • (52) Prince Emanuel (b. 1964)
      • (53) Prince Josef (b. 1998)

Discrimination concerns

In 2004, the United Nations questioned the compatibility of agnatic primogeniture, which prevents women from becoming head of state of Liechtenstein, with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights[5] and later raised concern about it.[5] In response to the United Nations' demands for gender equality in 2007, Prince Hans-Adam II explained that the succession law is older than the Principality of Liechtenstein itself and that it is a family tradition that does not have an impact on the country's citizens; the Constitution of Liechtenstein stipulates that succession to the throne is a private family matter.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ "A Brief History of the Princely House of Liechtenstein".  
  2. ^ "House Laws".  
  3. ^ a b c "The Succession to the Throne".  
  4. ^ Eccardt, Thomas M. (2005). Secrets of the Seven Smallest States of Europe: Andorra, Liechtenstein, Luxemborg, Malta, Monaco, San Marino, and Vatican City.  
  5. ^ a b Report of the Human Rights Committee: Vol. 1: Seventy-ninth session (20 October - 7 November 2003); eightieth session (15 March - 2 April 2004); eighty-first session (5-30 July 2004).  
  6. ^ Pancevski, Bojan (19 November 2007). "No princesses: it’s men only on this throne".  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.